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  • Fire and cyclone damage to woody vegetation on the north coast of the Northern Territory, Australia
  • Australia ; Coastal environment ; Cyclone ; Ecology ; Fire ; Forest ; Northern Territory ; Savanna ; Tropical rain forest ; Vegetation degradation
  • Australie ; Cyclone ; Dégradation de la végétation ; Ecologie ; Feu ; Forêt ; Forêt tropicale ; Littoral ; Northern Territory ; Savane
  • This paper records 1) the impact of a wildfire on permanent quadrats established along a moisture gradient in a subcoastal wet monsoon rainforest and 2) the impact of a tropical cyclone on permanent quadrats established across a boundary between dry
  • 1994
  • Régénération après passage du cyclone Hugo en forêt dense humide de Guadeloupe
  • Cyclone ; Ecosystem ; Forest ; Guadeloupe ; Tropical zone ; Vegetation dynamics
  • Cyclone ; Dynamique de la végétation ; Ecosystème ; Forêt ; Guadeloupe ; Zone intertropicale
  • Le passage de ce cyclone a été pris en compte pour apprécier les comportements des principales espèces rencontrées en forêt dense humide. Ce type de catastrophe explique les dynamiques naturelles qui s'opèrent au sein de tels écosystèmes. - (MI)
  • 1994
  • Le passage dévastateur d'un ouragan: conséquences socio-économiques. Le cas du cyclone Hugo en Guadeloupe
  • Antilles ; Catastrophe ; Cyclone tropical ; Dynamique de l'atmosphère ; Economie ; Gestion de l'environnement ; Guadeloupe ; Impact ; Ouragan ; Risque naturel ; Société
  • Atmospheric dynamics ; Catastrophe ; Economy ; Environmental management ; Guadeloupe ; Hurricane ; Impact ; Natural hazards ; Society ; Tropical cyclone ; West Indies
  • 1994
  • Aménagement régional ; Antilles ; Bangladesh ; Catastrophe ; Circulation atmosphérique ; Cyclone tropical ; Dynamique de l'atmosphère ; Impact ; Météorologie ; Ouragan ; Pauvreté ; Perception du risque ; Précipitation ; Prévision ; Risque naturel
  • Atmospheric circulation ; Atmospheric dynamics ; Bangladesh ; Catastrophe ; Forecast ; Hurricane ; Impact ; Meteorology ; Natural hazards ; Poverty ; Precipitation ; Regional planning ; Risk perception ; Tropical cyclone ; Tropical zone ; West
  • 1994
  • Tropical rain forests
  • Bibliography ; Biogeography ; Deforestation ; Forest ; Global change ; Interannual variability ; Phenology ; Tropical rain forest
  • the A. reviews published tropical rain-forest research that has focused on the time dimension from late 1992 until early 1994.
  • An appreciation of time on a variety of scales may help explain the complexity of tropical rain forests and provide a frame of reference to consider the consequences of anthropogenic deforestation and global climatic change on this biome. Here
  • 1994
  • Multi-objective programming model of tropical crops in Hainan Island
  • Agroclimatology ; China ; Ecology ; Hainandao ; Mathematical model ; Model ; Multi-purpose programming ; Tropical zone
  • According to Hainan Island's biological characteristics, and existing structure of productivity of tropical crops and local climatic conditions, this paper carries on regional division of tropical crops by fuzzy mathematics. Based on calculation
  • of basic parameters for the formation of production, near-term optimum models of tropical crops structure of each region was established by means of multi-objective programming.
  • 1994
  • The sinuosity of alluvial river channels in the seasonally wet tropical environment: case study of river Elemi, southwestern Nigeria
  • Channel geometry ; Fluvial erosion ; Fluvial processes ; Longitudinal section ; Nigeria ; River management ; Stream ; Tropical zone ; Vegetation
  • The aim of this paper is to improve the understanding of the nature and dynamics of river channel patterns in the humid tropics through detailed survey and quantitative analysis of the plan geometry of alluvial streams in a seasonally wet humid
  • tropical environment. The implications of the findings for river management are also briefly highlighted.
  • 1994
  • The decline of tropical forests
  • Forest ; Forest fire ; Forest policy ; Logging ; Overexploitation ; Pastureland ; Tropical rain forest ; Vegetation degradation
  • The area of the tropical forests has been shrinking fast in the last decades and, moreover, considerable parts of the remaining natural forests are in a process of degradation, mainly due to overexploitation, intensified pasture farming and frequent
  • fires. This process of decline in large parts of the tropical forest belt concerns more and more the public and politicians in the industrialized countries as well as increasingly also in parts of the developing countries. - (L'A.).
  • 1994
  • Tropical climatic variation on the Pacific slopes of the Ecuadorian Andes based on a 25,000-year pollen record from deep-sea sediment core Tri 163-31B
  • Climatic variation ; Core sampling ; Ecuador ; Isotope analysis ; Marine sediment ; Oxygen ; Palaeogeography ; Pollen analysis ; Tropical zone
  • The general correspondence between pollen and oxygen isotope variations in Tri 163-31B suggests that tropical climatic variations in the northern Andes were basically coherent with northern hemisphere glacier variations.
  • 1994
  • Policies to reduce tropical deforestation and degradation : a computable general equilibrium analysis for Cameroon
  • Cameroon ; Deforestation ; Forest ; Forest policy ; Numerical model ; Tropical rain forest ; Vegetation degradation ; Wood
  • This paper addressed specific questions within the much broader discussion on policies to reduce tropical deforestation and degradation in developing countries. The short-to medium-run consequences of resource policies and trade liberalization
  • 1994
  • Using botanical evidence for the determination of erosion rates in semi-arid tropical areas
  • Soil erosion, land degradation and social transition. Geoecological analysis of a semi-arid tropical region, Kenya
  • Dendrochronology ; Dendrology ; Kenya ; Methodology ; Semi-arid area ; Soil erosion ; Tropical zone
  • An analysis of using exposed tree roots or tree mounds as benchmarks for the estimation of erosion rates was carried out in the semi-arid Baringo District in Kenya. The biggest problem encountered in the application of this technique in tropical
  • 1994
  • Soils in tropical geomorphology
  • Data bank ; Pedogenesis ; Porosity ; Soil ; Soil properties ; Tropical zone ; Weathering
  • 1994
  • French Guiana ; Geochemistry ; Gold ; Laterite ; Mali ; Mineralization ; Palaeoclimate ; Pedogenesis ; Savanna ; Tropical rain forest ; Tropical zone ; Weathering
  • In this paper, the gold behavior in laterites was compared under a tropical contrasted climate in Banankoro, South Mali, and under an equatorial climate in Yaou, French Guiana. Gold distribution was studied in detail in terms of pedologic horizons
  • 1994
  • Tropical montane cloud forests
  • Africa ; Asia ; Biogeography ; Ecology ; Ecosystem ; Environmental conservation ; Forest ; Latin America ; Mountain ; South America ; Tropical zone
  • 1994
  • Sea-surface temperature estimates for the tropical western Pacific during the last glaciation and their implications for the Pacific warm pool
  • Geochemistry ; Glacial features ; Marine quaternary ; Marine sediment ; Ocean circulation ; Oxygen 18 ; Pacific Region ; Palaeo-environment ; Surface temperature ; Tropical zone
  • Twenty deep-sea sediment cores from the western Pacific between 30°N and 30°S provide evidence of sea-surface temperature (SST) changes throughout the tropics and subtropics. The results indicate that a western Pacific warm pool existed during
  • 1994
  • Bauxite ; Geochemistry ; Laterite ; Leaching ; Soil properties ; Tropical zone ; Weathering
  • stricto is very widespread in the tropics e.g. in Kerala/India.
  • 1994
  • Climatic change and geomorphology in tropical environment
  • Africa ; Asia ; Australia ; Climatic variation ; Colombia ; Geomorphology ; Quaternary ; South-Eastern Asia ; Tropical zone
  • 1994
  • Catastrophe ; Flood ; Fluvial processes ; Hydraulic works ; India ; Madhya Pradesh ; Monsoon ; Natural hazards ; Palaeohydrology ; Sedimentology ; Stream ; Tropical zone
  • This paper describes the flood geomorphology and hydrology of two large and extremely flood-prone rivers namely the Narmada and Tapi, in an environment typical of the monsoonal tropics, with periodic high-magnitude rainfall. The large floods
  • in these two rivers are an example of the interplay between meteorology and drainage basin characteristics that provides central India with the most intense flood phenomena in seasonal tropics.
  • 1994
  • Climat ; Climat tropical ; Humidité atmosphérique ; Pluviométrie ; Pression atmosphérique ; Précipitation ; Statistique ; Série chronologique ; Température ; Variation saisonnière ; Vent ; Zaïre ; Zone intertropicale
  • Atmospheric moisture ; Atmospheric pressure ; Climate ; Pluviometry ; Precipitation ; Seasonal variation ; Statistics ; Temperature ; Time series ; Tropical climate ; Tropical zone ; Wind ; Zaire
  • 1994
  • Bioclimatologie ; Bioclimatologie humaine ; Bénin ; Climat ; Climat tropical ; Confort ; Indice climatique ; Perception ; Zone intertropicale
  • Benin ; Bioclimatology ; Climate ; Climatic index ; Comfort ; Human bioclimatology ; Perception ; Tropical climate ; Tropical zone
  • 1994