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  • Travel distances in daily travel and long-distance travel: what role is played by urban form?
  • Commune ; Densité de population ; Densité urbaine ; Distance parcourue ; Espace urbain ; Forme urbaine ; Ménage ; Trajet à buts multiples ; Transport ; Utilisation du sol
  • Distance travelled ; Household ; Land use ; Multi-purpose trip ; Municipality ; Population density ; Transport ; Urban area ; Urban density
  • This article examines travel distances in daily trips based on random day trip diaries and long-distance trips for private and business purposes. First, it analyses the effects of municipality size classes based on population, population density
  • , and land-use mix, while controlling for sociodemographics. Second, it finds distances travelled on long-distance trips and daily trips to be affected by sociodemographics in much the same way, while spatial effects affect distances travelled on daily
  • and long-distance trips mostly in different directions. Residents of small municipalities and low-density neighbourhoods make fewer and/or shorter long-distance journeys than those living in large cities and high-density neighbourhoods, but the latter
  • travel shorter distances in their daily lives.
  • 2014
  • Is your commute killing you? On the mortality risks of long-distance commuting
  • Distance-temps ; Femme ; Géographie sociale ; Homme ; Mode de transport ; Mortalité ; Risque ; Suède ; Trajet domicile-travail ; Transport
  • Form of transport ; Journey to work ; Mortality ; Risk ; Social geography ; Sweden ; Time-distance ; Transport ; Woman
  • This article examines the mortality risks of long-distance commuting in Sweden. The results indicate that women who have experienced long-distance commuting face a significantly higher mortality risk compared with women with short commutes to work
  • . A very different picture emerges for men, for whom mortality risks do not seem to be associated with long-distance commuting. Our findings suggest that men and women are subject to different mechanisms regarding the nexus between commuting and mortality.
  • 2014
  • Access to supermarkets among poorer neighborhoods : a comparison of time and distance measures
  • Accessibilité ; Alimentation ; Banlieue ; Centre-ville ; Distance-temps ; Espace urbain ; Etats-Unis ; Ménage ; Oregon ; Pauvreté ; Portland ; Quartier ; Supermarché
  • Accessibility ; Food ; Household ; Inner city ; Neighbourhood ; Oregon ; Poverty ; Suburbs ; Time-distance ; United States of America ; Urban area
  • This article assesses neighborhood differences in access to supermarkets for the Portland, Oregon region. It shows that poor and nonpoor outer neighborhoods have longer average travel times and distances to nearby supermarkets than their more
  • centralized counterparts. It also demonstrates that the former fare better on travel distance than nonpoor outer neighborhoods do, but endure penalties in longer travel times. This research suggests that more nuanced methodology will be required for us
  • 2014
  • Distance parcourue ; Espace bâti ; Genre ; Logement ; Marché du travail ; Ménage ; Niveau d'instruction ; Quartier résidentiel ; Suède ; Trajet domicile-travail ; Transport
  • Built up area ; Distance travelled ; Educational level ; Gender ; Household ; Housing ; Journey to work ; Labour market ; Residential neighbourhood ; Sweden ; Transport
  • This article uses multilevel models based on official register data covering the total Swedish working population to explore how home–work distance varied among workers and across residential areas between 1990 and 2010. The results indicate growing
  • variation in home–work distance for workers living in the same residential neighborhoods and that the significance of residential location for the home–work distance decreased throughout the studied period. The results may suggest that there is less scope
  • 2014
  • Assessing the localization pattern of German manufacturing and service industries : a distance-based approach
  • Activité économique ; Allemagne ; Concentration d'entreprises ; Distance ; Industrie ; Industrie manufacturière ; Localisation industrielle ; Main-d'oeuvre qualifiée ; Secteur industriel ; Service
  • Distance ; Economic activity ; Firm concentration ; Germany ; Industrial location ; Industrial sector ; Industry ; Service ; Skilled labour
  • This paper assesses the localization pattern of German manufacturing and service industries through the distance-based approach. It is found that the location pattern of 71% of the manufacturing industries departs from randomness in the sense
  • 2014
  • Travel time and distance as relative accessibility in the journey to work
  • Accessibilité ; Aire métropolitaine ; Colorado ; Denver ; Distance parcourue ; Distance-temps ; Etats-Unis ; Famille ; Ménage ; Métropole ; Statut social ; Statut économique ; Trajet domicile-travail ; Transport
  • Accessibility ; Colorado ; Distance travelled ; Family ; Household ; Journey to work ; Large city ; Metropolitan area ; Social status ; Time-distance ; Transport ; United States of America
  • Using a linear and nonlinear perspective on time–distance relations, the AA. define a new pair of contrasting notions : monotonic versus nonmonotonic accessibility to investigate diverging commuting experiences. They demonstrate this idea
  • 2014
  • Accessibilité ; Distance ; Education ; England and Wales ; Expertise ; Impact ; Qualité du service ; Royaume-Uni ; Service ; Service juridique ; Téléphone
  • Accessibility ; Distance ; Education ; England and Wales ; Expertise ; Impact ; Service ; Telephone ; United Kingdom
  • barrières causées par la distance aux sources de conseil, et aussi leur capacité de fournir des services comparables et de réaliser des résultats semblables aux services face-à-face. Les services téléphoniques s'interposent vis-à-vis de l'impact de la
  • distance, et l'on peut se demander s'il y a une réelle comparabilité du service offert selon les deux modes.
  • 2014
  • Cognitive distance and obstacles to subsidiary business success-The experience of Chinese companies in Germany
  • Allemagne ; Chine ; Distance cognitive ; Entreprise multinationale ; Filiale ; Géographie sociale ; Hessen ; Nordrhein-Westfalen ; Région d'accueil ; Siège social
  • This paper takes the firm perspective and examines cognitive distance regarding not only the host region, but also the knowledge of the firms involved. It uses qualitative information from an extensive study of Chinese affiliates in Frankfurt
  • 2014
  • Catastrophe ; Crue ; Digue de protection ; Distance au CBD ; Distance-temps ; Etats-Unis ; Hauteur ; Louisiana ; New Orleans ; Ouragan ; Perte de population ; Population ; Variation spatiale
  • Catastrophe ; Distance from city centre ; Flood ; Hurricane ; Louisiana ; New Orleans ; Population ; Protection dyke ; Spatial variation ; Time-distance ; United States of America
  • such as proximity (distance or travel time) to the central business district (CBD), a natural environment variable “elevation”, and two composite socio-demographic indices derived from variables in the census. The research reveals a U-shaped population-change
  • profile with distance or travel time from the CBD, population loss bottomed at 4–5 kilometers (10–15 minutes) from the CBD and recovered towards both the CBD and suburbs. This suggests possible converging forces of suburbanization (that is, a nationwide
  • 2014
  • The A. examined the relative influence of 8 spatial characteristics on native plant diversity in 22 volcanic high islands of eastern Polynesia : island area, highest elevation, distance to the nearest continent, distance to the nearest archipelago
  • , distance to the nearest similar island, index of isolation, distance to the largest and highest island of Tahiti, and distance to the cyclonic alley. Among characteristics studied, native plant diversity (indigenous and endemic species) was primarily linked
  • 2014
  • Accessibilité ; Centre satellite ; Distance parcourue ; Distance-temps ; Edo state ; Localisation ; Maladie ; Nigéria ; Patient ; Santé
  • Accessibility ; Disease ; Distance travelled ; Health ; Location ; Nigeria ; Time-distance
  • healthcare for CKD patients at the earlier stages of the disease. In order to minimise the distance between CKD patients and CKD healthcare facilities. The results indicate that the current healthcare structure was not efficient and identified potential
  • 2014
  • ANTONIONI (M.) ; Cinéma ; Communication ; Corps humain ; Culturel ; Distance ; Espace ; Langage ; Paysage ; Spatialité
  • Cinema ; Communication ; Cultural studies ; Distance ; Human body ; Landscape ; Space ; Spatiality
  • Les films d'Antonioni se caractérisent par l'effacement des dialogues de la parole et de la musique au profit d'une large utilisation des espaces : paysages géographiques, effets de distance et de proximité. On fusionne paysages, objets et
  • 2014
  • “I Want my children to know Sudan” : narrating the long-distance intimacies of diasporic politics
  • , by recognizing the intimate and affective scalings through which long-distance political subjects distantly engage with, take responsibility for, and actively remake their home. Finally, this article calls for empirical attention to new nationalisms
  • 2014
  • Analyse régionale ; Demande ; Distance ; Distribution continue ; Economie ; Equipement ; Localisation ; Système d'information géographique
  • Demand ; Distance ; Economy ; Facilities ; Geographical information system ; Location ; Regional analysis
  • 2014
  • Esophageal cancer spatial and correlation analyses : Water pollution, mortality rates, and safe buffer distances in China
  • , and national water quality grades in China's primary rivers and lakes. Esophageal cancer data were grouped based on different water quality grades, which included a scaled buffer distance from rivers and lakes. The results revealed a significant positive
  • correlation between widespread water pollution and esophageal cancer mortality nationwide; and a significant negative correlation between esophageal cancer mortality, and buffer distance from rivers and lakes.
  • 2014
  • Centralité ; Densité de population ; Distance ; Gradient de densité ; Hiérarchie urbaine ; Lieux centraux ; Localisation ; Modèle urbain ; Polycentrisme ; Réseau de villes
  • Central places ; Centrality ; Density gradient ; Distance ; Location ; Polycentrism ; Population density ; System of cities ; Urban hierarchy ; Urban model
  • remplacer l'ensemble des distances à tous les centres avec un ensemble plus petit de distances qui correspond au nombre de niveaux dans la hiérarchie et varie avec la localisation. La portée des investigations empiriques peut être étendue naturellement de
  • 2014
  • The paper gives an overview on the birth of financial geography as an established subdiscipline of Earth Sciences and introduces the main topical issues in financial geographical research. It highlights the decisive role of geographical distance
  • in accessing soft and confidential information and shows that, by the same token, from greater distances only hard and public information is accessible. The A. examines the main factors of spatial concentration and deconcentration (dispersions) of financial
  • 2014
  • Centre-périphérie ; Distance au CBD ; Dépeuplement ; Emploi ; Espace rural ; Infrastructure ; Investissement ; Marché du travail ; Transport
  • Core-periphery ; Depopulation ; Distance from city centre ; Employment ; Infrastructure ; Investment ; Labour market ; Rural area ; Transport
  • 2014
  • gardeners practice detachment: distancing themselves from the act of killing slugs but yet avowing the violence of their actions; acknowledging the limits of their capacities to bend space to their will and imagination; recognising the vulnerability of slugs
  • -than-human ethics. In conclusion the paper argues for looser mappings of relationality and ethics that attend more fully to the distance between species.
  • 2014
  • celle des d'unités de recherche voisines pondérées par l'inverse des distances. Cette relation négative est compatible avec la notion de compétition pour la priorité des découvertes parmi les chercheurs individuels et les universités qui les emploient
  • , et avec la notion que la propension à délocaliser diminue avec la distance.
  • 2014