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  • Households and household structure in Auckland
  • This present paper discusses the social and spatial distinctions between family and household in Western societies, provides an analysis of the spatial patterns of household types and attempts to establish what part household structure plays
  • A geographical study on the regional pattern of household composition and household formation in Japan
  • Demographic change ; Demographic structure ; Demography ; Family size ; Family structure ; Household ; Japan ; Population ageing ; Regional disparities
  • Regional characteristics of Japanese people's concept for household formation and factors of spatiotemporal household composition patterns are identified by analyzing household size, family composition, and household formation. Urban concentration
  • of population in the 1960s resulted in ageing of population in rural areas, while it lowered the ratio of aged population in urban areas. The major factor of changing regional patterns of household composition is the change in age structure.
  • Complete family households
  • Complete family households in Czech Republic consitute 62% of the Census Households (1991). Long-term decrease of fertility continued after demographic wave in the the eightieth showing further reduction fo share more-children families. - (MS)
  • Culture/economy and spaces of economic practice : positioning households in post-communism
  • Behaviour ; Economic restructuring ; Economic strategy ; Food production ; Household behaviour ; Slovak Republic ; Social network
  • Through an exploration of the spaces of household economic practice concerned with food production on family plots of land and with inter-household networks of reciprocity, the paper argues that such activities can be better situated within
  • in and between households. The research is with households in two contrasting sites in Slovakia.
  • Demographic change ; Germany ; Household ; Population ; Population projection ; Typology
  • Private households constitute the second demographic feature in the system of the Spatial Planning Projection for Germany. With the household model the previously prognosticated population is distributed among private households of different sizes
  • . Although the private households are closely associated with the population dynamics, they show a greater dynamic force of development, which is determined by trends towards smaller households and the diversification into different household types. - (IFL)
  • Telecommuting, household commute and location choice
  • Decision ; Distance travelled ; Employment ; Form of transport ; Household ; Journey to work ; Residential choice ; Social geography ; Teleworking ; United States of America
  • This study focuses on one-worker and two-worker households and investigates how telecommuting affects household one-way commute distance and duration. The results show that telecommuting increases the commute distance and duration for both one
  • -worker households and two-worker households. It is also found that, in two-worker households, the telecommuting status of one worker does not increase the commute distance and duration of the other worker. These findings suggest that telecommuting (two
  • -worker) households tend to choose locations involving a longer total one-way commute than non-telecommuting households, and this difference is largely due to the longer commute of their telecommuting members.
  • Complexities of the margin : housing decisions by female householders in Mexico
  • Gender ; Gender difference ; Guadalajara ; Household ; Housing ; Life cycle ; Living standard ; Mexico ; Poverty ; Residential choice ; Woman
  • The A. deconstructs the categorical grouping of the urban poor as a homogenous poplation and female-headed households as the poorest of the poor. She shows that, as we have to account for gender in the examination of shelter and well being we have
  • also to account for age and household life-cycle position in order to understand the housing concerns of female household heads in their full life cycle. Case studies are conducted in Guadalajara.
  • Economic and social status in household decision-making : evidence relating to extended family mobility
  • Decision ; Family structure ; Household behaviour ; Residential mobility ; Social status ; Taipei ; Taiwan
  • Micro-data from Taipei are used to determine which approach is most appropriate for studying housing mobility decisions. Decisions of nuclear and different types of extended family household are compared to test whether the social and economic roles
  • of different generations affect the househlod decision process. Household mobility is analysed with a richer description of household structure than is found in the current literature.
  • Marketing in a developing nation: a case study of household building materials in Tunisia.
  • The Food Stamp Program and low-income household's food purchases
  • The impact of clean air legislation on Dublin households
  • The effects of generalized relocation costs upon intraurban household relocation
  • The economics of rural households in Russia : impact of village location
  • Agriculture ; Household ; Income ; Location ; Rural area ; Russia ; Village
  • Choice of neighbourhoods by mover households in Karachi
  • Habitability ; Household behaviour ; Housing ; Karachi ; Large city ; Pakistan ; Residential choice ; Residential mobility ; Urban environment ; Urban policy
  • The analysis is based on a socio-economic survey of 6275 households in the city. Permanent income, location-specific income, ethnic composition and the incidence of violence are major determinants of the neighbourhood choice. This choice is driven
  • by different considerations from those in a developed country. In the future there is likely to be ethnic segregation of population by their ethnic background and movement of households toward violence-free areas.
  • Crossing the threshold : municipal waste policy and household waste generation
  • Household consumption ; Household rubbish ; Local government unit ; Policy ; Recycling ; United Kingdom ; Waste
  • The AA. argue that, in order to meet the enhanced goals of waste reduction , UK municipal waste policy needs a far closer engagement with the household. They show why the potential for achieving enhanced rates of materials diversion through
  • The AA. examine the impact of mobility on the labor-force status of two-earner households in the United States, in a longitudinal context. A comparison of the impact of mobility on the labor-force status of men as well as women is needed. The AA
  • . directly compare this status of dual-earner households who migrate long distances, with that of households who move within the same labor market, and with that of households that remain residentially stable. Although there are disruptive effects
  • , they are relatively short lived for most households.
  • Why do higher-income households choose low-income neighbourhoods? Pioneering or thrift?
  • Household ; Housing ; Housing cost ; Income ; Neighbourhood ; Preference ; Residential choice ; Service ; Social geography ; United States of America
  • This paper offers several hypotheses about which US higher-income households choose to move into low-income neighbourhoods and why. It first explores whether the probability that a household moves into a relatively low-income neighbourhood (an RLIN
  • move) varies with predicted household and metropolitan area characteristics.Secondly, it estimates a residential choice model to examine the housing and neighbourhood preferences of the households making such moves. Thirdly, it explores responses
  • to survey questions about residential choices. Evidence is found that households who place less value on neighbourhood services and those who face greater constraints on their choices are more likely to make an RLIN move. No evidence is found that households
  • making RLIN moves are choosing neighbourhoods that are more accessible to employment. Rather, it is found thathouseholds making RLIN moves appear to place less weight on neighbourhood amenities than other households and more weight on housing costs.
  • Residential movement into elderly person households : evidence from the 1991 Household Sample of Anonymised Records
  • Demographic structure ; Elderly people ; Family structure ; Household ; Residential mobility ; Retired people ; United Kingdom ; Way of life
  • . However, the A. casts doubt on this simple assumption, arguing that it is equally necessary to look at the characteristics and circumstances of movers in order to understand coresidence in the elderly households under examination.
  • Technological change and household food supply in a West African maritime economy
  • Fishing on Sierra Leone's Sherbro Coast is divided into a technology using traditional canoes and simple gear and one with outboard motors and nylon nets. The latter is market-oriented and has brought larger households, dietary changes, and more
  • Determinants of rural service use among households in Gazaland District, Zimbabwe
  • Based on household level data, the impact of access to road transport facilities and to various modes of transport on demand for consumption and production goods and services is estimated. Implications are noted for regional economic growth.