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  • Extensions to the concept of excess commuting
  • Commuting ; Concept ; Journey to work ; Measurement ; Methodology ; United States of America
  • In the aggregate, excess commuting is the nonoptimal or surplus work travel occurring in cities because people do not minimize their journeys to work. The A. presents an alternative view based on a theoretical maximum commute. This calculation
  • allows for an analysis of the range between the theoretical minimum and maximum commutes. This range is taken to be the commuting capacity of a city. A model is formulated and applied to 1990 Census data for a sample of US cities.
  • The dynamics of commuting in the USSR and some approaches to forecasting
  • The overall magnitude of commuting for various purposes in prerevolutionary Russia and in the USSR is traced historically and dramatic increases in the number of commuters are identified. Some general correlations are derived between numbers
  • of commuters and the population of commuting zones, and commuting trends are extrapolated over the short term and the longer term.
  • Gender characteristics of commuting pattern : a case study of Osaka metropolitan area
  • Commuting ; Gender difference ; Honshu ; Japan ; Osaka ; Urban population
  • This paper focuses on the differencs of commuting patterns between men and women in the Osaka metropolitan area, Japan. - (KA)
  • Daily commuting - similarities and differences between Serbia and Slovenia
  • Commuting ; Comparative study ; Employment area ; Flow ; Serbia ; Slovenia ; Urban attraction
  • The paper deals with changes in scope, directions and structure of commuting flows in Serbia, as well as the interdependence of commuting with other demographic and socio-economic development processes. The comparison was made between the basic
  • characteristics of commuting in Serbia and Slovenia and their catchment areas of employment attraction. The differences in methodology used in the census questionnaires referring to commuters in the last population censuses of Serbia and Slovenia in year 2002 were
  • Kart over pendleromland 1960 og 1970 Commuting hinterlands in Norway 1960 and 1970
  • Two maps (scale1:1,000,000) compare potential commuting hinterlands of urban settlements, based on the accessibility of 1971, with empirical hinterlands delimited according to the frequency of commuting in 1960 and 1970. Text and appendix describe
  • methods used and give additional information about the commuting regions. (JH).
  • Is your commute killing you? On the mortality risks of long-distance commuting
  • This article examines the mortality risks of long-distance commuting in Sweden. The results indicate that women who have experienced long-distance commuting face a significantly higher mortality risk compared with women with short commutes to work
  • . A very different picture emerges for men, for whom mortality risks do not seem to be associated with long-distance commuting. Our findings suggest that men and women are subject to different mechanisms regarding the nexus between commuting and mortality.
  • Changes in employee commuting : a comparative analysis of employee commuting to major Slovenian employment centers from 2000 to 2009
  • Commuting ; Employment area ; Motorway ; Route ; Slovenia ; Socio-economic system ; Town ; Transport network
  • This paper discusses changes in employee commuting in ten largest Slovenian employment centers from 2000 to 2009. Based on the analysis of SRDAP database, changes are presented in employee commuter routes between source and target municipalities
  • . The results show a significant increase in both the scope of employee commuting and the number of routes. Reasons for these changes are explained by the construction of freeway infrastructure. The scope and direction of commuting also depend on changes
  • Spatial mismatch and costly suburban commutes : can commuting subsidies help ?
  • Accessibility ; Commuting ; Economic cost ; Labour market ; Land ; Land use ; Residential location ; Segregation ; Urban policy ; Workplace
  • mismatch to analyse the impact of commuting subsidies on the welfare of low-income, central-city households with restricted mobility. It seeks to determine how effective such subsidies are at reducing the welfare impact of spatial mismatch.
  • Praha jako centrum dojizdky Stredoceského kraje. (Prague as a centre of commuting in Mid-Bohemian region)
  • The article issues from the 1980 population census data regarding the problems of commuting to and from jobs. Prague with 125 000 of commuters is the largest centre of commuting in the republic. From the region of Middle Bohemia more than a half
  • from all commuters to jobs from 114 communes come to the capital.
  • Intercounty commuting in nonmetropolitan America in 1960 and 1970
  • Changes in commuting flows in metropolitan areas, Japan : effects of cohort size and female labour
  • Commuting ; Female work ; Japan ; Journey to work ; Longitudinal analysis ; Suburbs ; Town ; Woman
  • The purpose of this study is to consider the changes in commuting flow in the three major metropolitan areas in Japan in terms of cohort size and female labour using longitudinal data on residential, occupational and family careers and cohort
  • Dojizdka v CSSR na urovni dojizdkovych regionu i v mezisteediskovém pojeti Commuting in Czechoslovakia, regional pattern and links between central places
  • The state and tendencies in the commuting phenomenon in Czechoslovakia. A relative stagnation of the intensity of the process is explained more as an outcome of the administrative merging of settlements rather than the decline of the intensity. More
  • detailed investigation of individual commuting regions is recomended. - (MS)
  • Planned communities, self-containment and commuting: a cross-national perspective
  • Commuting ; Comparative study ; Journey to work ; New town ; Sweden ; United Kingdom ; United States of America ; Urban planning
  • The paper examines the association between how self-contained new towns and how their residents and workers commute, drawing upon experiences in the US, the UK, metropolitan Paris and greater Stockholm.
  • Commuting ; Flow ; Perception ; Software
  • The article deals with commuter and commuter relationship and their cartographic depiction and visualization. This paper discusses requirements of a visualization of highly detailed commuter relationship data that aims at efficient perception
  • Napi ingazas Magyarorszagon. (Daily commutation in Hungary)
  • The A. describes how concentration of labour in big industry and the concentration of the railway network led to large-scale commutation. Recommendations are made for regional planning in order to achieve better balance of employment between various
  • Commuting ; Housing occupance ; Journey to work ; Maryland ; Model ; Residential location ; United States of America ; Urban transport ; Workplace
  • Tenure at jobs and houses, along with commuting patterns between home and work, are studied for residents of metropolitan Washington. Evaluation of the effect of commuting duration on job and housing tenure suggests that those who move, one average
  • , maintain commute duration rather than having a major increase or decrease. This corroborates the idea that there are offsetting sectors, where increases in commute lengths due to suburbanizing residences are counteracted by the correlated process ob
  • Belgium ; Commuting ; Europe ; Flow ; France ; Frontier ; Frontier region ; Frontier worker ; Germany ; Luxembourg ; Megalopolis ; Switzerland ; Trans-border area
  • The number of these commuters is growing, based on the policy by the EU. Most exist in the European Magalopolis ranging from Luxembourg to Geneva. The main destination of the commutation is Switzerland and Luxembourg where commuters can obtain
  • relative high wage. France represents the main original region of the flow. French commuters go to Switzerland, Luxembourg and Germany every day to work there. Linguistic environment plays an important role.
  • Determinants of commuting time and distance for Seoul residents : the impact of family status on the commuting of women
  • Commuting ; Demographic structure ; Distance ; Gender difference ; Household behaviour ; Residential location ; Seoul ; South Korea ; Urban area ; Workplace
  • Telecommuting, household commute and location choice
  • This study focuses on one-worker and two-worker households and investigates how telecommuting affects household one-way commute distance and duration. The results show that telecommuting increases the commute distance and duration for both one
  • -worker households and two-worker households. It is also found that, in two-worker households, the telecommuting status of one worker does not increase the commute distance and duration of the other worker. These findings suggest that telecommuting (two
  • -worker) households tend to choose locations involving a longer total one-way commute than non-telecommuting households, and this difference is largely due to the longer commute of their telecommuting members.
  • The impact of job and household decentralization on commuting distances and travel modes. Experiences from the Copenhagen region and other Nordic urban areas
  • Commuting ; Decentralization ; Educational level ; Employment ; Europe ; Form of transport ; Northern Europe ; Residential location ; Urban geography
  • Studies in several cities show longer commuting distances among residents of peripheral parts of urban areas than among inner-city dwellers. Inhabitants of the outer parts of the urban regions also have a higher propensity of commuting by car than
  • those who live close to the city center. Conversely a high proportion of the latter residents commute by non-motorized modes. There is also quite strong evidence that a decentralized location of office workplaces contributes to increase the proportion
  • of car commuters, compared to a central workplace location. - (IfL)