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  • Unravelling property relations around forest carbon
  • Cambodia ; Carbon economy ; Forest ; Forest resources ; Land ; Landed property ; Papua New Guinea ; Philippines ; Resource management
  • Using examples from Cambodia, the Philippines and Papua New Guinea, the AA. examine the property negotiations underpinning the new forest carbon economy. They show that the institutions and land use negotiations needed to produce forest carbon
  • interact with existing property claims over land and forests. Claims to forest carbon are complicated by ambiguities and complexities surrounding rights to forested land. It creates an unstable basis for forest carbon markets and raises questions about
  • future access to forested land.
  • 2013
  • Forest transition and biogeographic meaning of the current laurel forest landscape in Canary Islands, Spain
  • Biogeography ; Canary Islands ; Forest ; Human impact ; Land use ; Landscape dynamics ; National park ; Subtropical zone ; Vegetation dynamics
  • According to the forest transition theory, in the protected areas of Anaga and Teno Rural Parks (Tenerife) and Garajonay National Park (La Gomera), the forest reaction to the gradual abandonment of economic activity reveals how strongly human
  • activity has shaped the features of the laurel forest, which traditionally has been considered to be relatively untouched by humankind. How natural disturbances have affected this forest over the past few years has also contributed to a better understanding
  • of its dynamics. This study explains the key patterns of spontaneous dynamics in the Canarian laurel forest to enrich the understanding of this forest and its landscape, while highlighting the importance of human activity as the catalyst for its current
  • 2013
  • Nationalism, (dis)simulation, and the politics of science in Québec's forest crisis
  • Boreal forest ; Canada ; Expertise ; Forest resources ; Forestry ; Modelling ; Nationalism ; Political geography ; Quebec ; Resource management ; Simulation ; Wood industry
  • of the production and use of scientific knowledge. It concludes that what is at stake in using science in the management of Québec's boreal forest is not merely related either to the forest industry or to expansion of powers of government but, rather, to its
  • weakness in gaining the public and the industry's trust in the management of the public's forests.
  • 2013
  • Traditional land use of the boreal forest landscape : examples from Lierne, Nord-Trøndelag, Norway
  • Biodiversity ; Boreal forest ; Ecology ; Environmental management ; Fodder ; Land use ; Nature conservation ; Norway
  • The article documents former land use practices in a boreal forest landscape in Nordli, Central Norway, and discuss the ecological consequences with respect to conservation. Fodder harvesting methods are closely related to ecological conditions
  • and the production level in the boreal forest landscape. Burning to improve the forest pastures is a natural part of the traditional farming system. To ensure successful conservation of the biodiversity of these forests, former land use practices should be documented
  • 2013
  • On the importance of forest assets for micro-firm performance
  • Firm ; Forest ; Patrimony ; Sweden
  • This research set out to explore the importance of the value of forest holdings owned by entrepre¬neurs for the economic performance of micro-firms, with a hypothesis that assets stemming from forest ownership benefit firms and provide them
  • with financial stability and resilience to economic fluctuations. It shows that forest assets positively and significantly influence firm performance in terms of earnings before interest and taxes, but not in terms of value added. As regards regional variations
  • , firms located outside the metropolitan regions – as compared to those at the top of the urban hierarchy – are likely to perform better, thus indicating that local development may benefit from resource transfers from the forest sector to micro-firms
  • 2013
  • Forest certification with Chinese characteristics : state engagement with non-state market-driven governance
  • China ; Forest ; Forest policy ; Governance ; Non-governmental organization ; Political geography ; Resource management ; Role of the State
  • Bosque ; China ; Geografía política ; Gestión de los recursos ; Gobernancía ; Organización no gubernamental ; Política forestal ; Rol del Estado
  • This study examines the transnational forest certification approaches into China, which aim to be adopted under the Program for Endorsement of Forest Certification Schemes. It examines the legitimacy sought by the Chinese government to appeal
  • 2013
  • Changing forest recovery dynamics in the northeastern United States
  • Forest ; Land use ; Land utilisation ; New York State ; Reforestation ; Remote sensing ; Rural landscape ; Spatial analysis ; United States of America
  • Análisis espacial ; Aprovechamiento del suelo ; Bosque ; Estado de Nueva York ; Estados Unidos ; Ocupación del suelo ; Paisaje rural ; Repoblacíon forestal ; Teledetección
  • Bidging natural and social sciences perspectives, the AA. contribute to a multidisciplinary literature on US forest change by documenting at a fine scale changing land-cover patterns, identifying their key geophysical and social driving forces
  • , and evaluating the strength and character of the on-going forest transition.
  • 2013
  • Assam ; Equatorial forest ; Forest ; Image analysis ; India ; Land use ; Nature reserve ; Rural landscape ; Vegetation dynamics
  • The study assesses land-use change in the Nameri Tiger Reserve in Assam, using Landsat imageries. Dense forests decreased sharply while open forest increased marginally. The increases in the degraded and open forest categories occurred
  • at the expense of dense forests, which decreased. The number of patches in the NTR landscape recorded a fivefold increase indicating a high degree of fragmentation of the habitat. Both class and patch level changes corroborate the trend of fragmentation
  • 2013
  • A map of sequences of forest/non-forest states over the last 200 years in the borderland between Poland's Masuria and Kurpie regions
  • Afforestation ; Cartography ; Deforestation ; Forest ; Habitat ; Historical mapping ; North-Eastern Poland ; Plant cover ; Poland ; Topographic map ; Vegetation ; Vegetation map
  • Presented here are the means of generating and possibilities for applying a digital map of sequences of forest/non-forest states in a study area, as based on topographic maps for 7 instances in time (between 1800 and the present day). There is also
  • a brief description of cartographic material used, as well as the methods applied in generating a variability model. The study area was then analysed from the point of view of differences in the aforementioned sequences of forest/non-forest states
  • 2013
  • Sustainability through an alternative property-rights regime for Bangladesh's mangrove forest
  • Bangladesh ; Community ; Conflict ; Development ; Forest ; Forest resources ; Livelihood ; Logging ; Mangrove ; Property right ; Resource management ; Sustainable development
  • Bosque ; Comunidad ; Conflicto ; Derecho de propiedad ; Desarrollo ; Desarrollo sostenible ; Explotación forestal ; Gestión de los recursos ; Manglar ; Recursos forestales
  • This study examines the challenges of achieving sustainable management of the world's largest mangrove forest, the Sundarbans, in Bangladesh through an alternative property rights-regime. It was found that two conflicting groups—forest-dependent
  • communities and foresters—are responsible for policy failures due to the absence of power-sharing arrangements, nor is it likely a common property-rights regime will be enough to cap degradation and achieve sustainability, while supply-and-demand policy
  • 2013
  • Soil organic carbon storage capacity positively related to forest succession on the Loess Plateau, China
  • Carbon cycle ; Carbon sequestration ; China ; Ecological restoration ; Forest ; Gansu ; Land use ; Loess ; Plateau
  • To explore the factors which foster changes in the soil carbon pool in forest restoration, a study comparing soil organic carbon at different vegetation succession stages along a 150-year chronosequence was conducted in the Ziwuling forest region
  • located in the central part of the Loess Plateau. It showed that in long-term (~ 150 yr) secondary forest succession the soil organic carbon storage (Cs), soil organic carbon (SOC), total nitrogen (TN), and C/N ratio all increased rapidly and tended
  • of the accumulation of the SOC and the TN during forest succession and this capacity has shown to be positively related to forest succession on the Loess Plateau, China.
  • 2013
  • From deforestation to reforestation : applying the forest transition to the Cockpit Country of Jamaica
  • Forest ; Forest transition ; Image analysis ; Jamaica ; Land use ; Nature reserve ; Population pressure ; Reforestation ; Socio-economic system
  • Análisis de imagen ; Aprovechamiento del suelo ; Bosque ; Estructura socioeconómica ; Jamaica ; Presión demográfica ; Repoblacíon forestal ; Reserva natural
  • 2013
  • Changes in the extent of non-forest woody vegetation in the Novodvorsko and Žehušicko region (Central Bohemia, Czech Republic)
  • Changes in the extent and occurrence of non-forest woody vegetation in the agricultural landscape of the Novodvorsko and Žehušicko region in the Central Bohemia during the last 60 years are presented in the paper. The extent and changes of non
  • forest woody vegetation were observed in natural (biochores) and cultural (landscape character areas) units with the aim to find out differences dependent on natural and cultural conditions. Results confirm that the quantity as well as the distribution
  • of elements of non-forest woody vegetation changed during the last 60 years in an important way. Significant decrease in the area of non-forest woody vegetation and extinction of many important biotopes are among the main results of the work. - (EN)
  • 2013
  • Optical remote sensing of forest leaf area index and biomass
  • Bibliography ; Biomass ; Data processing ; Ecosystem ; Forest ; Remote sensing ; Satellite imagery ; Spectral analysis ; Vegetation index
  • This review focuses on the use of optical remote sensing in mapping leaf area index (LAI) and aboveground biomass for forests. Mapping of LAI started with location-specific empirical approaches and evolved to semi-empirical and biophysical
  • on the explicit or implicit mapping of forest structural parameters that are related to biomass allometrically. Although optical images have been successfully used in mapping biomass in low biomass areas, it remains a challenge to map biomass in forested areas
  • 2013
  • A remote sensing approach to biodiversity assessment and regionalization of the Canadian boreal forest
  • Biodiversity ; Biogeography ; Boreal area ; Canada ; Cluster analysis ; Forest ; Indicator ; Land use ; Plant cover ; Productivity ; Remote sensing ; Topography
  • To identify relevant remotely derived environmental indicators specific to biodiversity within the Canadian boreal forest, the AA. assessed indicators of the physical environment such as seasonal snow cover, topography and vegetation production
  • . Using cluster analysis, the AA. also assessed the applicability of these indicators for broad ecosystem classification of the Canadian boreal forest and the subsequent attribution of these stratified regions (i.e. clusters). The results reveal
  • 2013
  • [b2] Canadian Forest Service, Canada
  • Effect of forest floor characteristics on water repellency, infiltration, runoff and soil loss in Andisols of Tenerife (Canary Islands, Spain)
  • Canary Islands ; Erosion control ; Forest ; Hydrology ; Infiltration ; Litter ; Rainfall simulation ; Repellency ; Soil ; Soil properties ; Water erosion
  • of the forest floor characteristics. The study results highlight the influential role played by the forest floor in infiltration and runoff. In pine forest, most of the rainwater remains in the duff and infiltration depends little therefore on the underlying
  • in infiltration and that soil properties control infiltration when hydrophilic or loose duff is present. Soil erosion is not influenced by forest floor and remains low.
  • 2013
  • Erosion rate ; Forest fire ; Geochemistry ; Idaho ; Inventory ; Isotope analysis ; Lead ; Sediment budget ; Slope ; Soil erosion ; United States of America
  • Análisis isotópico ; Balance sedimentario ; Erosión de los suelos ; Estados Unidos ; Geoquímica ; Incendio forestal ; Inventario ; Plomo ; Velocidad de erosión ; Vertiente
  • Fallout radionuclides, including lead-210 excess (210Pbex), have only recently been applied in burned terrain. The AA. collected over 400 soil samples from unburned, moderately and severely burned forested sites in central Idaho. They measured soil
  • 210Pbex content at stable reference and eroding sites and in mineral and organic soil components. At all sites, organic matter had the highest concentration of 210Pbex. The results indicate that most 210Pbex in these semi-arid, forested sites was bound
  • to organic matter, and that a substantial portion of this lead was lost due to forest fires. Thus, given methodological uncertainties, 210Pbex losses due to fire, and the subsequent sensitivity of calculated net erosion rates to these lower 210Pbex
  • 2013
  • Surface processes and interactions with forest vegetation on a steep mudstone slope, Stołowe Mountains, SW Poland
  • Biogeomorphology ; Creep ; Dendrogeomorphology ; Dendrology ; Forest ; Micromorphology ; Model ; Mountain ; Poland ; Slope dynamics ; Sudety ; Tree uprooting
  • The AA. recognize complex physical biotic–abiotic interactions on a steep forested slope in the Sudetes, using geomorphological, pedological, and dendrochronological methods. On the forested hillslopes of Mt Rogowa Kopa the evidence of disturbance
  • 2013
  • Weathering and soil formation rates based on geochemical mass balances in a small forested watershed under acid precipitation in subtropical China
  • Acid rain ; Anhui ; Chemical erosion ; China ; Forest ; Geochemistry ; Model ; Multiple regression ; Pedogenesis ; Subtropical zone ; Watershed ; Weathering
  • In this study, rates of weathering and soil formation on granite and their dependences on acid precipitation were studied in a small forested watershed, Fengxingzhuang (FXZ), in subtropical China using geochemical mass balance equations and multiple
  • that acid precipitation is very severe in the FXZ forested watershed. A proposed model that quantitatively describes weathering and soil formation rates is a combined product of rainfall amount and air temperature resulting from multiple regressions, which
  • 2013
  • Forest as hazard, forest as victim : community perspectives and disaster mitigation in the aftermath of Kelowna's 2003 wildfires
  • British Columbia ; Canada ; Community ; Ecosystem ; Fire ; Forest ; Political ecology ; Risk ; Urban area ; Urban ecology ; Vulnerability
  • 2013