inscription
PORTAIL D'INFORMATION GÉOGRAPHIQUE

Résultats de la recherche (582 résultats)

Affinez votre recherche

Par Collection Par Auteur Par Date Par Sujet Par Titre Par ville ? Par pays ? Par continent ?
  • The determinants of economic growth in European regions
  • Economic growth ; Educational level ; Employment ; Europe ; European Union ; Professional qualification ; Spatial analysis ; Spatial autocorrelation ; Spatial distribution ; Spillover
  • Analyse spatiale ; Autocorrélation spatiale ; Croissance économique ; Distribution spatiale ; Emploi ; Europe ; Hétérogénéité spatiale ; Niveau d'instruction ; Qualification professionnelle ; Retombées ; Union européenne
  • This paper examines the determinants of economic growth in European regions. It finds that income convergence between countries is dominated by the catching-up of regions in new member states in Central and Eastern Europe, whereas convergence within
  • are robust when allowing for spatial spillovers among European region.
  • 2014
  • [b1] Dept. of Economics, Univ. of Economics and Business, Vienna, Autriche
  • [b2] Dept. of Economics, Norwegian School of Economics, Bergen, Suede
  • Economic growth in Italian NUTS 3 provinces
  • Economic growth ; Italy ; Methodology ; Model ; Spatial dependence
  • Croissance économique ; Dépendance spatiale ; Héterogénéité spatiale ; Italie ; Modèle ; Méthodologie ; Variable économique
  • This paper analyzes the conditional β -convergence hypothesis for NUTS 3 Italian provinces Spatial dependence is introduced in the economic model by assuming a spatial Durbin model specification. The absence of data experienced by some economic
  • variables at the NUTS 3 level is addressed through a modified version of the Bayesian interpolation method introduced by Palma and Benedetti. Spatial heterogeneity is taken into account by identifying convergence clubs. For this purpose, we use the modified
  • simulated annealing algorithm introduced by Postiglione et al. The methodology is compared with the heteroscedastic approach proposed by Kelejian and Prucha (J Econom 157:53–67, 2010.
  • 2014
  • The relationship between spatial planning and economic competitiveness : the ‘path to economic nirvana’ or a ‘dangerous obsession’?
  • Belfast ; Compétitivité ; Développement spatial ; Développement économique ; Economie régionale ; Gouvernance ; Northern Ireland ; Néolibéralisme ; Planification ; Planification spatiale ; Royaume-Uni
  • Belfast ; Competitiveness ; Economic development ; Governance ; Neo liberalism ; Northern Ireland ; Planning ; Regional economy ; United Kingdom
  • forward in arguing that rather than offering the ‘path to economic nirvana’ neoliberal competitiveness is a ‘postpolitical strategy’ and represents a ‘dangerous obsession’ for spatial planning.
  • 2014
  • Technological innovation and regional economic growth in Mexico : a spatial perspective
  • Diffusion ; Economic growth ; Economic impact ; Economic space ; Innovation ; Mexico ; Regional economy ; Spatial analysis ; Spatial economy ; Technology
  • Analyse spatiale ; Croissance économique ; Diffusion ; Economie régionale ; Economie spatiale ; Espace économique ; Impact économique ; Innovation ; Mexique ; Technologie
  • On analyse l'effet des innovations technologiques sur la croissance économique régionale du Mexique dans les années 1995-2007. L'inclusion d'une dimension spatiale dans l'analyse empirique est encore peu pratiquée, ainsi que le modèle d'interaction
  • spatiale et les effets possibles de la diffusion spatiale. On applique les méthodes de l'analyse de données spatiales. L'innovation technologique a un effet positif sur la croissance économique régionale du Mexique. Il y a un effet positif venant des effets
  • de diffusion transfrontaliers des connaissances technologiques. Les Etats dans lesquels les activités innovantes sont plus influentes ont profité d'externalités technologiques spatiales et d'une croissance économique plus rapide.
  • 2014
  • Impact de la crise économique sur la structure spatiale du secteur de la vente au détail en Hongrie
  • Economic crisis ; Economic geography ; Geopolitics ; Hungary ; Impact ; Retail trade ; Spatial structure ; Visegrád Group
  • Commerce de détail ; Crise économique ; Groupe de Visegrád ; Géographie économique ; Géopolitique ; Hongrie ; Impact ; Structure spatiale
  • The aim of the paper is to introduce the changes in the spatial structure of Hungary’s retail sector due to the crisis. First, the emergence and causes of the economic crisis and its impacts on retailing in Hungary and internationally are discussed
  • based on the multidisciplinary review of the Hungarian and international literature. This is followed by a short summary of economic and retail trends in the Visegrad countries during the period of the crisis based on data from the Central Statistical
  • Office, Eurostat and international market research companies. The second part of the paper analyzes the complex consequences of the economic crisis on retail trade turnover and retail shops in Hungary with special regard to geographical differences. - (AM)
  • 2014
  • Is social capital useful for explaining economic development in Polish regions?
  • Civil society ; Economic development ; Economic growth ; Infrastructure ; Investment ; Organization ; Poland ; Social capital ; Social geography
  • The objective of this article is to identify the spatial variation of different forms of social capital in regions of Poland and then to test a hypothesis on the impact of this capital on regional economic development. The results demonstrate
  • that despite the existing differences between regions there are no significant relationships between levels of social capital and economic development. This may be explained either by low social capital levels or by the overall degree of Polish economic
  • 2014
  • [b1] Regional Development Dept., Institute of Geography and Spatial Management, Jagiellonian Univ., Krakow, Pologne
  • Is there really a “wrong side of the tracks”in urban areas and does it matter for spatial analysis?
  • Glasgow ; Neighbourhood ; Scotland ; Social deprivation ; Socio-economic system ; Spatial analysis ; Spatial autocorrelation ; Spatial distribution ; Spatial structure ; United Kingdom ; Urban area
  • Analyse spatiale ; Autocorrélation spatiale ; Distribution spatiale ; Déprise sociale ; Espace urbain ; Glasgow ; Quartier ; Royaume-Uni ; Scotland ; Structure socio-économique ; Structure spatiale
  • not be the basis for altering approaches to handling spatial autocorrelation.
  • 2014
  • The spatial distribution of economic activity in Melbourne, 1971–2000
  • Australia ; Centralisation ; Economic activity ; Industrial cluster ; Industry ; Location ; Melbourne ; Spatial distribution ; Victoria
  • Activité industrielle ; Activité économique ; Australie ; Centralisation ; Dispersion de la population ; Distribution spatiale ; Industrie ; Localisation ; Melbourne ; Regroupement industriel ; Victoria
  • This paper reports an empirical analysis of the distribution of employment by industry in Melbourne and how this changes over time. Depending on the nature of the industry being considered, two main patterns of spatial behavior are found, population
  • 2014
  • Government quality and spatial inequality : a cross-country analysis
  • Economic development ; Governance ; Regional disparities ; Regional economy
  • This paper examines the relationship between government quality and spatial inequality across forty-six countries over the period 1996–2006. Countries with better quality of government register lower levels of spatial inequality. This finding
  • is robust to the inclusion in the analysis of additional explanatory variables that may affect both regional disparities and governance outcomes. The observed link between government quality and spatial inequality is confirmed by various robustness tests.
  • 2014
  • [b1] Department of Economics, Universidad Pública de Navarra, Pamplona, Espagne
  • [b2] Department of Geography and Environment, London School of Economics, London, Royaume-Uni
  • Canada ; Economic geography ; Household ; Metropolitan area ; Regional analysis ; Regional disparities ; Spatial analysis ; Spatial concentration ; Spatial distribution ; Wage inequality
  • Aire métropolitaine ; Analyse régionale ; Analyse spatiale ; Canada ; Concentration spatiale ; Disparités régionales ; Distribution spatiale ; Géographie économique ; Hauts revenus ; Inégalité des revenus ; Ménage
  • considerably. Beneath such national-level figures lie important geographical differences in the income hierarchy: the thresholds, average incomes and socio-economic characteristics of the top 1% vary widely across provinces and cities. Among the most important
  • spatial shifts observed is the growing concentration of high-income groups in energy-rich Western Canada, where Calgary has become the most unequal city in the country.
  • 2014
  • Spatial heterogeneity in hedonic house price models : the case of Austria
  • Analyse spatiale ; Autriche ; Coût du logement ; Coût hédonique ; Hétérogénéité spatiale ; Logement ; Maison individuelle ; Marché immobilier ; Variation spatiale
  • Austria ; Detached house ; Housing ; Housing cost ; Real estate market ; Spatial analysis ; Spatial variation
  • This article examines spatial heterogeneity (SH) in hedonic single-family-house price models through the case of Austria. Due to SH beyond the level of regional indicators, locally weighted regressions are proposed. Mixed geographically weighted
  • regression (MGWR) prevents the limitations of fixed effects by exploring spatially stationary and non-stationary price effects. Besides reducing prediction errors, it is concluded that global model misspecifications arise from improper selected fixed effects.
  • 2014
  • [b4] Dept. of Spatial Economics, VU Univ., Amsterdam, Pays-Bas
  • The green economy and post-growth regimes : opportunities and challenges for economic geography
  • Economic geography ; Green economy ; Sustainable development
  • to the exploration of alternatives to conventional growth-centred economics. It then identifies some emergent spatial facets of post-growth transitions and utilize these to explore potential research topics and opportunities for empirical and conceptual contributions
  • This article explores and critically examines neoliberal discourses on the green economy and smart growth by exploring contributions to debates on green economics proposed by ideas linked to post-growth economies. Based on studies by scholars
  • such as Tim Jackson and Serge Latouche, the article examines the contours of debates on post-growth, décroissance (de-growth) and prosperity without growth. It begins by examining growth debates and existing contributions by economic and other geographers
  • by economic geographers to academic and societal debates on economic transitions and post-growth paradigms. Particular attention is paid to approaches currently discussed in economic geography, such as socio-technical transition studies.
  • 2014
  • [b1] Institute of Geography and Spatial Planning, IPSE Research Unit, Univ. of Luxembourg, Walferdange, Luxembourg
  • Economic development ; Finance ; Financial market ; Geography of financial activity ; Information ; Spatial concentration ; Spatial distribution ; Transnationalism ; World
  • Concentration spatiale ; Distribution spatiale ; Développement économique ; Finance ; Géographie financière ; Information ; Marché financier ; Monde ; Transnationalisme
  • in accessing soft and confidential information and shows that, by the same token, from greater distances only hard and public information is accessible. The A. examines the main factors of spatial concentration and deconcentration (dispersions) of financial
  • markets. He argues, that the fragmentation involved in the trans-nationalisation of financial activities does not affect the controlling-power positions of traditional financial centres. The last part of the paper examines the role of the spatial
  • distribution of financial institutions in geographical disparities and their role in economic development. - (AM)
  • 2014
  • Do regions with entrepreneurial neighbours perform better? a spatial econometric approach for German regions
  • Allemagne ; Capital d'amorçage ; Connaissance ; Dépendance spatiale ; Développement régional ; Econométrie ; Entreprise ; Esprit d'entreprise ; Modèle ; Retombées
  • Econometry ; Entrepreneurship ; Firm ; Germany ; Knowledge ; Model ; Regional development ; Spatial dependence ; Spillover
  • This article analyses the effects of knowledge spillovers via entrepreneurship on economic performance of 337 German districts. Positive knowledge spillover effects via entrepreneurship and competitiveness – improving the effects of entrepreneurship
  • capital within a certain region as well as between regions – are found. However, the significance of the spatial spillover effects largely depends on the choice of the weight matrix. This is seen as evidence that positive and negative spatial spillover
  • 2014
  • [b1] Macro Analysis and Forecasting, German Institute for Economic Research, Berlin, Allemagne
  • Explaining the spatial variation in homeownership rates : results for German regions
  • Accession à la propriété ; Allemagne ; Analyse spatiale ; Coût du logement ; Disparités régionales ; Dépendance spatiale ; Logement ; Marché du logement ; Ménage ; Variation spatiale
  • Acquiring property ; Germany ; Household ; Housing ; Housing cost ; Housing market ; Regional disparities ; Spatial analysis ; Spatial dependence ; Spatial variation
  • 2014
  • [b1] Institute for Spatial and Housing Economics, Univ., Muenster, Allemagne
  • The provincial pattern of the relationship between urbanization and economic development in China
  • China ; Economic development ; Provincial region ; Regional analysis ; Scale ; Spatial analysis ; Statistical analysis ; Urbanization
  • Analyse régionale ; Analyse spatiale ; Analyse statistique ; Chine ; Développement économique ; Echelle ; Région provinciale ; Urbanisation
  • Based on data from 124 countries or regions throughout the world and 31 provinces or autonomous regions in China, applying improved methods using the quadrant map approach, this paper analyzed the spatial pattern of the relationship between China's
  • urbanization and economic development level. The results highlighted : 6 categories of over-urbanization; There are significant regional differences on a provincial scale in the relationships between urbanization and the level of economic development
  • ; The provincial pattern of urbanization and economic development is significantly different between east and west; The relationship between urbanization and the level of economic development is similar to the Matthew effect. Hence, 2 important insights
  • 2014
  • Getting a full-time job as a part-time unemployed : How much does spatial context matter?
  • This paper investigates the extent to which differences in the probability to exit from part-time unemployment to a full-time job are accountable for by spatial contextual factors and individual characteristics. To correctly incorporate contextual
  • indicate that there is a contextual effect and that there are some spatial spill-over effects from neighbouring municipalities, and that the unemployment rate partly explains the context variability. Furthermore, the contextual effect is found
  • 2014
  • [b2] Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE),Univ., Jönköping, Suede
  • [b1] Dept. of Economics and Statistics, Centre for Labour Market and Discrimination Studies, Univ., Linnaeus, Suede
  • Employment, transport infrastructure, and rural depopulation : a new spatial equilibrium model
  • This paper proposes a new spatial equilibrium model, and use it to discuss issues related to rural depopulation. The discussion focuses on how investments in transport infrastructure and the spatial distribution of basic-sector jobs can promote
  • a relatively balanced growth of peripheral and central areas of a region. It also studies how the location of bifurcation points depend on spatial interaction behavioural parameters and variables subject to regional policy. It also discusses the issue
  • 2014
  • [b1] Dept. of Health Management and Health Economics, Univ., Oslo, Norvege
  • [b3] NHH Norwegian School of Economics, Bergen, Norvege
  • Do spatial interdependencies matter in Italian regional specialization ?
  • Economic activity ; Economic geography ; Economic structure ; Italy ; Regional analysis ; Regional economy ; Spatial dependence ; Specialization
  • Activité économique ; Analyse régionale ; Dépendance spatiale ; Economie régionale ; Géographie économique ; Italie ; Spécialisation ; Structure économique
  • Cet article récapitule et évalue les effets des interdépendances spatiales dans la spécialisation régionale en Italie pendant la période 1995-2006. On effectue une analyse spatiale exploratoire de données (ESDA) et on évalue un modèle de données
  • spatiales de panel construit selon la nouvelle théorie de géographie économique. ESDA révèle une interdépendance spatiale positive en général et détecte des points chauds dans les espaces du Nord et froids dans ceux du sud pour tous les secteurs, mais
  • 2014
  • Applying economic-based analytical regions : a study of the spatial distribution of employment in Spain
  • Agglomeration ; Economic geography ; Economic region ; Employment ; Regional analysis ; Regional disparities ; Regionalization ; Spain ; Spatial distribution
  • Agglomération ; Analyse régionale ; Disparités régionales ; Distribution spatiale ; Emploi ; Espagne ; Géographie économique ; Région économique ; Régionalisation
  • d'habiter dans des grandes villes ou à proximité d'aires métropolitaines augmente les possibilités d'emploi. Il est nécessaire de disposer de données davantage désagrégées au plan spatial pour aller au delà les insuffisances des découpages administratifs.
  • 2014