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  • Canadian farm and non-farm family incomes
  • Measuring poverty among farmers in Belgium
  • Agriculture ; Belgium ; Family income ; Farm income ; Living standard ; Poverty ; Regional disparities
  • holdings have an overall family income of less than 10 000 euros, or less than the guaranteed minimum wage. Other aspects discussed include the investment burden, the patrimony of farmers, the outlook for the future and the regional differences
  • The A. uses various databases and approaches. A distinction is made between income per worker, family agricultural income from the agricultural holding and total family income, including non-agricultural earnings. A quarter of full-time agricultural
  • in the problem of low income.
  • Reconciling gross farm income and product at the state level
  • Concepts and measurement of the incomes, wealth and economic well-being of farmers
  • Changes in farm incomes and the rural development program in Swaziland
  • Alternative futures in U.S. farm size, structure, productivity, exports and income: a simulation
  • Farm ; Household ; Income ; Poland ; Post-communism ; Privatisation ; Spatial differentiation ; Years 1990-99
  • The low level of income among farming families triggered a lively interest in the subject of the activity and sources of income in farm households. The work described here has sought to determine the main changes in income levels and structures
  • within the population associated with farms in Poland after 1990. Use of the Agricultural Census of 2002 in turn allowed for an illustration of the spatial differentiation to kinds of activity and sources of income wthin the population on private (family
  • -owned) farms, with an attempt also being made to indicate what conditions this differentiation. - (BJ)
  • Agricultural development and household incomes in Central Asia : a survey of Tadjikistan, 2003-2008
  • Agrarian reform ; Agriculture ; Central Asia ; Collective farm ; Cotton ; Family farm ; Farm income ; Gardening ; Household ; Livestock ; State farm ; Tadzhikistan
  • Small farmer development. Experiences in the Netherlands
  • During this century the possibilities for farmers to earn a good income from intensive animal husbandry and horticulture have greatly increased. As a result, despite the sharp decrease in the number of farmers, many farmers from a small farm
  • background have been able to continue in farming and even become large farmers. Some hypotheses are formulated under what conditions this kind of small farmer development is possible in other countries.
  • The response of farmers to the drought hazard in the Karoo environment
  • Drought ; Enquiry ; Environment ; Environmental conservation ; Farm ; Farm income ; Farmer behaviour ; Natural hazards ; South Africa
  • Transitions in rural Sarawak: off-farm employment in the Kemena basin
  • Employment ; Enquiry ; Family income ; Farming system ; Malaysia ; Rural change ; Rural community ; Sarawak
  • The connections between the major resource exploitation activities and the rural population operate through two main channels: formal State aid to rural households, and the informal practice of off-farm employment. Three main sources of income
  • (subsistence production, cash crops and off-farm work) act as substitutes for one another and this substitution has implications on the overall standard of living of the households.
  • The impact of land reform on rural household incomes in Transcaucasia
  • Agrarian reform ; Agriculture ; Armenia ; Azerbaydzhan ; Economic impact ; Farm size ; Georgia ; Household ; Income ; Transcaucasia
  • Farm and off-farm family income in Australia
  • Farm ; Income ; Municipality ; Poland ; Privatisation
  • The article presents an analysis of the development of non-agricultural activities in private farming on the local scale. The analysis was designed to identify the main social, economic and technical factors stimulating non-agricultural economic
  • activities. The analysis has indicated that the concentration of non-agricultural activities depends on the size of the spatial system. Empirical research showed that non-agricultural activity in private farming influences the profitability of private farming
  • and the income situation of communes. - (BJ)
  • Growth cycle, income stream and decision making: a case study of Yoruba smallholders
  • The author has used a field survey and statistical methods to study how a small farmer decides on his farming programme. The age characteristics of a smallholder are important in determining his choice, and technology supplied should be appropriate
  • Farm diversification in Ireland : evidence from County Wicklow
  • Agricultural product ; Concept ; Diversification ; Enquiry ; Farm ; Farm income ; Farmer ; Farming;Agriculture ; Ireland
  • Income formation among Amazonian peasant households in northeastern Peru: empirical observations and implications for market-oriented conservation
  • Agriculture ; Agroforestry ; Amazon Basin ; Farm income ; Hunting ; Peasantry ; Peru ; Stand treatment
  • Peasants in the Tahuayo River basin near Iquitos, Peru earn cash incomes from swidden fallow, agroforestry, floodplain agriculture, fishing, livestock production, hunting and extracting rainforest products. Gross returns per hectares were highest
  • Agricultural production ; Agriculture ; Belgium ; Cultivated surface ; Data ; Farm income ; Farm size ; Food trade
  • The farmer as a landscape manager : management roles ans change patterns in a Danish region
  • Agrarian structure ; Agricultural landscape ; Agricultural policy ; Denmark ; Enquiry ; Farm ; Farmer ; Jylland ; Landed property ; Pluriactivity ; Rural landscape
  • are assumed to be more important for full time farmers than for hobby farmers who have their main income outside the farm and who may consider their farm more as a living place than as a production place. Based on a large survey carried out in Hvorslev
  • Rural landscapes are maintained and changed through farmers’ decisions and practices. The farmer has many different roles of which three roles related to the farm as a whole is investigated : producer, owner and citizen. Production based decisions
  • , Eastern Jutland, Denmark in 2008 farmers’ landscape practices are analysed in relation to their background, occupational status and view of the farms as a production place versus a living place. 377 farmers are interviewed and some comparisons are made
  • to a similar survey in the same area in 1996. A significant proportion of farmers are hobby farmers who mainly see the farm as a living place and who have different landscape practices than full time farmers have.
  • Enquiry ; Estimation ; Farm ; Farm income ; Farmer ; France ; Income;Wage ; Standard of living