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  • Genesis of grey forest soils
  • Linear forest patterns in subalpine environments
  • Biogeography ; Ecotone ; Forest ; Linear forest ; Mountain ; Self-organizing behaviour ; Subalpine area ; Wind
  • Roughly linear forest patches are common in subalpine environments, including hedges, ribbon forest, and Shimagare or wave regenerated forests (waves). The influence of wind is common among these patterns, but the role of positive feedback, the most
  • important component of self-organization in biological systems varies. Hedges and waves can develop endogenously with a constant wind, and so can be considered self-organizing. Most ribbon forests seem to be dominated by exogenous forces.
  • Assessing forest decline in coniferous forests of Vermont using NS - 001 Thematic Mapper Simulator data
  • Evaluates potential of measuring/mapping forest decline in spruce-fir forest using TM simulator data. TMS ratios of 1.65/1.23 and 1.65/0.83 micro-m bands are found to be strongly correlated with ground-based measurements of forest damage. Ratio
  • colour density slice images using these band ratios and images using 0.56 micro-m and 1.65 micro-m bands provide means of detecting, quantifying and mapping levels of forest decline. - (CB)
  • Windgeschwindigkeit als Verstärkungsfaktor für Rauchschäden im Wald in Abhängigkeit von Waldaufbau und Relief. (The wind velocity as a factor increasing the smoke damages in forests and their dependence on structure of the forest and relief
  • High wind velocities increase smoke damage in forests. Measures against smoke damage in forests include the investigation of the influence of forest structure and relief on the wind velocity. The forest structure under investigation is step-shaped
  • Sheep grazing in national forest wilderness : a new look at an old fight
  • Environment ; Environmental management ; Forest ; Mountain ; Nature conservation ; Pastureland ; Sheep ; United States of America ; Wyoming
  • Review of the struggle between the livestock industry, environmentalists, and the US Forest Service to control how national forests and their resources are used. In the arid West forage, not the ragged forests of lodgpole pine, spruce, and fir, has
  • been the commodity harvested from the national forests. In the summer the ranchers in range states such as Wyoming rely heavily on these forests. A. reviews the situation in the bridger Wilderness. - (SLD)
  • Aldo Leopold and stewardship : lessons for forest planning and management in the Nordic countries ?
  • Europe ; Forest ; Forest resources ; Forestry ; Landscape esthetics ; Place ; Resource management ; Scandinavia
  • The article presents some key aspects of A. Leopold's thinking that are of relevance for forest stewardship, and discusses these in relation to key forest stewardship trends in a Nordic forestry context. In the tradition, forest management
  • and planning are deeply rooted in local management practice carried out by official local supervisors in cooperation with forest owners and other stakeholders. Today's post-modern forestry includes complex multi-valued forest situations on different scales
  • , which are even more complex and challenging to manage than the more utilitarian historical forest was.
  • [b2] Dept. of Forest Ecology, Univ., Helsinki, Finlande
  • Unravelling property relations around forest carbon
  • Cambodia ; Carbon economy ; Forest ; Forest resources ; Land ; Landed property ; Papua New Guinea ; Philippines ; Resource management
  • Using examples from Cambodia, the Philippines and Papua New Guinea, the AA. examine the property negotiations underpinning the new forest carbon economy. They show that the institutions and land use negotiations needed to produce forest carbon
  • interact with existing property claims over land and forests. Claims to forest carbon are complicated by ambiguities and complexities surrounding rights to forested land. It creates an unstable basis for forest carbon markets and raises questions about
  • future access to forested land.
  • Forest cover monitoring using satellite imagery
  • India's forests have been continuously declining in recent years due to various reasons. The satellite technology has the potential to form a basis for a monitoring system of forest cover at the national level. - (PLK)
  • Tropical rain forests
  • The following review (1987-1989) covers seven areas of study : microclimate, climate and vegetation change| hydrology| mineral nutrition| forest structure| forest regeneration| herbivory| conservation.
  • An investigation of forest microclimate : the Pasoh Forest Reserve, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia
  • Fir tree ; Forest ; Forest resources ; Forestry ; Nepal ; Resource management
  • Internal dynamics of the fir forest make a steady flow of Abies spectabilis timber in Nepalese village forests impossible to sustain. Management practices exacerbate the problem. Alternative management options are presented.―(DWG)
  • Human impact on a natural montane forest in southeastern Ethiopia
  • Deforestation ; Ethiopia ; Forest ; Human impact ; Mountain ; Nature conservation ; Wood
  • The A. assesses the decline of the forest around Fora Ades in Harerge region through human impact and the dilemma posed by its preservation and needs of local people.―(DWG)
  • Estate planning for nonindustrial forest owners
  • This paper presents research results on the interaction of business form, funding technique, and forest management on federal income and estate tax liabilities of private non industrial forest owners.
  • Monitoring of forests in the Czech Republic
  • Climate and atmospheric deposition studies in forests. International Conference
  • Applied ecology ; Czech Republic ; Dendrology ; Environmental management ; Forest ; Pine ; Pollution ; Quantitative ecology ; Spruce
  • The terrestrial monitoring of forests in the Czech Republic is based on the harmonized methodology of International Co-operative Programme on Assessment and Monitoring of Air Pollution Effects on Forests (UNEP/ECE) and consists of three parts
  • : (a) national network of permanent monitoring plots (16 x 16 km), (b) regional intensive monitoring (network 1 x 1 km in selected areas), (c) set of permanent research plots established for the purposes of forest inventory and management planning. - (L'A.).
  • Forest development on Rakata, Panjang and Sertung : contemporary dynamics (1979-1989)
  • Biogeography ; Forest ; Indonesia ; Island ; Multivariate analysis ; Vegetation dynamics ; Volcanic eruption ; Volcanism
  • Ten years of quantitative studies of forests on Krakatau demonstrate the vegetational difference resulting from multiple successional pathways. Multivariate analysis of the forest data indicates strong statistical separation of forest types within
  • and between the islands. Current rates of forest growth and change within the Krakatau islands are found to vary considerably. Results and discussion.
  • Forest condition and forest damages. Contribution of remote sensing to different approaches
  • Degradation ; Forest ; Germany ; Global change ; Inventory ; Methodology ; Photointerpretation ; Pollution ; Remote sensing
  • The development of inventory activities in the field of forest damage assessment and monitoring during the last decade in Germany and the present state are recorded as far as remote sensing has been involved. Any forest inventory is influenced
  • Third World meets First World in the West Coast region of the South Island : possum hunting and the role of social forestry in indigenous forest management
  • Environment ; Fauna ; Forest ; Forest resources ; Forestry ; New Zealand ; Resource management ; South Island
  • The radical change in forest policy has profound implications for the West Coast, and an alternative to the conventional forest management framework is required which recognises the Government's desire to protect the indigenous forest cover, yet
  • The Russian forest sector: production, consumption, and export prospects
  • Consumption ; Economic potential ; Export ; Forest policy ; Forest resources ; Forestry ; Logging ; Production ; Russia ; Stand treatment ; Wood
  • This sector is described at the country level of detail, including a description of the growth of the forest resource over time and of the historical utilization of the forest resource, with a focus on the shares of output allocated for domestic
  • consumption and for export. The resource available for the future then is presented in terms of economic accessibility. Longer- term export opportunities are identified using a scenario analysis generated by the Russian Forest Sector Assessment Model.
  • Forest protection in the Caraballo Sur, Northern Philippines
  • Environment ; Forest ; Nature conservation ; Philippines ; Resource management ; Rural community
  • Article presents a case of how an indigenous people can be empowered to ensure the survival of the forest on which they, in part, depend. In 1974, the Ikalahan/Kalanguya community in the Caraballo Sur Mountains of the Northern Philippines negotiated
  • an agreement with the state that gave them authority over ancestral forest lands. The resulting community-enforced rules have protected the forest and sanctions have made rule breakers make amends to the forest and to the community. - (SLD)
  • Effect of fire on soil, rice, weeds and forest regrowth in a rain forest zone (Côte d'Ivoire)
  • Agricultural practice ; Agropedology ; Fire ; Forest ; Geochemistry ; Ivory Coast ; Rice ; Soil ; Soil properties
  • Forest, soil, rice, weeds and regrowth were studied in the fields off local farmers in permanent plots during 2-5 years. The fields covered all currently cultivated soil types and forest types. This study is concerned with the full shifting