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  • Un processus d'identification territoriale : le conflit de l'East Rand, 1990-1994
  • Afrique du Sud ; Apartheid ; Conflit ; East Rand ; Ethnie ; Gauteng ; Identité territoriale ; Morphologie urbaine ; Syndicat ; Ville ; Violence
  • Apartheid ; Conflict ; East Rand ; Ethnic community ; Gauteng ; South Africa ; Territorial identity ; Town ; Trade union ; Urban morphology ; Violence
  • The internationalization of corporate RandD and the automotive industry RandD of East-Central Europe
  • Car industry ; Central-East Europe ; Czech Republic ; Foreign investment ; Industrial location ; Industry ; Internationalization ; Research and development ; Value added ; Value chain
  • An analysis of RandD activities in North East England manufacturing firms: the results of a sample survey
  • Production site RandD in a mature industrial region
  • The AA. show that the absence of free-standing RandD units is paralleled by limited RandD activities within production sites. The most frequently cited suppliers of RandD are consultants together with local colleges and universities. Limited RandD
  • – of a citizens view ; between de-industrialisation and re-industrialisation in East Germany ; the urban development promotion as an important companion of the East German transformation process ; Research and development (RandD) and innovations in East Germany
  • The twelve articles deal with the supporting measures for the East German convergence process through fiscal balancing systems and spatially effective federal funds ; the adjustment of living conditions since the unification of Germany
  • : structural differences determine the backlog ; the development of the labour market in East German regions ; the demographic change as a determining side effect of the East German transformation process ; 20 years after the unification and municipal finances
  • in an East-West comparison ; the coexistence of growth process and losses of potential after 20 years ; East German regions in the development splits between Western and Eastern Europe ; current challenges of the East German transformation process
  • for structural policy ; the and need for economic policy action in East Germany in the future. - (IfL)
  • The development of Sweden's RandD-intensive electronics industries: exports, outsourcing, and territorial distribution
  • The AA. explore the relationship between RandD intensity, territorial distribution, subcontracting, and establishment performance in the RandD-intensive electronic industries. Their export performance is considered first (relationship
  • with employment characteristics and territorial location). An analysis of the territorial distribution provides insights on the significance of lower costs and higher RandD intensity for small-scale operations.
  • A place for RandD ? The Singapore science park
  • The paper explores the realities of science park formation. Adequate institutional thickness and local embeddedness apply only to a small number of RandD firms in the Park. The myth that spatial proximity to RandD institutions and organisations
  • automatically results in collaborative efforts is examined. There is an urgent need for a transformation in the prevailing thinking of economic planning, RandD policies and urban development.
  • The scale and scope of process RandD in the Irish pharmaceutical industry
  • This paper analyses the changing role of Ireland in the global process RandD networks of the pharmaceutical companies. It is based on data collected in an email survey of all pharmaceutical establishments in Ireland and face-to-face interviews
  • with 13 companies. It outlines the various stages of the process RandD cycle and assesses the involvement of the Irish establishments at each stage. Far from a uniform undifferentiated activity, process RandD comprises a range of activities. The results
  • show that although Irish plants are increasing their involvement in process RandD, this involvement tends to be concentrated in the last stages of the cycle.
  • Les exportations du Swaziland sont assez diversifiées: sucre| pâte de bois non blanchie| minerai de fer| chrysolite (amiante)| bois brut et manufacturé| etc... Au total, les importations du Swaziland se sont élevées en 1974 à 87,8millions de rands
  • (Rand= 300FCFA), contre 66,6millions de rands en 1973. Sur ces montants, la part de l'Afrique du Sud a été respectivement de 82,9millions et 61,3millions de rands. Voir la liste des principales importations.
  • The globalization of Japanese RandD: the economic geography of Japanese RandD investment in the United States
  • Academic research strengths and multinational firms’ foreign RandD location decisions : evidence from RandD investments in European regions
  • This paper analyzes the determinants of the location of a host multinational RandD projects in NUTS-1 regions of EU-15 countries during the period 2003–08. It finds that the probability of RandD projects being located in a host region is positively
  • affected by the host region’s academic strength—after controlling for industry agglomeration, the technological strength of the region, RandD tax incentives, and other characteristics of host locations. The results further suggest that a major mechanism
  • through which academic research attracts foreign RandD is the supply of PhD graduates.
  • Agglomeration economies and firm RandD efforts : an analysis of China’s electronics and telecommunications industries
  • This study conducts empirical analysis to test the role of agglomeration economies in RandD efforts using plant-level data of the electronic and telecommunication equipment manufacturing industry in 2007. Statistical results suggest that both
  • localization and urbanization economies significantly affect firm RandD. Downstream sectors are the major driving force of business RandD. Downstream firms are more likely to generate externalities than upstream ones. Upstream and midstream agglomerations even
  • In-house RandD efforts, rather than imported technologies, are the primary sources of industrial innovation in China. Regarding these efforts, it is found that in-house RandD laboratories are important sources for the creation of new products
  • , though it is enterprise-wide RandD spending rather than the mere presence of in-house facilities that is more likely to lead to market success. The limited nature of efforts to absorb imported technologies has become a serious barrier to fulfilling
  • les thèmes suivants sont abordés dans l'article : 1. L'importance économique globale de la recherche-développement (RandD), 2. Comparaison internationale des tendances, 3. Conséquences à court et à long terme, 4. Mondialisation de la RandD, 5
  • . Facteurs de localisation, 6. La dimension régionale, 7. La répartition régionale des capacités industrielles en RandD, 8. La répartition régionale des industries intensives en recherche, 9. RandD dans les organismes publics de recherche en Allemagne. - (MT)
  • The geography of RandD : tobit analysis and a Bayesian approach to mapping RandD activities in the Netherlands
  • Does location matter for firms' RandD behaviour ? Empirical evidence for Danish firms
  • Les AA. se demandent si la localisation régionale est importante dans le comportement des entreprises à l'égard de la recherche-développement. La probabilité que les entreprises implantées dans les villes fassent plus de RandD que celles qui sont
  • implantées ailleurs est testée. Les données n'étayent pas l'affirmation d'une hiérarchisation urbaine de la RandD des entreprises danoises. D'autres facteurs non régionaux ont un impact non négligeable sur le comportement des entreprises. Importance de l'âge
  • Rand Mc Nally Atlas of China
  • Geographiedidaktische Forschung in Belgien : am Rande des Interesses (Recherche en didactique de la géographie en Belgique : à la limite de l'intérêt)
  • RandD accessibility and regional export diversity
  • Cet article cherche à examiner comment la RandD d'un établissement et la proximité géographique et technologique de la RandD externe influent sur la productivité d'un établissement.