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PORTAIL D'INFORMATION GÉOGRAPHIQUE

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  • A new geographical language : A perspective of GIS
  • Conceptual model ; Epistemology ; Geographical information system ; Geographical language ; Geography ; Ontology
  • The GIS language is the highest-level geographical language developed to date, integrating semantic definitions, feature extraction, geographical dynamic representation and spatio-temporal factors and unifying the computation of geographical
  • -environments. Construction of the conceptual model and scientific systems of the GIS language will promote the development of the disciplines of geography and geographical information sciences. Therefore, this paper investigates the prospects of the GIS
  • language from the perspectives of digital technology, geographical norms, geographical modeling and the disciplinary development of geography.
  • 2014
  • [b1] Key lab. of Virtual Geographic Environment, Ministry of Education, Normal Univ., Nanjing, Chine
  • Making their own futures? Research change and diversity amongst contemporary British human geographers
  • Connaissance ; Enseignement supérieur ; Géographe ; Géographie humaine ; Interdisciplinarité ; Politique de la recherche ; Recherche ; Recherche géographique ; Royaume-Uni
  • Geographer ; Geographic research ; Higher education ; Human geography ; Inter-disciplinary approach ; Knowledge ; Research ; United Kingdom
  • The paper discusses a survey of British academic human geographers enquiring about change and diversification within personal research activities, their nature, motivations and impacts. The findings highlight the range of motivations underpinning
  • research change, its impacts and mediation through the institutional context of British human geography. It concludes that despite a more prescriptive institutional context geographers have a degree of autonomy, albeit somewhat fettered, to shape their own
  • 2014
  • Discourse ; Geographical imagination ; Justice ; Land ; Middle East ; Palestine ; Political geography ; Regulation ; Twentieth Century
  • In the first part of the paper, the A. presents popular understandings of and discourses about justice through two premises. The first one is that they depend on the geographical and historical frames – geographical imaginaries – through which we
  • understand the world; the second is that understandings of justice (including both abstract ideas and geographical imaginaries) are deeply historical and social. He then demonstrates the historical and social geographical imaginaries to assessments of justice
  • by examining the discourse surrounding the controversial 1940 Land Transfer Regulations in Palestine. A close look at the positions of each side reveals that their differences lay not in their abstract principles of justice but in the geographical imaginaries
  • 2014
  • Hegel’s geographical thought
  • Dialectics ; Geographical thought ; Historical geography ; Nineteenth Century ; Philosophy ; Physical geography ; Social geography ; Twentieth Century
  • This paper sketches out the contours of the philosopher G W F Hegel’s geographical thought. After reviewing geographers’ remarks on Hegel, it briefly discusses his social ties with his contemporaries Carl Ritter and Alexander von Humboldt to provide
  • some biographical and intellectual context for the discussion that follows. It then addresses the three primary geographical facets of Hegel’s work, namely his concept of ‘space’, his understanding of physical geography and its relation to race
  • 2014
  • Academic jet-setting in a time of climate destabilization : ecological privilege and professional geographic travel
  • Changement climatique ; Climat ; Conférence ; Ecologie appliquée ; Empreinte écologique ; Etats-Unis ; Géographe ; Mobilité ; Privilège écologique ; Réchauffement climatique ; Seattle ; Vol par avion ; Washington State
  • Applied ecology ; Climate ; Climatic change ; Climatic warming ; Ecological footprint ; Geographer ; Mobility ; Seattle ; United States of America ; Washington State
  • This article examines academic jet-setting in a time of climate destabilization associated with professional geographic travel through the concepts of ecological privilege and dys-ecologism. To illustrate this, it measures the flight-related
  • ecological footprint of the 2011 annual meeting of the Association of American Geographers (AAG) in Seattle, Washington. It thus highlights the importance of scrutinizing the complex and dynamic interrelationships among consumption; associated socioecological
  • 2014
  • The new political economy of geographical intelligence
  • Army ; Economy ; Forecast ; Geographical information system ; Knowledge ; Location ; Political economy ; Private sector ; Spatial analysis ; Sub-contracting ; United States of America
  • This article first describes the geography intelligence “contracting nexus” consisting of tens of thousands of companies (including those in the geographical information systems and mapping sector), universities and nonprofits receiving Department
  • of Defense and intelligence agency funding. Second, it discusses the “knowledge nexus” to conceptualize how geographical knowledge figures in current U.S. intelligence efforts, themselves part of the U.S. war on terror and counterinsurgency. It notes a shift
  • from an emphasis on areal and cultural expertise to a focus on calculative predictive spatial analysis in geographical intelligence.
  • 2014
  • Asie centrale ; Biographie ; Exploration ; Géographe ; Hongrie ; Route de la soie ; STEIN (M.A.) ; Siècle 20
  • Biography ; Central Asia ; Exploration ; Geographer ; Hungary ; Twentieth Century
  • Sir Marc Aurel Stein, the archaeologist-explorer, whose name became inseparable from the history of the Silk Road, passed away 70 years ago. Although he was not a trained geographer, his contribution to the cartography, historical geography
  • focuses on his ties to outstanding Hungarian geographers, especially to Lajos Lóczy, the Hungarian Geographical Society and the reception his work enjoys nowadays. - (AM)
  • 2014
  • Block, neighbourhood or district ? the importance of geographical scale for area effects on educational attainment
  • This study examines adolescent development, with educational attainment as the dependent variable. It further addresses contextual effects that emerge at different intra-urban geographical scales by exploring spatial effects at block, neighbourhood
  • and district level in Oslo, Norway. The results reveal significant effects on the youth's future educational attainment at all geographical levels and for all tested measures of social and demographic area composition. They also show that the highest
  • geographical level (district) has the strongest effect. This surprising result is tentatively interpreted to emerge from a combination of three interwoven mechanisms: the youths' extended activity spaces and social interactions, the institutional aspects
  • 2014
  • Ht-Index for quantifying the fractal or scaling structure of geographic features
  • This article uses the ht-index to quantify the fractal or scaling structure of geographic features. It chooses nightlight imagery and terrain heights for the first two case studies and uses degree of street connectivity for the third case study
  • to illustrate how the computed ht-indexes capture the complexity of different geographic features. It further discusses how ht-index is complementary to fractal dimension and elaborate on a dynamic view behind ht-index that enables better understanding
  • of geographic forms and processes.
  • 2014
  • Web presence of academic geographers : a generational divide?
  • Communication ; Geographic research ; Internet ; Knowledge economy ; Neo liberalism ; Students ; Teacher ; Teaching of geography ; University
  • In this article, the Web practices of academic geographers are examined through an Internet-based survey, to better understand how these geographers both present themselves through the Internet and perceive the importance of such practices around
  • 2014
  • Emerging frontiers, challenges and changing professional avenues for geographers in the contemporary world
  • Changement global ; Débouché professionnel ; Géographie humaine ; Géographie physique ; Histoire de la géographie ; Monde ; Pratique de la géographie ; Rôle du géographe ; Savoir géographique ; Union Géographique Internationale
  • Geographer's role ; Geographical knowkedge ; Global change ; History of geography ; Human geography ; International Geographical Union ; Job opportunity ; Physical geography ; Practice of geography ; World
  • interagissent entre elles et quels sont les facteurs de leur distribution. Un géographe idéal possède des compétences analytiques scientifiques et sociales. La géographie représente un pont entre les sciences humaines et physiques. Au début, elle s’est
  • 2014
  • Demand ; Distance ; Economy ; Facilities ; Geographical information system ; Location ; Regional analysis
  • is proposed that is integrated through geographical information system (GIS) functionality. Empirical results highlight the advantages of the developed approach and the importance of solution integration with GIS.
  • 2014
  • [b1] GeoDa Center for Geospatial Analysis and Computation, School of Geographical Sciences and Urban Planning, Arizona State Univ., Tempe, Etats-Unis
  • Development : geographical perspectives on a contested concept
  • Introduction aux trois approches principales que les géographes ont utilisées à propos du concept de développement : la modernisation, l'analyse marxiste et le poststructuralisme. Le Malawi est pris comme étude de cas pour mettre en évidence la
  • 2014
  • Geographical mobility and potential wage gain of immigrants within Spain
  • This article examines the geographical mobility and potential wage gain of immigrants within Spain. First, it studies the determinants of such a mobility and, second, analyses estimates of an individual's opportunity wage as a mover or a stayer
  • 2014
  • Différence d'âge ; Entretien semi-structuré ; Femme ; Genre ; Géographe ; Géographie sociale ; Identité ; Masculinité ; Positionnalité ; Recherche
  • Gender ; Geographer ; Identity ; Masculinity ; Positionality ; Research ; Social geography ; Woman
  • experiences, this research outlines the need for explicit critical attention by geographers to the influence of the fluid intersectional identities of the researcher and researched on research experiences in the field and research outcomes.
  • 2014
  • Geographical representations : the role of the military in the development of contemporary Chilean geography
  • Armée ; Cartographie ; Chili ; Démilitarisation ; Etat-nation ; Géographie ; Géographie militaire ; Géopolitique ; Perception ; Représentation cartographique ; Rôle du géographe
  • Army ; Cartographic display ; Cartography ; Chile ; Geographer's role ; Geography ; Geopolitics ; Military geography ; Nation-state ; Perception
  • 2014
  • Ecogéographie ; France ; Géographe ; Géographie appliquée ; Géomorphologie ; TRICART (J.)
  • Applied geography ; Ecogeography ; France ; Geographer ; Geomorphology
  • geographical environments, and on the detailed recording of landforms through geomorphological mapping. Spending the whole of his professorial career at Strasbourg, he established an innovative centre for applied geography that used geographical knowledge
  • 2014
  • Geographical thought ; Post-structuralism ; Power ; Space ; Spatiality ; Theory ; Topography ; Topology
  • On fait le point sur la manière dont les géographes pensent topologiquement l'espace et le pouvoir. Ils ont mis en avant les mérites conceptuels de la topologie, au détriment de la réflexion sur l'espace. On montre comment la topologie, avec son
  • bagage structuraliste et moderniste, exige que les géographes post-structuralistes apportent quelques modifications théoriques. Le but n'est pas de consolider une approche topologique spécifique pour les géographes, mais d'inviter à considérer ce que la
  • 2014
  • Geographically weighted colocation quotients : specification and application
  • The AA. analyse geographically weighted colocation quotients through specification and application. Firstly, they generaliseLeslie and Kronenfeld's global measure as well as specify a local counterpart for each global statistic using two different
  • types of spatial filters : fixed and adaptive. These geographically weighted colocation quotients are applied to the spatial distribution of housing types to demonstrate their utility and interpretation.
  • 2014
  • Disabilities in academic workplaces : experiences of human and physical geographers
  • This article analyses disabilities in British academic workplaces and how they intersect with academic careers, lifestyles and workplaces. First, it discusses the experiences of those geographers who are active and politicised in relation
  • to their disabilities, and have worked to effect inclusionary change in their institutional and disciplinary spaces. Second, it highlights the experiences of geographers with mental health conditions that are undisclosed in workplace contexts. It concludes
  • 2014