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  • in the field. Test results of the PWRS are very satisfactory. The analysis presented in this study suggests in particular very good reproducibility of wind and rain conditions. The PWRS should therefore be a useful device for comparative in situ soil erosion
  • The aim of this study was to specify the wind and rainfall characteristics of the developed Portable Wind and Rainfall Simulator (PWRS) and to evaluate if its simulation quality and reproducibility is adequate for comparative soil erosion studies
  • measurements in the field and support the gathering of quantitative data on the relative importance of soil detachment rates between wind and water erosion, as well as windless and wind-driven rainfall.
  • 2012
  • The aims of this study are to identify variables as well as thresholds controlling different obstacle mark morphometries and to incorporate these into a simple statistical model. To achieve this, available field and laboratory studies on that topic
  • are reviewed first. Secondly, the results of laboratory flume experiments are analysed and compared with other available laboratory and field data. The results of this work have shown a significant relationship between the morphometry of fluvial obstacle marks
  • 2012
  • Sand-filled splash cups were used to study the erosivity of rainfall and throughfall in the humid subtropics of southeast China. The results showed that the splash cup measurements yielded precise and reproducible results both under open field
  • show that the erosive power of throughfall drops is 2.59 times higher compared to the open field. Moreover, the results show that the erosion potential under forest is related to the forest structure, especially height and canopy cover, and is species
  • 2012
  • Comparative study ; Grassland ; Instrumentation ; Methodology ; Mountain ; Rainfall simulation ; Soil erosion ; Soil properties ; Switzerland ; Uri ; Water erosion
  • One goal of this study was to assess the suitability of a novel field hybrid rainfall simulator (FH simulator) that combines characteristics of a spray nozzle and a drop former rain simulator (DF) for erosion research. Two soils with different
  • textures were irrigated. A second goal of this study was to quantify the influence of vegetation and soil structure stability on soil erosion and runoff in a subalpine grassland area. The kinetic energy, drop size, triggered runoff and sediment yield
  • 2012
  • This study presents a runoff feeding device, which is able to multiply the plot length virtually by supplying sediment loaded runoff from upstream. In the present study, this method is used to determine input parameters for the soil loss
  • and deposition model EROSION 2D/3D under field conditions. Based on the model parameters “skinfactor, soil resistance to erosion and surface roughness” the experimental approach is described exemplarily. The experimental results show that results from large-scale
  • 2012
  • The paper introduces the results of the calibration of the runoff and sediment concentration measurement system adopted at the Masse experimental station to study erosion processes at the plot scale in Central Italy. Two soils of various particle
  • size distributions were used in the calibration trials performed by the same field worker. The collected runoff is stored in cubic tanks equipped with ten taps for sampling the suspension. When an erosive event occurs, the plot runoff volume is measured
  • 2012
  • The aim of this study is to compare different methods and to conclude on suitability for the determination of alpine soil erosion. Furthermore, the advantages and disadvantages of the single measurement methods with regard to alpine basins
  • 2012
  • In this study, the P and organic C content of sediment generated from 2 Devon silts under conventional (CS) and organic (OS) soil management were examined. Artificial rainfall was applied to the soils using 2 rainfall scenarios of differing
  • 2012