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  • Fire history of a ponderosa pine/Douglas fir forest in the Colorado front range
  • Biogeography ; Colorado ; Dating ; Fire ; Forest ; Forestry ; Mountain ; United States
  • The main objectives of this study are : 1) to characterize the fire regime of an area of montane forest in the Colorado Front Range; and 2) to compare the utility of the different methods of dating fires in these forests.
  • Climate change and boreal forest fires in Fennoscandia and central Canada
  • Canada ; Climatic variation ; Cold area ; Europe ; Forest ; Forest fire ; Impact ; Landscape ; Ontario ; Scandinavia
  • This paper's hypothesis is that, just as summer climate warming in Canada has produced dramatic increases in the number and total area of forest fires, so tool will any increase in summer temperatures in Fennoscandia. If this is so, complacency
  • concerning the current low level of forest fires in Fennoscandia is misplaced. Likewise, temporal variations in forest have induced important changes in Canadian landscapes, and the same may be true of Fennoscandia if increased forest fire occurrence
  • Fire history and tree recruitment in an uncut New England forest
  • Biogeography ; Dating ; Dendrology ; Drought ; Fire ; Forest ; New England ; Pine ; United States of America
  • This paper describes the fire history of the Battell Research Forest (BRF), in Vermont, recorded by the age distributions of living and dead trees and by fire scars. The results illustrate a fire cycle that has controlled the recruitment
  • and mortality of most pine and probably most hemlock trees in this forest over the past 500 yr.
  • Spatial patterns of fire occurrence in the central Appalachian Mountains and implications for wildland fire management
  • Appalachian Mountains ; Ecosystem ; Environmental management ; Forest ; Forest fire ; Forestry ; Human impact ; Resource management ; Seasonality ; Spatial variation ; United States of America ; Virginia
  • The AA. investigate spatial variations in the incidence of anthropogenic and natural (lightning-ignited) fire in the central Appalachian Mountains of Virginia and West Virginia using a record of wildland fires that occurred on federal lands between
  • 1970 and 2003. A consideration of spatial variability in wildland fire is important for allocating fire-suppression resources and for informing resource managers who use naturally ignited wildland fires or prescribed fires in ecological restoration
  • efforts and fuel reduction treatments. The AA. compare ignition density, maximum fire size, and fire cycle in the 3 physiographic provinces of this region.
  • Fire weather in Israel - Synoptic climatological analysis
  • Applied climatology ; Forest fire ; Israel ; Mediterranean area ; Moisture ; Natural hazards ; Spatial distribution ; Synoptic climatology ; Temperature ; Wind
  • This study analyzes the characteristics of fire weather in Israel throughout the years 1987-1995. The objectives are to study the different synoptic situations during forest fires and their relationship to the temporal and spatial distribution
  • of the fires, and to analyze the weather conditions during the fire days and their correlation with the expansion of the fires.
  • The forest fires in Indonesia 1997-98 : possible causes and pervasive consequences
  • Biodiversity ; Drought ; Ecosystem ; El Niño ; Forest ; Forest fire ; Health ; Human impact ; Impact ; Indonesia ; Monsoon ; Pollution ; Tropical rain forest
  • The recent (September 1997 to June 1998) forest fires in Indonesia represent an unprecedented ecological disaster. This article describes recent events, evaluates the possible natural and human causes of the fires, and surveys the possible
  • Current approaches to modelling the spread of wildland fire : a review
  • Ecosystem ; Environmental management ; Forecast ; Forest fire ; Geographical information system ; Model ; Remote sensing
  • This article reviews some of the important trends in modelling fire behaviour and the likely directions of future research. A consideration of such fire behaviour models is important because they form the basis of many contemporary fire and resource
  • management models. Fire spread models may be divided into 2 broad classes : those concerned with the quantification of fire behaviour through the prediction of parameters such as rate of spread and fireline intensity, and those concerned with the prediction
  • of the final shape of a fire event. Both types are considered and also the potential applications of GIS and remote sensing technologies.
  • Fire severity, water repellency characteristics and hydrogeomorphological changes following the Christmas 2001 Sydney forest fires
  • Australia ; Comparative study ; Forest ; Forest fire ; New South Wales ; Remote sensing ; SPOT ; Soil erosion ; Soil properties ; Soil water ; Sydney ; Water quality ; Watershed
  • For 2 sub-catchments with differences in fire severities in Nattai National Park, south-west of Sydney, this paper considers : 1) the links between fire severity based on SPOT image analysis and ground observations of fire severity and repellency; 2
  • ) the textural and organic/minerogenic characteristics of eroded sediment; and 3) erodibility, erosion and deposition of soils in both catchments. The fire did not trigger major geomorphological change in the study area, but fires probably cause important topsoil
  • The contemporary fire regime of the central Appalachian Mountains and its relation to climate
  • Appalachian Mountains ; Drought ; Fire ; Forest ; Forest fire ; Human impact ; Mountain ; Natural hazards ; United States of America ; Vegetation dynamics ; Virginia
  • This paper uses records of wildland fire to investigate the contemporary fire regime on federal lands in the central Appalachian Mountains of Virginia and West Virginia. During the study period (1970-2003), 1557 anthropogenic fires and 344 natural
  • fires occurred on these lands. Anthropogenic fires burned more area than natural fires and consequently they had a shorter fire cycle. The dry conditions of spring and fall were especially favorable for burning. Moreover, on an interannual level, drought
  • had a strong influence on the amount of fire activity.
  • The effects of fire and water repellency on infiltration and runoff under mediterranean type forest
  • Catalonia ; Fire ; Flow ; Forest ; Forest fire ; Hydrology ; Infiltration ; Mediterranean area;Mediterranean region ; Rainfall simulation ; Simulation ; Slope gradient ; Soil erosion ; Spain
  • Relationships between forest fire and hill-slope hydrology in the Selva region of Catalonia are studied. This paper summarises the results of about 150 rainfall simulation experiments and presents an overview of work carried out so far.
  • Tropical fire ecology
  • Ecology ; Environmental management ; Fire ; Forest ; Forest fire ; Impact ; Savanna ; Tropical rain forest ; Tropical zone
  • Reconstruction of the long-term fire history of an old-growth deciduous forest in Southern Québec, Canada, from charred wood in mineral soils
  • C 14 dating ; Canada ; Charcoal ; Deciduous forest ; Forest ; Forest fire ; Holocene ; Palaeo-ecology ; Palaeo-environment ; Quebec ; Vegetation dynamics
  • analyzed to reconstruct the long-term fire history of an old-growth deciduous forest in southern Québec. AMS radiocarbon dates from 16 charcoal fragments indicated that forest fires were widespread during the early Holocene, whereas no fires were recorded
  • The AA. used botanically identified and radiocarbon-dated charcoal macrofossils in mineral soils as a paleoecological tool to reconstruct past fire activity at the stand scale. Charcoal macrofossils buried in podzolic soils by tree uprooting were
  • Fire history of mixed-conifer forests on the North Rim, Grand Canyon National Park, Arizona
  • Altitude ; Arizona ; Biogeography ; Canyon ; Dendrochronology ; Dendrology ; Ecotone ; Forest ; Forest fire ; Historical geography ; United States of America ; Vegetation dynamics
  • This study uses dendrochronology and historical fire records to determine the fire history of mixed-conifer forests along an elevation and temporal gradient. The research constitutes a component of a broader mixed-conifer project that investigates
  • disturbance and age structure by elevation over time on the North Rim of the Grand Canyon National Park in Arizona. Specifically, long-term fire histories were reconstructed in order to compare fire frequency during 3 eras : pre-Euro-American settlement (prior
  • to 1870), settlement (1870-1919), and fire suppression (1920-1995), and for 3 elevation zones.
  • Fire : plant functional types and patch mosaic burning in fire-prone ecosystems
  • Biodiversity ; Biogeography ; Boreal area ; Conifer ; Ecosystem ; Environmental management ; Fire ; Forest ; Heathland ; Impact ; Mediterranean area ; Mountain ; Savanna ; Scrub ; Taxonomy ; Vegetation
  • diversity. The fire-prone ecosystems of mediterranean-type shrublands and heathlands, savannas and grasslands, and boreal and other coniferous forests are the main geographic focus of the paper.
  • The focus of this paper is on the occurrence of fire in fire-prone ecosystems, in which plant species have evolved fire-survival and/or fire-persistence traits that may even be necessary for the continued existence of the vegetation community
  • Runoff and erosion processes after a forest fire in Mount Carmel, a mediterranean area
  • Forest fire ; Israel ; Mediterranean area ; Mountain ; Rill wash ; Sediment budget ; Soil erosion ; Water erosion
  • In the mediterranean forest area of Israel, fires increase runoff and sediment yield rates relative to undisturbed forested land. This study aims to : 1) determine the rates of water runoff and sediment yield from burnt slope sites, related
  • Effect of fire on soil, rice, weeds and forest regrowth in a rain forest zone (Côte d'Ivoire)
  • Agricultural practice ; Agropedology ; Fire ; Forest ; Geochemistry ; Ivory Coast ; Rice ; Soil ; Soil properties
  • Forest, soil, rice, weeds and regrowth were studied in the fields off local farmers in permanent plots during 2-5 years. The fields covered all currently cultivated soil types and forest types. This study is concerned with the full shifting
  • The stratigraphy and fire history of the Kutai peatlands, Kalimantan, Indonesia
  • Charcoal ; Fire ; Forest ; Holocene ; Indonesia ; Kalimantan ; Palaeo-ecology ; Palaeolimnology ; Palynology ; Peat bog ; Pollen diagram ; Quaternary ; Stratigraphy
  • of the peat in the Kutai lies below the regional water table and is not at risk, however, forest and peat regrowth will be impacted by repeated fires. The limited pollen data for recovery after past fire events suggest that post-fire forest regeneration
  • This paper reports preliminary observations on the stratigraphy and fire history of the peat, supported by limited palynology and dating. Historical fires are associated with extreme El Niño yrs of drought, but human agency is important. The bulk
  • Analysis of fire events and controlling factors in eastern India using spatial scan and multivariate statistics
  • Biogeography ; Deciduous forest ; Environmental management ; Fire ; Forest ; India ; Multivariate analysis ; Natural hazards ; Orissa ; Remote sensing ; Satellite imagery
  • The aim of this study is to characterize spatio-temporal characteristics of fire events in Orissa state, eastern India. In this study, ATSR satellite remote sensing data have been used to quantify fire events from 1997 to 2006. The spatial scan
  • statistic that quantifies hotspot areas of fire risk has been used to identify statistically significant fire clusters during the ten-year time period. To assess the causative factors of fires, topographic, vegetation, climatic, anthropogenic
  • and accessibility factors were used in a multivariate statistical framework. Results suggested a clear variation in hotspots of fire occurences among districts.
  • Modelling wild fires in the mediterranean region : a geographical tool for monitoring the problem. A case study for Southwest-Messinia (Peloponnese, Greece)
  • Fire ; Forest fire ; Geographical information system ; Greece ; Mediterranean area ; Model ; Natural hazards ; Peloponnese ; Remote sensing ; Statistics ; Thematic map ; Years 1980-89 ; Years 1990-99
  • The aim of this study is to model the wild fire behaviour in the Eparchy of Pylias (Southwest-Messinia, Greece), and more specific to acquire more knowledge about the wild fires control problem as it concerns the fire frequency and the possibility
  • of fire spreading. A hazard model is set up based upon a combination of remote sensing techniques and a GIS. A multi source data is used, comprising cartographic documents, meteorological data, satellite imagery and statistical information about the fire
  • history of the region (1978-1996). A thematic study is performed for each of the controlling factors and a hazard map for fire occurrence is obtained.
  • Fire impacts on soil nutrients and soil erosion in a Mediterranean pine forest plantation
  • Ecosystem ; Fire ; Forest ; Israel ; Rill wash;Runoff ; Soil ; Soil erosion ; Soil properties ; Soil science
  • wildfire at the end of summer 1988. The results suggest that light and moderate forest fires may increase soil fertility without cousing a marked difference in soil runoff and erosion.