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  • Analyse comparative de l'évolution du climat dans la région de Halle (Saale) entre 1965 et 2008
  • Allemagne ; Années 1965-2008 ; Aridité ; Climat ; Donnée climatique ; Précipitation ; Radiation ; Saale ; Sachsen-Anhalt ; Température de l'air ; Tendance du climat ; Utilisation du sol ; Vulnérabilité
  • Air temperature ; Aridity ; Climate ; Climatic data ; Climatic trend ; Germany ; Land use ; Precipitation ; Radiation ; Saale ; Saxony-Anhalt ; Vulnerability
  • The article deals with air temperature, precipitation, global radiation, climate change, climate data and climate of Halle (Saale) and its surroundings. How and which dimension the climate change affects, is regional different. Saxony-Anhalt
  • determines in Middle German arid area and because of the specific land use the vulnerability is high. The climate change between 1965 and 2008 were analysed in investigation areas of Bad Lauchstädt, Seeben and Halle-Kröllwitz. - (IfL)
  • 2010
  • An analytical framework for estimating the urban effect on climate
  • Années 1987-1996 ; Bilan énergétique ; Climat ; Climat régional ; Climat urbain ; Effet urbain ; Etats-Unis ; Impact ; Morphologie urbaine ; Pennsylvania ; Philadelphia ; Utilisation du sol ; Ville
  • Climate ; Energy balance ; Impact ; Land use ; Pennsylvania ; Philadelphia ; Regional climate ; Town ; United States of America ; Urban climate ; Urban effect ; Urban morphology
  • grandissante sur le climat régional à mesure que s'étend l'emprise de la ville sur l'utilisation du sol. - (JPB)
  • 2010
  • Uncertainty in regional climate modelling : a review
  • Action anthropique ; Biais statistique ; Changement climatique ; Changement global ; Climat ; Climat régional ; Echelle ; Effet de serre ; Modèle ; Situation d'incertitude
  • Climate ; Climatic change ; Global change ; Greenhouse effect ; Human impact ; Model ; Regional climate ; Scale ; Statistical bias ; Uncertainty
  • In this paper, the cascade of uncertainty from emissions scenario to global model to regional climate model is explored. The initial part of the discussion focuses on uncertainties associated with human action, such as emissions of greenhouse gases
  • . In the second part of the discussion, uncertainties associated with climate modelling are explored with emphasis on the implications for regional scale analysis. Such uncertainties include parameterizations and resolutions, initial and boundary conditions
  • 2010
  • The vulnerability of past societies to climatic variation: a new focus for historical climatology in the twenty-first century
  • Climat historique ; Climatologie ; Géographie historique ; Phénomène exceptionnel ; Reconstitution climatique ; Société ; Variabilité climatique ; Variation climatique ; Vulnérabilité
  • Climate reconstruction ; Climatic variability ; Climatic variation ; Climatology ; Exceptional event ; Historical climate ; Historical geography ; Society ; Vulnerability
  • La climatologie historique s'est surtout focalisée, jusqu'à présent, sur la reconstitution du climat des quelques siècles précédant la période où l'on dispose de données instrumentales, au détriment de l'étude de la vulnérabilité des sociétés
  • 2010
  • Climate change : what do we know about the IPCC ?
  • Années 1990 ; Années 2000 ; Changement climatique ; Changement global ; Climat ; Evaluation des connaissances ; Gouvernance ; IPCC ; Impact ; Institution ; Recherche ; Situation d'incertitude
  • Climate ; Climatic change ; Global change ; Governance ; Impact ; Institution ; Knowledge evaluation ; Research ; The 1990's ; The 2000's ; Uncertainty
  • The research that has been conducted on the IPCC (United nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) as an institution has come mostly from science and technology studies scholars and a small number of critical social scientists. The IPCC’s
  • influence on the construction, mobilization and consumption of climate change knowledge is considerable. The review therefore ends by encouraging geographers of science to turn their research and scholarship to understanding the roles played by the IPCC
  • , and equivalent institutional processes of climate change knowledge assessment, in the contemporary world.
  • 2010
  • Patterns of climate change across Wisconsin from 1950 to 2006
  • Années 1950-2006 ; Anomalie climatique ; Changement climatique ; Climat ; Donnée climatique ; Ecologie ; Etats-Unis ; Méthode des moindres carrés ; Précipitation ; Température ; Tendance du climat ; Variabilité interannuelle ; Variabilité
  • Climate ; Climatic anomaly ; Climatic change ; Climatic data ; Climatic trend ; Ecology ; Interannual variability ; Least squares method ; Precipitation ; Seasonal variability ; Temperature ; United States of America ; Wisconsin
  • Trends in meteorological and ecological variables were calculated across the state of Wisconsin from 1950 to 2006 to quantify recent patterns of climate change. This paper specifically reports changes in annual and seasonal temperatures
  • 2010
  • [b3] Nelson Inst. Center for Climatic Research (CCR), Univ. Wisconsin, Madison, Etats-Unis
  • Northward-shift of temperature zones in China's eco-geographical study under future climate scenario
  • Années 1961-2080 ; Changement climatique ; Chine ; Climat ; Ecosystème ; Scénario ; Simulation ; Température
  • China ; Climate ; Climatic change ; Ecosystem ; Scenario ; Simulation ; Temperature
  • In this study, the variation of simulated spatial patterns of degree days from RCMs (Regional ClimateModels) modeled future temperature was used to examine the response of temperature zones to climate change in China, and to quantitatively determine
  • the shift of temperature zones in future periods under climate change. Projected climate data with high resolution during 1961–2080 were simulated using regional climate model of PRECIS. The number of days with mean daily temperature above 10°C and the mean
  • temperature of January are usually regarded as the principal criteria to indicate temperature zones, which are sensitive to climate change. Shifts due to future climate change were calculated by comparing the latitude of grid cells for the future borderline
  • 2010
  • Trends in climate extremes affecting human settlements
  • Adaptation ; Climat ; Gestion du risque ; Phénomène exceptionnel ; Prévision ; Risque climatique ; Tendance du climat
  • Adaptation ; Climate ; Climatic hazard ; Climatic trend ; Exceptional event ; Forecast ; Risk management
  • 2010
  • Performance of a MIROC3.2-hires climate scenario in eastern Mongolian steppe and its improvement by statistical downscaling
  • Analyse statistique ; Biais statistique ; Circulation atmosphérique ; Climat ; Donnée ; Interaction océan-atmosphère ; Modèle ; Mongolie ; Précipitation ; Scénario ; Steppe ; Température
  • Atmospheric circulation ; Climate ; Data ; Model ; Mongolia ; Ocean atmosphere interaction ; Precipitation ; Scenario ; Statistical analysis ; Statistical bias ; Steppe ; Temperature
  • In this study, 2 climate variables (monthly mean temperature and monthly precipitation amount) of the output from MIROC3-2-hires climate model were downscaled and compared its performance with a bias correction method. Results showed that values
  • from MIROC3-2-hires climate model overestimated the monthly accumulated precipitation and represented well the monthly mean temperature in eastern Mongolia during the control period from 1971 to 2000. The cumulative density function made it possible
  • 2010
  • Agroclimatologie ; Anomalie climatique ; Changement climatique ; Climat ; Climat urbain ; Gestion du risque ; Modélisation ; Méthodologie ; Phénomène exceptionnel ; Prévision ; Risque ; Risque climatique
  • Agroclimatology ; Climate ; Climatic anomaly ; Climatic change ; Climatic hazard ; Exceptional event ; Forecast ; Methodology ; Modelling ; Risk ; Risk management ; Urban climate
  • 2010
  • Climate change and human activities: a case study in Xinjiang, China
  • Action anthropique ; Changement global ; Chine ; Développement durable ; Effet de serre ; Réchauffement climatique ; Siècle 18 ; Siècle 20 ; Température ; Tendance du climat ; Variation climatique ; Xinjiang
  • China ; Climatic trend ; Climatic variation ; Climatic warming ; Eighteenth Century ; Global change ; Greenhouse effect ; Human impact ; Sustainable development ; Temperature ; Twentieth Century ; Xinjiang
  • Le climat a beaucoup fluctué durant les trois derniers siècles, mais sans tendance claire jusque vers 1950, où a débuté un assez net réchauffement. Le Nord semi-aride a alors évolué en phase avec l'hémisphère boréal, le Sud plus aride en phase avec
  • 2010
  • Idealized SST anomaly regional climate model experiments : a note of caution
  • Afrique du Sud ; Anomalie climatique ; Atlantique ; Climat ; Climat régional ; Expérimentation ; Interaction océan-atmosphère ; Modèle ; Précipitation ; Température de surface
  • Atlantic Ocean ; Climate ; Climatic anomaly ; Experimentation ; Model ; Ocean atmosphere interaction ; Precipitation ; Regional climate ; South Africa ; Surface temperature
  • The AA. present results from idealized regional climate model (RCM) experiments forced with both positive and negative SST anomalies in the southern Atlantic Ocean. They reveal an unexpected response of rainfall over southern Africa. In particular
  • concludes that the results of idealized regional climate models forced with SST anomalies should be viewed cautiously.
  • 2010
  • [b1] NCAS-Climate, Univ., Reading, Royaume-Uni
  • A new climatic map of the Dominican Republic based on the Thornthwaite classification
  • Années 1971-2000 ; Approvisionnement en eau ; Carte climatique ; Changement climatique ; Classification ; Climat ; Dominicaine république ; Donnée climatique ; Gestion de l'environnement ; Humidité ; Précipitation ; Température de l'air
  • Air temperature ; Classification ; Climate ; Climatic change ; Climatic chart ; Climatic data ; Dominican Republic ; Environmental management ; Moisture ; Precipitation ; Vulnerability ; Water supply
  • The AA. present the results of a climatic analysis based on 30-year (1971-2000) averages of precipitation and air temperature monthly data from stations of the National Meteorological Office and National Hydraulic Resources Institute
  • of the Dominican Republic. The performed analysis provides a synthesis of the climate of the Dominican Republic, consistent with its orography and the atmospheric dynamics typical for the Caribbean region. According to the analysis, 54% of the Dominican territory
  • to reduce vulnerability to climate change.
  • 2010
  • The response and role of ice cover in lake-climate interactions
  • Climat ; Climat régional ; Glace ; Interaction terre-atmosphère ; Lac ; Modèle ; Neige ; Phénologie ; Prévision ; Température de l'air ; Téléconnexion ; Zone froide
  • Air temperature ; Climate ; Cold area ; Forecast ; Ice ; Lake ; Land atmosphere interaction ; Model ; Phenology ; Regional climate ; Snow ; Teleconnection
  • This paper reviews the current state of knowledge pertaining to the interactions of lake ice and climate. Lake ice has been shown to be sensitive to climate variability through observations and modelling, and both long-term and short-term trends
  • have been identified from ice records. The inclusion of lakes and lake ice in climate modelling is an area of increased attention in recent studies. An important step in improving predictions of ice conditions in models is the assimilation of remote
  • sensing data in areas where in-situ data is lacking, or non-representative of the lake conditions. The ability to accurately represent ice cover on lakes will be an important step in the improvement of global circulation models, regional climate models
  • 2010
  • Adapting urban areas in Africa to climate change : the case of Kampala
  • Aléa ; Aménagement urbain ; Changement climatique ; Climat urbain ; Gestion du risque ; Kampala ; Ouganda ; Prévention ; Risque ; Risque climatique ; Ville ; Vulnérabilité
  • Climatic change ; Climatic hazard ; Hazard ; Preventive measure ; Risk ; Risk management ; Town ; Town planning ; Uganda ; Urban climate ; Vulnerability
  • 2010
  • Institutional challenges to climate risk management in cities
  • Aléa ; Aménagement urbain ; Changement climatique ; Climat urbain ; Gestion du risque ; Prévention ; Risque ; Risque climatique ; Ville ; Vulnérabilité
  • Climatic change ; Climatic hazard ; Hazard ; Preventive measure ; Risk ; Risk management ; Town ; Town planning ; Urban climate ; Vulnerability
  • 2010
  • Multiple climate signals characterize Cassiope mertensiana chronologies for a site on Mount Rainier, Washington, USA
  • Analyse isotopique ; Analyse multivariée ; Bruyère ; Climat ; Dendrochronologie ; Etats-Unis ; Humidité ; Montagne ; Température ; Végétation ; Washington State
  • Climate ; Dendrochronology ; Heath ; Isotope analysis ; Moisture ; Mountain ; Multivariate analysis ; Temperature ; United States of America ; Vegetation ; Washington State
  • This study investigates the nature and strength of the climate signals that characterize an alpine dwarf-shrub, Cassiope mertensiana (mountain bell heather). The AA. present 6 new C. mertensiana chronologies (2 growth, 2 reproduction, 1963-2004; δ13
  • C, δ18 O, 1975-2005) based on Mount Rainier, Washington, USA. Correlation, factor, and multivariate regression analyses revealed that multiple and different climate factors control the chronologies.
  • 2010
  • Effect of the climate shift around mid 1970s on the relationship between wintertime Ural blocking circulation and East Asian climate
  • Asian part of Russia ; Atmospheric circulation ; Climatic variability ; Climatic variation ; Teleconnection ; Winter ; Zonal circulation
  • 2010
  • Îlot de chaleur urbain, plan climat et prévention des canicules urbaines
  • Adaptation ; Climat urbain ; France ; Gestion du risque ; Ilot de chaleur ; Prévention ; Risque ; Santé ; Température ; Vague de chaleur ; Vent ; Ville
  • Adaptation ; France ; Health ; Heat island ; Heat wave ; Preventive measure ; Risk ; Risk management ; Temperature ; Town ; Urban climate ; Wind
  • Après un rappel des principales caractéristiques du climat des villes (îlots de chaleur et rôle des vents, notamment), l'A. expose les enjeux sanitaires des canicules urbaines, puis présente sur l'exemple français les solutions actuellement en cours
  • pour la prévention et/ou la gestion de ces crises : les Plans Climats Territoriaux, dans lesquels s'intègre le Plan National Canicule. - (JPB)
  • 2010
  • La gestion et la protection du climat local
  • Allemagne ; Climat urbain ; Développement durable ; Energie renouvelable ; Environnement ; Espace urbain ; Gestion de l'environnement ; Hessen ; Nordrhein-Westfalen ; Protection de l'environnement ; Thüringen
  • Environment ; Environmental conservation ; Environmental management ; Germany ; Hessen ; North Rhine Westfalia ; Renewable energy ; Sustainable development ; Thuringia ; Urban area ; Urban climate
  • The article deals with the climate protection, the climate protection management, the sustainability management, the energy efficiency, the renewable energy, the modernization of the administration and local protagonist networks. The paper discusses
  • the frame of action as well as the approaches of a local climate protection management, which refers to the well implemented concept of local sustainability management (with case studies of Darmstadt, Eisenach, and Rheinberg). - (IfL)
  • 2010