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  • Czech Republic ; Drinking water ; Erz Mountains ; Germany ; Pollution ; River basin ; Surface water ; Water ; Water pollution ; Water quality
  • 2003
  • Decentralization ; Drinking water ; France ; Geopolitics ; Marketing channel ; Organism ; Regulation ; Sanitation improvement ; Territorial unit ; Water ; Water economics ; Water management ; Water quality ; Water use
  • 2003
  • Bangladesh ; Drinking water ; Health ; Medical geography ; Morbidity ; Research programme ; Water
  • 2003
  • Drinking water ; Heavy industry ; Venezuela ; Viability ; Water ; Water management ; Water resources ; Water use
  • 2003
  • Ecological systems of water management in rural areas
  • Agriculture ; Drainage network ; Field experiment ; Poland ; River basin ; Rural area ; Water management ; Water resources
  • Poland has poor water resources. Moreover, they are unevenly distributed in space and time. Some types of human activity diminished water resources and increased the frequency of extreme phenomena such as floods and draughts. Suitable water
  • management in rural areas can help enlarge water resources and minimize the negative effect of agriculture on natural flora and fauna. Field studies and approximate calculations showed that treatments, consisting in the increase of swampy areas, number
  • of water pools and small water reservoirs, elevating water level in eroded rivers and canals, improvement of the soil structure, regulation of outflows from the drainage systems, etc. can significantly enlarge water resources in river basins. - (BJ)
  • 2003
  • Water resources in Botswana with particular reference to the Savanna regions
  • Botswana ; Dry farming ; Natural resources ; Savanna ; Sustainable development ; Water ; Water management ; Water resources
  • planning, focusing on both the short an long-term effects of water use, is needed in water management strategies. - (AJC)
  • 2003
  • Climate change and ground water
  • Aquifer ; Climatic warming ; Global change ; Hydrogeology ; Natural recharge ; Population growth ; Simulation ; Texas ; United States of America ; Water cycle ; Water use
  • -water recharge and to simulate ground-water flow and solute transport in a warmer, 2xCO2 climate. In addition, it outlines the development of a methodology to quantify the effects of climate change and of changes in ground-water use by population growth
  • 2003
  • Forest conversion, water availability and water use in central Sulawesi, Indonesia
  • Forest ; Indonesia ; Land clearing ; Rural population ; Water ; Water supply
  • 2003
  • Net water vapour exchange over a mixed needle and broad-leaved forest in Changbai Mountain during autumn
  • Autumn ; China ; Evapotranspiration ; Forest ; Global change ; Heat flow ; Jilin ; Land atmosphere interaction ; Mountain ; Radiation ; Water vapor
  • Net water vapour exchange and environmental control over the forest were examined from September 1 to October 31 in 2002. To quantify the seasonal dynamics, the transition period was separated into leafed, leaf falling and leafless stages according
  • to the development of leaf area. The results showed that : seasonal variation of water vapour exchange was mainly controlled by net radiation; magnitude of water vapour flux decreased remarkably during autumn. Daily mean of water vapour exchange for leafed, leaf
  • falling and leafless stage was respectively estimated. The budget of water vapour exchange during autumn was also estimated.
  • 2003
  • Resource management ; Water ; Water deficit ; Water economics ; Water needs ; Water resources ; World
  • The scarcity of water is a world wide problem which directly affects over 1.2 billion people, mostly, in the third world. The threat is rapidly growing but mass media generally forget a question that also international agencies tend to underestimate
  • . The consequences range from human health to ecology and to economy and politics. The AA. try to frame the subject. From the economic side, limited water resources pose a question about which activities to privilege or abandon. From the political one
  • , there is a debate opposing the concept of public good to privatization and the creation of water markets. - (NF)
  • 2003
  • Quantification of shallow water quality parameters by means of remote sensing
  • AVHRR ; Bibliography ; Chlorophyll ; Hydrology ; LANDSAT ; Remote sensing ; Surface water ; Suspended load ; Thematic Mapper ; Turbidity ; Water quality
  • This paper evaluates the quantification of 4 types of water quality parameters : inorganic sediment particles, phytoplankton pigments, coloured dissolved organic material and Secchi disk depth. It concentrates on quantification requirements, as well
  • 2003
  • The water level simulation for crane habitat optimisation in Xianghai Nature Reserve
  • The water level simulation for optimization of crane habitat in Xianghai wetland is based on the grid analysis modular of GIS, so it needs not only topographic information but also the landscape type information. In this paper, the effect on reed
  • distribution scopes and reed area when the water level changes are discussed, as well the threshold value of water level when the reed area is the maximum.
  • 2003
  • Bibliography ; Groundwater ; Inter-disciplinary approach ; Research ; Spain ; Water management ; Water pollution ; Water resources ; Water supply ; Water use
  • 2003
  • Oxugen-18 in different waters in Urumqi River Basin
  • Altitude ; China ; Firn ; Fluvial water ; Hydrology ; Isotope analysis ; Meltwater ; Oxygen 18 ; Precipitation ; Sampling ; Temperature ; Water cycle ; Watershed ; Xinjiang
  • The variations of the stable oxygen isotope in different water mediums in Urumqi River Basin are analysed to provide the basic isotope data for the application of environmental isotopes in hydrological investigations and assess the impact
  • of different factors on water cycle. The stable oxygen isotope in precipitation has marked temperature effect either under synoptic or seasonal scale at the head of Urumqi River. Presentation and discussion of the results of delta O 18 in precipitation
  • , in surface firn, in glacier meltwater and in stream water.
  • 2003
  • Ecological water demand : the case of the slope systems in the East Liaohe River Basin
  • China ; Ecosystem ; Geographical information system ; Hydrology ; Jilin ; Seasonal variation ; Spatial distribution ; Water balance ; Water cycle ; Water management ; Water needs ; Watershed
  • Basin were analyzed. With these results, the spatial and temporal changes of the ecological water demand in the slope systems (EWDSS) of the East Liaohe River Basin (ELRB) were derived. Landscapes in the ELRB are dispersed and strongly disturbed by human
  • 2003
  • Facilities ; France ; Large town ; Sanitation improvement ; Town ; Water cycle ; Water economics ; Water management ; Water quality ; Water resources ; Water supply
  • 2003
  • Polluted water ; Russia ; Sustainable development ; Water economics ; Water management ; Water quality ; Water resources ; Water use
  • 2003
  • Water productivity in agriculture : limits and opportunities for improvement
  • Africa ; Agricultural productivity ; Agricultural use ; Agriculture ; Agroecosystem ; Agroforestry ; Asia ; Cereal ; Crop ; Cultivated plants ; Irrigation ; Tropical zone ; Water ; Water management ; Water resources ; Water use
  • 2003
  • Climate ; Dam ; Eutrophication ; Hydraulic works ; Impact ; Salinisation ; Tunisia ; Water ; Water budget ; Water quality
  • The climate contribute in a large measure, either to improve the quality of water in Sidi Salem and Sidi Saad dams, either to accelerate their deterioration. Consequently, the waters of Sidi Saad dam are submitted to the risk of an increasing
  • salinisation, especially when rainfall decreases and/or temperatures increase. On the other hand, the risk of eutrophisation is the more preoccupying in Sidi Salem, especially when contributions of water regress. - (BJ)
  • 2003
  • Enquiry ; Municipality ; Poland ; Polluted water ; Rural area ; Statistics ; Water ; Water purification ; Water supply
  • The aim of the present paper was to analyse the local communities attitudes to water supply and sewage. The analysis concerned the rural municipalities in Poland, characterised by low economic growth and poor infrastructure, where the investment
  • tendency is declining. The necessary statistical data were obtained from the Central Statistical Office in Warsaw and from the municipalities. The employees of 159 municipalities were thoroughly (by telephone) interviewed about the water mains and sewage
  • 2003