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  • The conquering of climate : discourses of fear and their dissolution
  • Climat ; Culturel ; Discours ; Perception ; Risque ; Réchauffement climatique
  • Climate ; Climatic warming ; Cultural studies ; Discourse ; Perception ; Risk
  • Les différents discours culturels concernant le climat :le climat comme jugement; le climat comme pathologie; le climat comme catastrophe; dissolution du climat catastrophe.
  • 2008
  • Assessing climate change in the contiguous United States using a modified Thornthwaite climate classification scheme
  • Analyse multivariée ; Années 1895-2005 ; Changement climatique ; Classification des climats ; Climat ; Etats-Unis ; Humidité ; Température
  • Climate ; Climate classification ; Climatic change ; Moisture ; Multivariate analysis ; Temperature ; United States of America
  • This new approach allows both moisture and thermal conditions to be examined simultaneously for a better assessment of multivariate climate change. Changes in area of different climate types over time is determined using the climate year approach
  • and the spatial nature of climate change is examined by computing climate types based on averages from three thirty-year periods over the twentieth century. Over the study period from 1895 to 2005, statistically significant changes in areal coverage of different
  • climate types have occurred : changes to moister climate categories and positive temperature trends.
  • 2008
  • Introduction - Climate science literacy : a state of the knowledge overview
  • Changement climatique ; Climat ; Concept ; Connaissance ; Enseignement ; Etats-Unis ; Perception ; Variabilité climatique
  • Climate ; Climatic change ; Climatic variability ; Concept ; Knowledge ; Perception ; Teaching ; United States of America
  • This special issue stems from the need to highlight the widespread misconceptions about climate science in general, and to present successful strategies from which we can learn as we strive toward a climate-literate citizenry. One of the challenges
  • to climate literacy lies in the understanding or perceived understanding of the term climate. In recent times, the subtle distinction between weather vs. climate, climate variability vs. change, and natural vs. anthropogenic forcings appears to have been lost
  • . The disconnect between actual climate science knowledge and perceived knowledge is pervasive in nature and global in extent. This special issue is a timely one that captures the state of knowledge concerning climate literacy at a critical watershed moment.
  • 2008
  • Climate literacy and a national climate service
  • Changement climatique ; Climat ; Education ; Enseignement ; Etats-Unis ; Information ; Service climatique ; Stratégie d'acteurs ; Vulnérabilité
  • Climate ; Climatic change ; Decision making process ; Education ; Information ; Teaching ; United States of America ; Vulnerability
  • The prospect of climate change is driving a renewed effort within the scientific community to develop a system of climate services to inform decision-makers about the potential impacts of climate change. Climate literacy is part of a coordinated
  • effort to make people more aware of their natural environment and factors, both natural and anthropogenic, that cause disruptions to that environment. A more informed user is a more effective user; this concept lies at the heart of climate services
  • . This paper concludes with an examintion of the importance of climate literacy as a component of a U.S. National Climate Service.
  • 2008
  • Changement climatique ; Climat ; Holocène ; Hongrie ; Monde ; Recherche
  • Climate ; Climatic change ; Holocene ; Hungary ; Research ; World
  • The aim of the paper is to summarise international and Hungarian findings on climate change and to point to areas of uncertainty in climate research. The author gives an overview of climate changes in the Holocene as global changes without
  • the presence of humans in order to find the answer to one of the fundamental question: does climate change natural or anthropogenic causes ? - (AM)
  • 2008
  • Méthodes d’identification des climats viticoles
  • Années 1961-2007 ; Circulation atmosphérique ; Classification des climats ; Climat ; Climat local ; Climatologie appliquée ; France ; France du Nord ; Gel ; Risque climatique ; Vignoble
  • Applied climatology ; Atmospheric circulation ; Climate ; Climate classification ; Climatic hazard ; France ; Freezing ; Local climate ; Northern France ; Vinegrowing area
  • L’étude du climat à l’échelle d’un terroir viticole nécessite une démarche scientifique prenant en compte l’imbrication des échelles spatio-temporelles du zonal au local. Dans cet article est présentée la méthodologie pour étudier le climat à
  • l’échelle régionale dans les vignobles de la partie nord de la France. Les méthodes de classification des types de climat de Köppen et des circulations de Hess-Brezowsky ont été appliquées pour les stations du réseau national français de Saumur, Colmar
  • 2008
  • Influence of climate and climate anomalies on Norway spruce tree-ring growth at different altitudes and on glacier responses : examples from the Central Italian Alps
  • Alpes ; Anomalie climatique ; Changement climatique ; Climat ; Date 2003 ; Dendroclimatologie ; Dendrologie ; Epicéa ; Glacier ; Impact ; Italie ; Montagne
  • Alps (The) ; Climate ; Climatic anomaly ; Climatic change ; Dendroclimatology ; Dendrology ; Glacier ; Impact ; Italy ; Mountain ; Spruce
  • The AA. present some examples of the influence of climate and climate anomalies on the alpine environment in the Ortles-Cevedale Group, OCG, focusing on the different responses of Norway spruce tree-ring growth from one OCG valley (the Trafoi Valley
  • ) and of the glaciers from the same region. Spruce responses to the climate anomaly of 2003 were more evident with a one-year lag. Glacier mass loss in the OCG in 2003 was the highest since yearly measurement started. The examples reported confirm the strong and even
  • divergent variations affecting the Alpine environment, induced by recent climate change.
  • 2008
  • Climat et désertification des terres arides de Russie
  • Action anthropique ; Climat ; Domaine aride ; Désertification ; Indice de végétation ; Russie ; Variabilité interannuelle
  • Arid area ; Climate ; Desertification ; Human impact ; Interannual variability ; Russia ; Vegetation index
  • Hypothèse sur la désertification climatique. Impact d'un climat extrême sur la désertification anthropique. La cyclicité régionale d'une désertification. Tendances à l'assèchement du climat dans les subrégions de désertification de Russie.
  • 2008
  • Climatic variability along a north-south transect of Finland over the last 500 years : signature of solar influence or internal climate oscillations ?
  • Activité solaire ; Analyse statistique ; Années 1500-2000 ; Climat ; Cycle solaire ; Dendrochronologie ; Dendroclimatologie ; Dendrologie ; Finlande ; Paléoclimatologie ; Variabilité climatique
  • Climate ; Climatic variability ; Dendrochronology ; Dendroclimatology ; Dendrology ; Finland ; Palaeoclimatology ; Solar activity ; Solar cycle ; Statistical analysis
  • Statistical analysis of a multi-centennial dendrochronological proxy dataset of regional climate, constructed across the latitudinal gradient of 1000 km, was performed. It was shown that centennial (c. 100 year), tri-decadal (27-32 year), bi-decadal
  • (17-23 year) and decadal (9-13 year) periodicities governed the climate variability in Finland over the last five centuries. Despite the fact that many of the climatic periodicities bore great resemblance to periodicities of solar cycles, little
  • evidence of actual solar influence on Finnish climate was found.
  • 2008
  • Climate variability in Jordan
  • Années 1923-2000 ; Climat ; Homogénéité ; Jordanie ; Précipitation ; Série chronologique ; Température ; Tendance du climat ; Variabilité climatique
  • Climate ; Climatic trend ; Climatic variability ; Jordan ; Precipitation ; Temperature ; Time series
  • 2008
  • Climate and society in colonial Mexico : a study in vulnerability
  • Adaptation ; Climatic change ; Colonial period ; Environment ; Historical geography ; Impact ; Knowledge ; Mexico ; Society ; Vulnerability
  • This book examines the impact of climate change on colonial Mexico. By considering three case-study regions (Chihuahua's arid Conchos basin, the lush Oaxaca valley, and Guanajuato in the Bajio of Mexico) it offers insights into how different
  • societies articulate knowledge about climate and the environment, and how they respond to climatic variability. The study draws on Mexico's rich colonial archives and provides a historical perspectives on the complex relationship between climate
  • 2008
  • A new method of vegetation-climate classification in China
  • Bioclimatologie ; Cartographie ; Chine ; Classification ; Climat ; Indice ; Relation climat-végétation ; Taxonomie ; Végétation
  • Bioclimatology ; Cartography ; China ; Classification ; Climate ; Index ; Taxonomy ; Vegetation
  • 2008
  • Significant changes in the regional climate of the Aegean during 1961-2002
  • Années 1961-2002 ; Climat ; Climat régional ; Egée mer ; Grèce ; Température ; Tendance du climat ; Variation climatique
  • Aegean Sea ; Climate ; Climatic trend ; Climatic variation ; Greece ; Regional climate ; Temperature
  • 2008
  • Future trends of climatic belts and seasons in China
  • Analyse spatiale ; Changement climatique ; Changement global ; Chine ; Classification des climats ; Climat ; Prévision ; Siècle 21 ; Tendance du climat ; Variation spatiale
  • China ; Climate ; Climate classification ; Climatic change ; Climatic trend ; Forecast ; Global change ; Spatial analysis ; Spatial variation ; Twenty-first century
  • 2008
  • Clarifying climate confusion : addressing systemic holes, cognitive gaps, and misconceptions through climate literacy
  • Action anthropique ; Changement climatique ; Climat ; Concept ; Cycle du carbone ; Education ; Enseignement ; Etats-Unis ; Ozone
  • Carbon cycle ; Climate ; Climatic change ; Concept ; Education ; Human impact ; Ozone ; Teaching ; United States of America
  • While aggressive media, corporate, and political forces are often regarded as the primary cause of the public's climate confusion, a review of 5 decades of science education relating to climate in general and climate change in particular reveals
  • that basic climate science has not been well addressed in national and state education standards or science education curricula. Moreover, key misconceptions and misinformation are strongly held by students, teachers and public audiences. The AA. review
  • research on these misconceptions and call upon educators and communicators to addess systemic holes and pedagogical gaps with high-quality resources and professional development. The recently developed Essential Principles of Climate Literacy provides
  • an authoritative framework for educators and communicators to frame climate science. However, effective mental models to address misconceptions will need to be integral to the high-quality resources and professional development programs required to significantly
  • increase climate literacy throughout society.
  • 2008
  • Changes in climate extremes, variability and signature on sub-Antarctic Marion Island
  • Années 1949-2003 ; Antarctique ; Climat ; Extrême climatique ; Marion Island ; Précipitation ; Température ; Variabilité climatique ; Variation climatique
  • Antarctica ; Climate ; Climatic variability ; Climatic variation ; Precipitation ; Temperature
  • 2008
  • The role of narrative and geospatial visualization in fostering climate literate citizens
  • Changement climatique ; Climat ; Connaissance ; Donnée climatique ; Enseignement ; Etats-Unis ; Image satellite ; NASA ; NOAA ; Organisme de recherche ; Perception ; Télédétection
  • Climate ; Climatic change ; Climatic data ; Knowledge ; NOAA ; Perception ; Remote sensing ; Research organization ; Satellite imagery ; Teaching ; United States of America
  • In this paper, the AA. review current research about public awareness, understanding, and opinions about existing climate research. They also review several initiatives that the agencies (NASA and NOAA) have taken to help improve climate science
  • literacy. Their research coincides with other's findings in, suggesting that it is possible to improve climate science literacy and positive attitudes about modern climate research, via particular methods of communication. The AA. conclude with a call
  • for collaborators to work with NASA and NOAA in the assembly of a synergetic new climate science communication and education infrastructure. Addressing the problem sinergistically through transdisciplinary collaborations increases the potential for success while
  • enriching all those involved in climate literacy efforts.
  • 2008
  • [b1] NOAA/UCAR Climate Program Office National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Silver Spring, Etats-Unis
  • Recent forest limit changes in south-east Norway : effects of climate change or regrowth after abandoned utilisation ?
  • Biogeography ; Climatic change ; Forest ; Human impact ; Norway ; Scenario ; Tree line ; Vegetation dynamics ; Vegetation map
  • The forest limits of south-east Norway have expanded to higher altitudes. Two main processes are believed to cause these changes : regrowth after abandonment of human utilisation and recent climate changes. To separate the effects of these 2
  • processes, 4 datasets have been used : climate data, downscaled climate change scenario data, forest height growth, and 4 vegetation maps. The maps represent the years 1959 and 2001, potential natural vegetation (PNV), and a climate change scenario (CCS
  • ). The recent upper potential climatic and edaphic forest limit (UPCEFL) was used to define the potential for forest regrowth after the abandonment of human utilisation. Forest height growth and climate data were then used to analyse any supplementary effect
  • of recent climate change. The results show that raised forest limits and forest range expansion often attributed to recent climate change is rather the product of regrowth, a process that was climatically retarded from 1959 to 1995. For the period 1995-2006
  • , the data indicate a preliminary effect of climate change escalating the regrowth and probably pushing the future forest limits to higher altitudes.
  • 2008
  • Est-ce que le climat de Halle (Saale) est encore normal ? Considérations à partir des relevés de températures et de précipitations de 1851 à aujourd'hui.
  • Allemagne ; Changement climatique ; Climat ; Halle ; Historique ; Précipitation ; Relevé ; Région ; Sachsen-Anhalt ; Température
  • Climate ; Climatic change ; Germany ; Halle ; Historical account ; Precipitation ; Region ; Saxony-Anhalt ; Survey ; Temperature
  • The world-wide discussion about climate change and man-made contributions to it, which is presently going on among scientists and in the general public, raises interest in climate information on a regional scale. This is addressed here for the Halle
  • (Saale) region. Based on local temperature and precipitation data from 1851 until today, variations and trends in these climate factors are analysed to assess, if there are signs for a change in the regional climate. - (IfL)
  • 2008
  • Some features of Trieste climate from an eighteenth century diary (1732-1749)
  • Climat ; Climat historique ; Friuli-Venezia Giulia ; Italie ; Précipitation ; Reconstitution climatique ; Régime pluviométrique ; Siècle 18 ; Température ; Trieste
  • Climate ; Climate reconstruction ; Eighteenth Century ; Friuli-Venezia Giulia ; Historical climate ; Italy ; Precipitation ; Rainfall regime ; Temperature ; Trieste
  • Le Journal rédigé par A. Scussa permet une reconstitution qualitative et quantitative du climat de Trieste, que la comparaison avec les observations faites à Padoue permet d'estimer assez fidèle, en dehors de quelques mois posant problème. Le régime
  • 2008