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  • Technical efficiency and economic performance: some evidence from Ghana
  • What determines local governments' cost-efficiency? the case of road maintenance
  • Economic cost ; Economic efficiency ; Economy ; Facilities ; Financing ; Germany ; Public expenditure ; Road system ; Rurality
  • Allemagne ; Coût économique ; Dépenses publiques ; Economie ; Efficacité économique ; Efficience ; Equipement ; Financement ; Gouvernement local ; Ruralité ; Voirie
  • This paper investigates the determinants of local governments' cost-efficiency in road maintenance for a panel of German counties using a broad variety of estimation approaches. More specifically, efficiency indices were calculated using non
  • to the counties influence efficiency negatively. Concerning political variables the results show weak evidence that efficiency decreases with an increasing share of seats of left-wing parties in the county council.
  • Partial efficiencies in data envelopment analysis
  • Data analysis ; Decision ; Economic efficiency ; Factor of production ; Index ; Model ; Multiplicator ; Optimization
  • Cases where partial efficiency indices are required for different activities within the same decision making unit are discussed. An example encountered in a specific case of applying data envelopment analysis is analyzed. The problems faced when
  • Increased energy economy and efficiency in the ECE Region| study on measures taken, or which might be taken, to achieve increased economy and efficiency in the extraction, conversion, transport and use of energy in the ECE Region
  • United Nations. Economic Commission for Europe
  • Developments in productivity and efficiency in Russia's agriculture : the transition period.
  • Agriculture ; Economic efficiency ; Local economy ; Productivity ; Russia ; Technical progress
  • efficiency, technological change, and - both aggregated as overall index - on Total Factor Productivity (TFP). - (L'A.).
  • Dostepnosc, efektywnosc i przestrzenna organizacja. (Accessibility, efficiency and spatial organization)
  • The author makes a hypothesis that higher spatial equity not always means lower economic efficiency, as it is usually assumed. He tries to verify this hypothesis partially, in this way that he works out some alternative spatial organizations
  • and evaluates them from the point of view of spatial equity and economic efficiency. The alternatives are as follows: egalitarian, concentrated, moderate and moderately concentrated. He assumes spatial accessibility and costs as measures-representatives
  • of spatial equity and economic efficiency. With the accepted assumptions concerning the concentration of set-tlements and investments, economies of scale, and transport system, concentrated alternative proved to be not only cheaper, but also more advantageous
  • these conditions and limits, it is possible to obtain economies of large scale and to improve spatial accessibility simultaneously. Thus, higher spatial equity can be accompanied by a higher economic efficiency. (l'A.).
  • Efficiency and productive specialization : an application to the Spanish regions
  • Economic efficiency ; Economic sector ; Labour productivity ; Methodology ; Production ; Regional economy ; Spain ; Specialization
  • Farm size and economic efficiency: the case of California
  • Economic indicators of the farm sector: production and efficiency statistics, 1979
  • Efficiency and perceived quality of the nation's top 25 national universities and national liberal arts colleges: an application of data envelopment analysis to higher education
  • Economic cost ; Economic efficiency ; Education ; Indicator ; Productivity ; Satisfaction ; Students ; United States ; University
  • The results indicate how DEA may be used to measure relative efficiency of these higher education U.S. institutions from commonly available performance indicators.
  • Allocative efficiency of rural Nevada water systems: a hedonic shadow cost function
  • Countryside ; Economic efficiency ; Hedonistic model ; Nevada ; Price fixing ; United States of America ; Utility fonction ; Water ; Water economics ; Water use
  • The efficiency of the water utility firms in rural Nevada and their input optimization are examined. The methodology incorporates a hedonic specification of the cost function in estimating the effect of the regulatory environment and the quality
  • Sectoral shifts, employment specialization and the efficiency of matching : an analysis using UK regional data
  • Adaptation ; Economic efficiency ; Employment ; Labour market ; Region ; Specialization ; United Kingdom
  • Economic efficiency gains from urban public transport regulatory reform : two case studies of changes in Europe
  • Economic efficiency ; Economic reform ; Europe ; European Union ; Public transport ; Regulation ; Transport network ; Transport policy ; Urban transport
  • The economic (in)efficiency of devolution
  • Decentralization ; Economic efficiency ; Economic growth ; Model ; Power ; Region ; Regionalism ; Resource management
  • Economic development, 1971-1982
  • Economic movements (gross material product and production investment, productivity and efficiency, employment, foreign economic relations, prices and living standards, basic characteristics of economic movements by republic and autonomous province
  • )| some causes of unfavourable economic movements.
  • Local public goods, heterogeneous population, voluntary transfers, and constrained efficient allocations
  • When the individuals are identical with respect to their marginal rate of substitution of private for public goods since local authorities will make efficient transfers to other regions by themselves, an intervention of the central government
  • is not necessary. The A. shows that an efficient population distribution in a federation is not guaranteed if individuals differ with respect to their marginal benefit from public consumption even if communities make transfers. The importance of the preference
  • [b1] Dep. of Economics, Univ., Bamberg, Allemagne
  • Towards more efficient transportation networks in Nigeria
  • After reviewing the network during the colonial period, the author suggests a strategy to improve the system in order to promote socio-economic integration. (EMS).
  • Far from the core – regions and industrial parks in economic shadow in Hungary (Part two)
  • Economic crisis ; Economic development ; Economic efficiency ; Hungary ; Industrial park ; Industrialization
  • The second part of the paper deals with economic efficiency of top firms that are settled into industrial parks of modestly developed and less favoured counties of Hungary. Analyses were carried on using financial and statistical indicators
  • published by different institutions and firms. The conclusion of the study is that the economic crisis burst in 2008 has affected adversely both the annual revenues and profits of the top firms settled into industrial parks of the counties. - (AM)
  • Input–output efficiency of urban agglomerations in China : an application of data envelopment analysis (DEA)
  • China ; Data ; Economic efficiency ; Growth pole ; Urban agglomeration ; Urban economy ; Urban population
  • This paper investigates the data envelopment efficiency of urban agglomerations in China with different population sizes and geographical locations. It first explores the relationship between the elements that make up a decomposed model
  • of efficiency and compares the efficiency performance of China’s UAs with that of 35 central cities. Moreover, the exogenous factors determining the input–output efficiency of UAs, the question of how to improve UAs’ efficiency performance, as well as the focus
  • [b3] School of Economics and Management, Forestry Univ., Beijing, Chine
  • Efficiency and equity in externalities: a partial equilibrium analysis
  • Concept ; Economic behaviour ; Economic efficiency ; Externalities ; Location ; Model ; Optimization ; Taxation system ; Utility fonction