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  • Cultural landscape ; Europe ; Identification ; Indicator ; Landscape ; Marginality ; Peripheral region ; Tradition ; case studies ; hotspots ; indicators ; traditional cultural landscapes
  • national mainstream. These indicators are exemplified in two case studies. Based on field work carried out in Las Hurdes, in Spain, and Gyimes, in Romania, I argue that the factors that once enabled unique cultural landscapes to emerge are also those
  • Hotspots of traditional cultural landscapes in Europe can be found in locations which meet a specific set of characteristics. These characteristics were defined in a study based on literature review, content analysis and two case studies conducted
  • that nowadays help to preserve them as islands or hotspots in a globalized, and increasingly more uniform world. Finding and monitoring these traditional cultural landscape hotspots in Europe is the first prerequisite for systematically studying and eventually
  • protecting them. But existing inventory, monitoring and policy approaches have not been designed and hence are not fully able to identify regions with traditional cultural landscapes. The indicators presented in this study can be used to identify such regions.
  • 2011
  • Transport and storage of bed material in a gravel-bed channel during episodes of aggradation and degradation : a field and flume study
  • 2011
  • Comparing landscape evolution models with quantitative field data at the millennial time scale in the Belgian loess belt
  • Agricultural practice ; Belgium ; Comparative study ; Landscape dynamics ; Loess ; Model ; Sediment transport ; Soil erosion ; Water erosion ; Watershed
  • This study compares 3 landscape evolution models and their ability to correctly simulate measured 2 500 year landscape evolution in 2 small catchments in the Belgian loess belt : WATEM LT and LAPSUS as examples of detachment-limited models and WATEM
  • 2011
  • On the δO 18, δD and D-excess relations in meteoric precipitation and during equilibrium freezing: theoretical approach and field examples
  • This study reviews the principles of fractionations affecting δD, δO 18 and deuterium excess (d) in meteoric precipitation and during equilibrium freezing of water under changing freezing rates. Many studies are starting to use the calculation of d
  • 2011
  • an opportunity to examine the uncertain role of armouring and boulder flux on incision. The field study was combined with digital elevation models (DEMs) that were extracted from pairs of overlapping aerial photos. Maps of erosion and deposition were prepared
  • The aim of this work is to study the short-term ongoing erosive response to a rapid base-level drop in a small, steep-fronted, erodible fan-delta setting. The work explores the controls of the steep Qedem fan-delta, guided by its clinoform structure
  • , on its incision. Longitudinal profiles of the fan-delta and of its entrenched channel were measured in the field. Sedimentary facies changes (fluviatile, shallow lacustrine and beach) were followed along exposures. The existence of large boulders provided
  • 2011
  • The AA. studied the occurrence of crusts in a study area in Mediterranean southern France. Their aims were to compare the physical and hydrological properties of the crusts and underlying soil, to identify the spectral characteristics (400 to 2500
  • nm) of the crusted and non-crusted soil surfaces using high-resolution field spectra, and to investigate the potential of mapping crust occurrence using airborne, hyperspectral HyMap images. The differences in some physical properties between crusted
  • and non-crusted surfaces are significant while others are only marginal. Crusts could be mapped in fallow, agricultural fields, but the spectral response of natural badlands was too fragmented for crust mapping.
  • 2011
  • , which poses a number of restrictions, particularly regarding salinity, sodium and boron. For the purposes of the study, initially low-salinity soils in field plots irrigated for nearly a decade were studied in comparison with adjacent dry-farming fields
  • 2011
  • The Medziphema intermontane basin developed in the schuppen belt of Nagaland, Northeast India, has been studied to understand its tectonic and geomorphic evolution on the basis of field evidence and morphometric parameters. Major part of the basin
  • is covered with aggradational landforms such as fan and terrace deposits. This study is carried out to identify active folds and folds and their implication on the development of landforms and drainage pattern through detailed fieldwork, drainage analysis
  • 2011
  • A new method for studying clay soils using unaltered soil blocks
  • . A wooden box is used to shape the soil block in situ and protect it during its transport from the field to the laboratory. Polyurethane foam was selected as the bonding agent, between the wooden framework and the soil block in order to avoid any possible
  • 2011
  • Research on urban spheres of influence based on improved field model in central China
  • 2011
  • [b2] Center for Interdisciplinary Studies of Natural and Social Sciences, CAS, Beijing, Chine
  • as the study area. The AA. integrated field data collected in 2 field surveys to analyze the impacts of the disturbance on forests. The results are presented and discussed. The extent of damage to plantations along the transect decreased in the order of slash
  • 2011
  • , Basilicata, and Tuscany) and required several field campaigns involving the survey of 251 stream reaches upstream of grade-control structures. The overall results encourage the extension of the proposed method to additional field data and suggest the use
  • 2011
  • [b2] Dip. di Scienze e Tecnologie Agroforestali e Ambientali, Fac. di Agraria, Univ. degli Studi Mediterranea di Reggio Calabria, Feo di Vito, Italie
  • typical of the previously mentioned area. The calculated concentration field meaningfully depends on the calculated effective roughness parameters based on the different literature recommendations. The deviation of these concentration fields has been
  • examined in the study in the sample area of Jászberény. - (AM)
  • 2011
  • Recent geomorphological research in eastern part of Pohorje Mountains has revealed new information about periglacial and glacial landforms of that area. Based on these findings, similar landforms in western part of Pohorje were studied, especially
  • cryoplanation terraces and nivation hollows. Field research has also revealed the existence of ploughing rocks, blockstreams, blockfields and one cirque. - (IKR)
  • 2011
  • In this study, the AA. analyze the environmental condition that may have caused intensive soil erosion and define what kind of relics can be considered as erosion surfaces. They present results of the field work at Luochuan, Weinan, Tongchuan
  • 2011
  • In this study, the model of Besio et al. (2006) is used to generate a database that allows a parameterization of the length of tidal dunes to be obtained. The predictions are then analysed and a formula is proposed to estimate the wavelength
  • (if medium sand is considered) and the tidal ellipticity are found to have a relatively small influence on the length of the bottom forms. The formula proposed provides results which are consistent with field observations.
  • 2011
  • Terracettes in the western Iowa Loess Hills were characterized morphogenetically, with field observations suggesting high association with ungulate activities. A new class of mega-terracette is recognized that characterizes study-area forms orders
  • 2011
  • The study deals with the rapid transformation of the Slovak retail network as well as it analyzes the changes in shopping habits in Komárno, a medium sized border town in Slovakia. The first part of the paper, which is based on a desk research
  • initiated fundamental changes in the retail trade of this gateway town in southern Slovakia. In the second part of the paper, the authors introduce the results of the field research carried out on two sets of samples with 300 respondents each
  • 2011
  • The article presents a critical assessment of the current state of national cartographical elaborations in Poland. At present there is a shortage of studies in this field, and the previous works, especially in the form of national atlas, published
  • 2011
  • comprising geomorphological field work, a sedimentological study, photointerpretation, quantitative geomorphology, analysis of ancient to modern cartography and consultation of historical documents and records. The dynamics of the fan are determined
  • The dynamics and the surface evolution of a post-LGM debris-flow-dominated alluvial fan (Tartano alluvial fan), which lies on the floor of an alpine valley (Valtellina, Northern Italy), have been investigated by means of an integrated study
  • 2011