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  • The basics of sustainable forest management in forest promotional complexes
  • Biodiversity ; Concept ; Dead wood ; Decision making process ; Ecosystem ; Environmental management ; Forest ; Forestry ; Sustainable development
  • The intent to create Forest Promotional Complex (FPC) was introducing a new quality to Polish forestry – by taking into account social preference for forests, by embracing local community needs, by compromising forest production with nature
  • protection and to introduce the rules of sustainable and balanced forest development. Main subject of this study is a dead wood and its ecological functions in managed forests and chosen FPC reserves. The problem of naturalization or ecologisation of forest
  • 2012
  • [b1] Forest Ecology Unit, Forest Research Unit, Raszyn, Pologne
  • Forest line changes after 1960 in a Norwegian mountain region - implications for the future
  • Biogeography ; Climatic change ; Climatic warming ; Forest ; Land use ; Livestock ; Mountain ; Norway ; Pastureland ; Southern Norway ; Tree line
  • The aim of this paper is to investigate the effects of land use and climate on forest line changes at regional and local scale in eastern Jotunheimen, a mountain region in southern Norway. It is shown that these forest line changes can be related
  • is considered the main driver for the forest line shifts observed in the region. However, the predicted climate warming, together with continued trends of decreasing and abandoned free-range grazing of livestock will cause further forest expansion above
  • the present forest lines also in the eastern Jotunheimen mountain range.
  • 2012
  • Down dead wood in a forest – still an obstacle to forest management or already an ecological issue ?
  • Classification ; Dead wood ; Environmental management ; Experiment plot ; Forest ; Forestry ; Methodology ; North America ; Poland ; Soil properties ; Sustainable development
  • an evaluation of DDW resources in the 3 Forest Promotional Complexes of Puszcza Białowieska, Bory Lubuskie, Bory Tucholskie. An analysis of the correlations is included. The third and final part offers a critical look at the implementation of the recommendations
  • made 10 years ago by the authors of the project. These were recommendations for, what were at that time, new principles of handling DDW in Polish forests.
  • 2012
  • Geographical pattern of selected features of the soil and herb layer in central and north European Scots pine forests
  • Biodiversity ; Biogeography ; Biomass ; Carbon ; Ecosystem ; Europe ; Forest ; Grassland ; Pine ; Soil properties
  • content), and selected characteristics of vegetation (species richness, herb layer biomass, moss layer biomass) in one type of forest community, namely, pine forests of the Vaccinio-Piceetea class. The study area covers the major part of the European
  • domain of pine forests, from 70.15°N (Norway) to 50.35°N (Poland) and from 12.02°E (Sweden) to 33.6°E (Russia). The results clearly point to the simultaneous effect of several different mechanisms shaping the structure of soil and the forest floor.
  • 2012
  • Forest composition : more altered by future climate change than by Euro-American settlement in western New York and Pennsylvania ?
  • Biodiversity ; Biogeography ; Carbon dioxide ; Climatic change ; Forest ; Human impact ; Inventory ; Model ; New York State ; Pennsylvania ; Scenario ; Spatial distribution ; Tree species ; United States of America
  • Acción antrópica ; Biodiversidad ; Biogeografía ; Bosque ; Cambio climático ; Distribución espacial ; Dióxido de carbono ; Escenario ; Especie forestal ; Estado de Nueva York ; Estados Unidos ; Inventario ; Modelo ; Pensilvania
  • The amount of forest compositional change that occurred due to Euro-American settlement over the past two centuries is compared with changes simulated to occur in the future under 2X and 3.5X atmospheric CO2 scenarios. The comparison employs data
  • from presettlement land survey records, modern forest inventory data, and future predictions from niche-based species distribution models. Comparisons are made in 4 independent study areas in western Pennsylvania and New York. The similar results across
  • the 4 study areas disagree with previous pollen-based estimates that suggested a greater relative influence of a 2X CO2 climate change, but do indicate that a 3.5X CO2 climate change may cause greater changes in forest composition than has already
  • 2012
  • Damage ; Forest ; Mountain ; Poland ; Storm ; Sudety ; Temperate zone ; Tree uprooting ; Wind
  • This paper focuses on the analysis of severe damage caused in the forest stands of the Sudetic Mountains by a hurricane-force wind induced by an extra-tropical cyclone. The study area included 16 Forest Districts extending over the forested part
  • of the Polish Sudetes. The analysis was based on historic background for the area, and information on past damage done to forest stands as consequence of the impact of very strong wind. The bulk of the data which helped in estimating the extent of wind-related
  • damage in the forest stands of the Sudetes Mts. included the mass of large timber withdrawn from the affected areas after the Kyrill storm in 2007. This paper also underlines one of the main geomorphological processes initiated by a blown down tree
  • – the same uprooting as dominates on many forested hillslopes of the temperate climatic zone. – (BJ)
  • 2012
  • Relative vulnerability of the forests along southeastern African coasts to cyclones
  • Africa ; Coastal environment ; Forest ; Geographical information system ; Malagasy Republic ; Mozambique ; Southern Africa ; Storm ; Tropical cyclone ; Tropical rain forest ; Vulnerability
  • 2012
  • The international debate on forest management transfer and our contribution
  • Cost-benefit analysis ; Decentralization ; Forest ; Forest resources ; Forestry ; Legislation ; Local policy ; Malagasy Republic ; Management ; Rural community
  • 2012
  • Cultivated land ; Forest ; Geochemistry ; Hokkaido ; Japan ; Land use ; Meltwater ; Nitrate ; Nitrogen ; Precipitation ; Slope gradient ; Subsurface flow ; Watershed
  • , Japan. The agriculture-dominated watershed (AW) had flat topography in agricultural area, the forest-dominated watershed (FW) was characterized by a steep slope in forest area, and the mixed agriculture-forested watershed (AFW) had flat topography
  • in the agricultural area and steep topography in the forest area. Results showed that the timing of nitrate-nitrogen export is different between the forested and steep watershed FW and the agricultural and flat watershed AW. The timing of nitrate-nitrogen export
  • 2012
  • Mapping ecotone movements : Holocene dynamics of the forest tension zone in Central Lower Michigan, USA
  • Climatic change ; Discriminant analysis ; Ecotone ; Forest ; Holocene ; Interpolation ; Michigan ; Palaeo-ecology ; Palaeo-environment ; Pollen analysis ; Space time ; Spatial analysis ; United States of America ; Vegetation dynamics
  • Pollen data for 9 lakes in the Lower Peninsula of Michigan were analyzed with discriminant analysis and spatially interpolated with inverse distance weighted to track ecotone movements of the forest tension zone. The forest tension zone has been
  • in climate such as the warmer and dryer conditions associated with the mid-Holocene. A slighter shift was evident in association with the cooler and drier conditions of the Little Ice Age. This research demonstrates the sensitivity of Great Lakes forest
  • 2012
  • Aerial photography ; Ebro ; Fluvial dynamics ; Fluvial geomorphology ; Forest ; Mediterranean area ; Photointerpretation ; Riparian vegetation ; Space time ; Spain ; Stream ; Twentieth Century
  • of riparian forest spots; and a modification of the riparian forest, which is currently linear, uniform, thin and very close to the river axis. The ecomorphological alteration was intensified by the remarkable reduction in bank length and the reduced dynamism
  • of the present river system, indicated by an increase in the percentage of fluvial territory occupied by riparian forests and a reduction in the area occupied by the active channel.
  • 2012
  • [b2] Dep. of Hydraulics and Hydrology, Technical College of Forest Engineering, Polytechnic Univ., Madrid, Espagne
  • [b3] Dep. of Topography, Technical College of Forest Engineering, Polytechnic Univ., Madrid, Espagne
  • China ; Forest ; Plant species ; Soil erosion ; South-Eastern China ; Spatial analysis ; Splash ; Subtropical zone ; Water erosion ; Zhejiang
  • conditions and under forest vegetation. The splash cups were exposed to forest stands of different age and to selected species (Schima superba, Castanopsis eyrei) in the Gutianshan National Nature Reserve (GNNR). The results obtained under forest vegetation
  • show that the erosive power of throughfall drops is 2.59 times higher compared to the open field. Moreover, the results show that the erosion potential under forest is related to the forest structure, especially height and canopy cover, and is species
  • 2012
  • The forgotten D : challenges of addressing forest degradation in complex mosaic landscapes under REDD+
  • Biodiversity ; Biogeography ; Carbon dioxide ; Carbon sequestration ; Deforestation ; Environmental management ; Forest ; Governance ; Greenhouse effect ; Landscape structure ; Mosaic landscape ; Remote sensing
  • International climate negotiations have stressed the importance of considering emissions from forest degradation under the planned REDD+ (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation + enhancing forest carbon stocks) mechanism
  • . The AA. therefore review current research on how avoided forest degradation may affect emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG) and expected co-benefits in terms of biodiversity and livelihoods. There are still high uncertainties in measuring and monitoring
  • emissions of carbon and other GHG from mosaic landscapes with forest degradation since most research has focused on binary analyses of forest vs. deforested land. Recent technological advances in remote sensing have improved estimation of carbon stock
  • 2012
  • [b9] Forest and Landscape of Denmark, Univ., Copenhagen, Danemark
  • Conifer ; Dendroecology ; Dendrology ; Ecosystem ; Environmental conservation ; Forecast ; Forest ; Forest fire ; Fuel ; Great Basin ; Mountain ; Nevada ; Semi-arid area ; United States of America
  • Bosque ; Campo semiárido ; Combustible ; Conífero ; Dendrología ; Ecosistema ; Estados Unidos ; Incendio forestal ; Montaña ; Previsión ; Protección del medio ambiente
  • dendrochronological methods; establishment dates and reconstructed tree diameter at breast height (DBH) were then used as input for simulation models. Canopy fuels and potential fire behavior over time were modeled using the Forest Vegetation Simulator (FVS) and its
  • 2012
  • [b3] Rocky Mountain Research Station, United States Forest Service, Nevada, Reno, Etats-Unis
  • A novel approach to monitoring the Cs-137 contamination of forest soils in Bavaria, Germany
  • Bavaria ; Caesium-137 ; Forest ; Forest soil ; Geo-ecology ; Geochemistry ; Geographical information system ; Germany ; Humus ; Soil pollution ; Soil properties
  • Alemaña ; Baviera ; Bosque ; Contaminación del suelo ; Geoecología ; Geoquímica ; Humus ; Propiedades del suelo ; Sistema de información geográfica ; Suelo forestal
  • 2012
  • Perceiving sustainable forest spaces : governance aspects of private and company owned forests in North-Karelia, Finland
  • Finland ; Forest ; Forestry ; Governance ; Karelia ; Management ; Private sector ; Public sector ; Resource management ; Sustainable development ; Wood industry
  • 2012
  • Changes in physico-chemical, microbial and enzymatic activities during restoration of degraded sodic land : Ecological suitability of mixed forest over monoculture plantation
  • Biogeochemistry ; Ecological restoration ; India ; Land use ; Mixed forest ; Reforestation ; Saline soil ; Soil ; Soil properties ; UttarPradesh
  • Aprovechamiento del suelo ; Biogeoquímica ; India ; Propiedades del suelo ; Repoblacíon forestal ; Suelo ; Suelo salino ; Uttar Pradesh
  • plantations as well as mixed forest. Increase in water holding capacity (WHC), organic carbon, soil nutrients, microbial biomass (MB), microbial counts, CO2 flux and enzymatic activities showed significant improvement in the soil quality of rehabilitated sites
  • 2012
  • sites were selected in 3 categories of land use/vegetation cover (green forest, pine forest and cropped areas). Infiltration is extremely rapid under green forest but falls considerably under pine forest and in formerly cropped soils. The statistical
  • the vulnerability of Andisols' soil properties and infiltration to land use modification, while also highlighting the influence of the type of forest cover present.
  • 2012
  • Topography-controlled soil water content and the coexistence of forest and steppe in Northern China
  • China ; Ecotone ; Evaporation ; Forest ; Inner Mongolia ; Model ; Semi-arid area ; Simulation ; Slope gradient ; Soil moisture ; Spatial distribution ; Steppe ; Topography ; Vegetation
  • In this paper, the AA. report results from a model developed to calculate evaporation changes and predict forest distribution in terms of slope inclination and aspect. Field records of forest distribution and soil moisture variability under
  • 2012
  • Contrasting weathering and climate regimes in forested and cleared sandstone temples of the Angkor region
  • Biogenic process ; Cambodia ; Chemical erosion ; Cultural patrimony ; Deforestation ; Degradation ; Forest ; Microclimate ; Microrelief ; Sandstone ; Weathering
  • Comparative assessment of stone weathering intensities and bioclimatic conditions was conducted at 4 temples located in cleared and forested sites of the Angkor Park, based on similar protocols. Four thousand sculpted lotus petals carved in the same
  • weathering in cleared areas, 74% of petals located in forested environments appear to be totally free of mechanical weathering and are only affected by superficial biochemical weathering. As wetting–drying cycles are the driving force of sandstone decay
  • 2012