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  • The greenhouse effect: a closer look
  • Atmosphere ; Climatic change ; Cloud ; Global change ; Greenhouse effect ; Human impact ; Impact ; Knowledge ; Water vapor
  • 2011
  • Climatic change ; Climatology ; Environment ; Environmental management ; Governance ; Greenhouse effect ; Impact ; Ireland ; Legislation
  • Global greenhouse gas concentrations continue to rise even though there are binding international agreements and national commitments for emission reductions. While some states and local governments around the world aretaking action to reduce
  • , with a significant gap at the sub-national level. This research explores whether city and county councils are the lowest most effective level for climate change actions in Ireland through a nationwide survey and a review of all relevant government policies at local
  • 2011
  • Carbon ; Carbon market ; Climatic change ; Deforestation ; Environment ; Environmental management ; Greenhouse effect ; Laos ; Plant cover ; Preventive measure ; Remote sensing ; Satellite imagery ; Spatial analysis ; Tropical zone
  • showed that more than half (52%) of carbon stock of Laos is stored in natural forests, but that 70% of this stock is located outside of national protected areas. It is suggested that the main focus of Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Deforestation
  • 2011
  • Atmosphere ; Greenhouse effect ; Model ; Radiation balance ; Temperature ; Temperature gradient
  • 2011
  • Atmospheric pollution ; Climatic change ; Environmental conservation ; Greenhouse effect ; Japan ; Local authority ; Management
  • 2011
  • Arctic Region ; Climate oscillation ; Climatic change ; Climatic cooling ; Climatology ; Greenhouse effect ; Human impact ; Ice content ; Natural disturbance ; Thermal regime
  • 2011
  • China ; Energy ; Energy consumption ; Energy savings ; Form of transport ; Greenhouse effect ; Tourism ; Tourism industry ; Tourist flow ; Tourist site
  • 2011
  • Climatic change ; Energy ; Energy consumption ; Environment ; Greenhouse effect ; Mobility ; Policy ; Pollution control ; Research ; Territorial planning ; Urban migration
  • 2011
  • Aerosol ; Atmospheric pollution ; Carbon dioxide ; Climatic warming ; Energy ; Fuel ; Greenhouse effect ; Human impact ; World
  • 2011
  • Absorption ; Air mass ; Atmosphere ; Carbon dioxide ; Climatic anomaly ; Diffusion ; Greenhouse effect ; Methane ; Nitrous oxide ; Radiation ; Soil temperature ; Spectroscopy ; Water vapor ; World
  • 2011
  • Biofuel ; Energy consumption ; England ; Greenhouse effect ; India ; London ; Suburbanization ; Sustainable development ; Transport ; Transport policy ; United Kingdom ; Urban area ; Urbanization
  • 2011
  • Effects of stream channel morphology, transport processes and effective discharge on salmonid spawning habitats
  • The effects of stream channel morphology, transport processes and effective discharge on the salmonid spawning habitats of Thymallus thymallus and Salmo trutta ff. were investigated within the catchment of the Gr. Mühl River, Austria. Based on field
  • discharge and critical shear stress revealed differences in the threshold of sediment motion due to the specific grain size sorting of the surface layer, which was dominated by cobbles and sand. The results show that the effective discharge for spawning
  • 2011
  • The paper investigates the connection between economic agglomeration and trade patterns within the U.S. at the industry level. On the consumption side, industry is shown to be connected to consumption agglomeration effects, while on the production
  • side, industry is shown to be connected to production agglomeration and specialization effects. Industry structures play an important role in the determination and magnitude of these effects.
  • 2011
  • The effect of income taxes on interstate migration : an analysis by age and race
  • Age group ; Decision ; Elderly people ; Income ; Induced effect ; Internal migration ; Interregional migration ; Taxation system ; United States of America ; Well-being
  • Income taxes have an effect on migration for most races and age groups. Individuals move from states with high income taxes to states with low income taxes. These results corroborate the results obtained from the use of aggregate, state-level data
  • 2011
  • The article introduces a method when assessing the degree of similarity between two objects that are represented by a set of two-dimensional landmarks. One possible weighting scheme is suggested, and the effect of weighting is demonstrated through
  • a face-matching application. Appropriate weighting increases the ability to correctly match two faces and weighting has the largest effect when used with a projective transformation.
  • 2011
  • Cover crops and their erosion-reducing effects during concentrated flow erosion
  • Cover crops are a very effective erosion control and environmental conservation technique. When cover crops freeze at the beginning of the winter period, the above-ground biomass becomes less effective in protecting the soil from water erosion
  • , but roots can still play an important role in improving soil strength. Therefore, root density distribution with soil depth and the erosion-reducing effect of these cover crops during concentrated flow erosion were assessed by conducting root auger
  • measurements and controlled concentrated flow experiments with 0.1 m topsoil samples. The results indicate that fine-branched roots are most effective in preventing concentrated flow erosion. After frost, the erosion-reducing potential of some species decreased
  • 2011
  • Suitability of terrestrial laser scanning for studying surface roughness effects on concentrated flow erosion processes in rangelands
  • To test the suitability of terrestrial laser scanning for studying surface roughness effects on erosion processes in rangelands, The AA. used concentrated flow simulation techniques at 8.5 m2 plots that were randomly placed at rangeland sites
  • and entire plot were negatively correlated with concentrated flow erosion. Adjusting locRMSH for slope effects decreased the strength of the locRMSH–erosion relationship. The results indicate that TLS is a useful tool to enhance the current understanding
  • of the effect of surface roughness on overland flow erosion processes and advance hydrologic and erosion model parameter development.
  • 2011
  • Computation of anti-erosion effects of vineyards based on field erosion measurement : case study from Vráble viticultural district (Slovakia)
  • This paper describes the evaluation of the anti-erosion effect of vineyards, represented by the universal soil loss equation (usle), cover-management factor (c factor), and support practice factor (P factor). The calculations are based on measured
  • 2011
  • Vegetated filter effects on sedimentological connectivity of agricultural catchments in erosion modelling : a review
  • and modelling aspects; and second, to critically review how present-daywater erosion models take anthropogenic structure (including vegetated filter) effects into account.
  • 2011
  • Silver bullet or Trojan horse ? The effects of inclusionary zoning on local housing markets in the United States
  • Boston ; Housing ; Housing cost ; Housing market ; Induced effect ; Land use ; Regulation ; San Francisco ; United States of America ; Urban area ; Zoning
  • 2011