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  • La protection des infrastructuires critiques : le concept de sécurité d’approvisionnement
  • Infrastructures et services d’intérêt général dans les zones rurales
  • Concept ; Germany ; Infrastructure ; Security ; Service ; Supplying ; United States of America
  • Allemagne ; Approvisionnement ; Concept ; Etats-Unis ; Infrastructure ; Service ; Sécurité
  • The article introduces the relationship and the terminology of the protection of critical infrastructures and gives an overview of the development of this new security policy task in the USA or Germany. Some points of contact between the protection
  • Towards a relational view of the shadow state
  • Concept ; Governance ; Institution ; Organization ; Policy ; Shadow state ; Social service ; State ; United States of America
  • Concept ; Contre-gouvernement ; Etat ; Etats-Unis ; Gouvernance ; Institution ; Organisation ; Politique ; Restructuration ; Service social ; Société civile
  • The paper seeks to broaden the shadow state concept in order to incorporate the relational interaction of government agencies and nonprofit organizations. Many different types of interaction are possible. Two case studies of immigrant-serving
  • organizations in the USA : they illustrate some of the particular arrangements of power which animate shadow state relationships.
  • Concept ; Drought ; Perception ; United States of America ; Urban climate ; Vulnerability ; Water management ; Water needs
  • Besoin en eau ; Climat urbain ; Concept ; Etats-Unis ; Gestion de l'eau ; Perception ; Sécheresse ; Vulnérabilité
  • , including plans and activities to manage water supply and demand.
  • The provision of public services and the debt crisis in Latin America : the case of Bogotá
  • Production and reproduction in Latin American cities : concepts, linkages, and empirical trends
  • Bogotá ; Collective equipment ; Colombia ; Crisis ; Indebtedness ; Latin America ; Public sector ; Services ; State control ; Urban economy ; Urban supply
  • Amérique latine ; Approvisionnement urbain ; Bogotá ; Colombie ; Crise ; Economie urbaine ; Endettement ; Equipement collectif ; Rôle de l'Etat ; Secteur public ; Service
  • Investigating the impact of air-service supply on local demand - a causal analysis
  • Accessibility ; Air traffic ; Air transport ; Airport ; Demand ; Deregulation ; Model ; Passengers ; Simulation ; Time series ; Transport ; United States of America
  • Relations de causalité entre offre et demande de transport aérien. Impacts de la déréglementation et de l'offre de services sur la demande aux Etats-Unis. Echantillon de trois aéroports: Charlotte, Nashville et Syracuse. Analyses de fonctions de
  • Construction costs and the supply of housing structure
  • Housing market ; Market ; United States of America
  • A hierarchical change model of business and professional services in the United States
  • Centrality ; Decentralization ; Location ; Model ; Producer services ; Service ; Spatial dynamics ; United States of America ; Urban hierarchy
  • Centralité ; Dynamique spatiale ; Décentralisation ; Etats-Unis ; Hiérarchie urbaine ; Localisation ; Modèle ; Service ; Services aux entreprises
  • Sectors in business and professional services showed different types of location changes during the study period because they are in different stages of a general hierarchical process, which is conceptualized in a three-stage descriptive model
  • . In the first stage, business and professional services centralize up the hierarchy. In the second stage, they begin to decentralize at the top. The last stage is a complete decentralization down the metropolitan hierarchy.
  • Metropolitan governance and service delivery in the United States. A review and synthesis of research findings in Urban development in the USA and Hungary.
  • Administration ; Bibliographie ; Collectivité locale ; Etats-Unis ; Gestion urbaine ; Géographie de l'Amérique ; Service public ; Ville
  • Geography of America
  • The role of producer service outsourcing in the innovation performance of New York State manufacturing firms
  • Consumption ; Enterprise ; Industry ; Innovation ; New York State ; Producer services ; Service ; United States of America
  • Consommation ; Entreprise ; Etats-Unis ; Externalisation ; Industrie ; Innovation ; New York State ; Service ; Services aux entreprises
  • Contribution des services techniques externes aux initiatives d'innovation des entreprises industrielles de l'Etat de New York. Enquête auprès de plus de 400 entreprises. Les services spécialisés peuvent soutenir les efforts des entreprises
  • State government efforts in industrial modernization: using theory to guide practice
  • Economic efficiency ; Entrepreneurship ; Government intervention ; Industrial policy ; Industry ; Modernization ; Partnership ; Private sector ; Public sector ; Service ; Service industry ; United States of America
  • Efficacité économique ; Esprit d'entreprise ; Etats-Unis ; Industrie ; Intervention gouvernementale ; Modernisation ; Partenariat ; Politique industrielle ; Secteur privé ; Secteur public ; Service ; Tertiaire industriel
  • traditionnelles peuvent justifier l'organisation d'un service public industriel élargi. Proposition d'un partenariat à la fois public et privé dans le but d'équilibrer des intérêts diversifiés, et recommandations spécifiques à la conception d'un programme de
  • services.
  • A future of telework. Towards a new urban planning concept ?
  • Denmark ; Developed countries ; Germany ; Induced effect ; Italy ; Labour ; Netherlands (The) ; Switzerland ; Telematics ; Transport ; United States of America ; Urban area ; Urban migration ; Urban planning
  • This book is the result of the international workshop A future of telework: towards a new urban planning concept held in Delft, 1994. The main goal of the workshop was to collect: insight into the conditions for the development of telework
  • AIDS ; California ; Epidemic ; Health ; Medical services ; Organization ; Risk ; United States of America ; Vulnerability
  • California ; Epidémie ; Etats-Unis ; Organisation ; Risque ; SIDA ; Santé ; Services de santé ; Vulnérabilité
  • services. There are difficulties in building collaborative effort in a fragmented care system, and other political and social problems. The findings support the concept that vulnerabilities can derail epidemic response, making social mobilization
  • Biogeography ; Habitat ; Idaho ; Salmon ; Sand ; Scenario ; Sediment load ; Sediment transport ; Stream ; United States of America ; Water quality
  • The AA. hypothesize that a continuous (i.e. chronic) supply of sand will be more detrimental to the quality of aquatic habitat than an instantaneous sand pulse equal to the integrated volume of the chronic supply. They investigate this issue
  • by applying a two-dimensional numerical model to a 1 km long reach of prime salmonid spawning habitat in central Idaho. Results show that in both supply scenarios, sand moves through the study reach as bed load, and that both the movement and depth of sand
  • on the streambed mirrors the hydrograph of this snowmelt-dominated river. Predictions indicate greater and more persistent mortality of salmonid embryos under chronic supplies than pulse inputs, supporting this hypothesis. However, predicted mortality varies both
  • with salmonid species and location of spawning. The AA. found that the greatest impacts occur closer to the location of the sand input under both supply scenarios. Results also suggest that reach-scale morphology may modulate the impact of sand loads.
  • [b3] US Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Boise, Etats-Unis
  • Arizona ; Facilities ; Infrastructure ; United States of America ; Urban development ; Urban growth ; Urban structure ; Water management ; Water supply
  • A l'aide de fichiers des Services de l'eau sur SIG, on peut évaluer l'expansion temporelle des infrastructures nécessaires. Il est possible de la mettre en relation avec les cycles de la construction urbaine au cours de ces années. Après une phase
  • de consolidation, l'offre de services s'est adaptée à l'accroissement des consommateurs. Le développement de nouvelles franges urbaines a conduit à une intensification des services, à leur maintenance, à leur rénovation et à leur diversification.
  • Those benevolent boosters : spatial patterns of Kiwanis membership in the United States
  • Location ; Service ; United States of America
  • Etats-Unis ; Kiwanis ; Localisation ; Service ; Société de services
  • Paper begins with a history and description of service clubs in the United States, with special attention to Kiwanis. A. seeks to identify regions where Kiwanis membership is strong or weak and then to develop a socioeconomic profile of counties
  • (as in northern Midwest and Wyoming and Montana). Low LQ counties are in urbanized states such as Rhode Island, Connecticut, and Maryland. - (SLD)
  • To own the phone : spatial diffusion, ownership and regulation of telephone service in Argentina, 1878-1990
  • Argentine ; Diffusion ; Développement ; Marché ; Réglementation ; Service ; Télécommunication ; Téléphone
  • Argentina ; Development ; Diffusion ; Market ; Regulation ; Service ; Telecommunications ; Telephone
  • Telephone service in Argentina has since its beginning been characterized as one of the most developed in South America. The aim of the study is to analyze the diffusion of telephone service in Argentina at the national and provincial levels
  • focusing on the role of supply, demand, ownership and state regulation. Questions regarding the relationship between telecommunications and development are also addressed. - (HB)
  • Climate literacy and a national climate service
  • Climate ; Climatic change ; Decision making process ; Education ; Information ; Teaching ; United States of America ; Vulnerability
  • Changement climatique ; Climat ; Education ; Enseignement ; Etats-Unis ; Information ; Service climatique ; Stratégie d'acteurs ; Vulnérabilité
  • effort to make people more aware of their natural environment and factors, both natural and anthropogenic, that cause disruptions to that environment. A more informed user is a more effective user; this concept lies at the heart of climate services
  • The prospect of climate change is driving a renewed effort within the scientific community to develop a system of climate services to inform decision-makers about the potential impacts of climate change. Climate literacy is part of a coordinated
  • . This paper concludes with an examintion of the importance of climate literacy as a component of a U.S. National Climate Service.
  • Channel geometry ; Concept ; Fluvial hydrology ; Hydrosystem ; River management ; Stream ; United States of America
  • Aménagement fluvial ; Concept ; Cours d'eau ; Etats-Unis ; Géométrie hydraulique ; Hydrologie fluviale ; Hydrosystème
  • Rivers are viewed here as hydrological entities, not geomorphic machines. The geomorphic work of the river (erosion, transport, deposition, etc.) – is a byproduct of the hydrological job of the river. The apparent steady-state equilibrium slope
  • relaxation times. Recognizing converging trends of stream power or slope and sediment supply as common (but far from inevitable) side effects rather than self-regulation has important implications for interpreting and predicting fluvial systems, and for river
  • Modeling regional economic resilience to disasters : a computable general equilibrium analysis of water service disruptions
  • Adaptation ; Catastrophe ; Earthquake ; Economic impact ; Oregon ; Production fonction ; United States of America ; Urban economy ; Water supply
  • Eastern United States ; Innovation ; Methodology ; Producer services ; Regional economy ; Regression analysis ; United States of America ; Western United States
  • Analyse de régression ; Brevet d'invention ; Economie régionale ; Etats-Unis ; Etats-Unis de l'Est ; Etats-Unis de l'Ouest ; Innovation ; Inversion régionale ; Méthodologie ; Services aux entreprises