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  • Synoptic and dynamic climatology
  • Synoptic climatology : themes, applications, and prospects
  • Atmospheric circulation ; Climatology ; Concept ; History of sciences ; Model ; Synoptic climatology ; Weather type
  • Synoptic climatology is defined as the study of climates from the viewpoint of their atmospheric circulation components and emphasizes the connection between circulation, weather phenomena, and climatic differentiation. The field is seen as having
  • Atmospheric classifications and synoptic climatology
  • Atmospheric circulation ; Classification ; England ; Synoptic climatology ; United Kingdom ; Weather type
  • Summer energy balance on West Gulkana Glacier, Alaska, and linkages to a temporal synoptic index
  • Alaska ; Climatology ; Glacial ablation ; Glacier ; Glacier mass balance ; Glaciology ; Synoptic climatology
  • This paper analyzes summer, 1986, daily surface energy budgets, ablation, and variations of synoptic weather types experienced on the West Gulkana Glacier. Daily summer (June-August) synoptic conditions analyzed for the period 1948-86 were
  • undertaken to interpret possible long-term changes in ablation. The synoptic conditions that enhance ablation have significantly increased over the period 1957 to the present.
  • The self-organizing map in synoptic climatological research
  • Applied climatology ; Atmospheric circulation ; Bibliography ; Cartography ; Climatic anomaly ; Cluster analysis ; Self-organizing behaviour ; Synoptic climatology
  • Self-organizing maps (SOMs) are a relative newcomer to synoptic climatology. In this paper, the AA. review the major developments and climatological applications of SOMs in the literature. The SOM can be used in synoptic climatological analysis
  • . This improved visualization has led to SOMs becoming an increasingly popular tool in various research with climatological applications from other disciplines as well.
  • Using a spatial synoptic climatological classification to assess changes in atmospheric pollution concentrations
  • The goal of this research is to demonstrate the potential of a newly developed spatial synoptic climatological classification to assess changes in atmospheric pollution concentrations in nine U.S. cities. The procedure divides the United States
  • into homogeneous regions on the basis of surface synoptic weather data. The resulting categories are then related to metropolitan-scale pollution concentrations. Thus, it becomes possible to determine the characteristics of those synoptic situations associated
  • A synoptic climatology of tornadoes in Virginia
  • Air mass ; Atmospheric dynamics ; Climatic index ; Climatology ; Cluster analysis ; Ocean atmosphere interaction ; Principal components analysis ; Synoptic climatology ; Tornado ; Tropical cyclone ; United States of America ; Virginia
  • The goal of this research is to determine the extent to which Virginia tornado events are characterized by different air-mass and air-flow characteristics. The AA. hypothesize that several distinctly different synoptic weather situations
  • Fire weather in Israel - Synoptic climatological analysis
  • Applied climatology ; Forest fire ; Israel ; Mediterranean area ; Moisture ; Natural hazards ; Spatial distribution ; Synoptic climatology ; Temperature ; Wind
  • This study analyzes the characteristics of fire weather in Israel throughout the years 1987-1995. The objectives are to study the different synoptic situations during forest fires and their relationship to the temporal and spatial distribution
  • Applied climatology
  • Agroclimatology ; Applied climatology ; Citrus ; Florida ; Freezing ; Gardening ; Model ; Synoptic climatology ; United States
  • This review begins with a report on a talk by Changnon (1991) that discusses some of the problems facing applied climatology and which raises the issue of awareness of applied climatology among scientists in various disciplines. This article
  • will also review two specific areas of recent research progress in applied climatology and will conclude by outlining briefly examples of applied research efforts at some of the USA regional climate centers.
  • Synoptic and dynamic climatology
  • Growth points in synoptic climatology
  • A synoptic climatology of northeastern United States tornadoes
  • This paper represents an attempt to understand better the characteristics of tornadic events and the synoptic scale patterns associated with their initiation. The information presented here concerning the temporal and spatial nature of tornadic
  • An enhanced synoptic climatology of ozone using a sequencing technique
  • Applied climatology ; Atmospheric circulation ; Ozone ; Pennsylvania ; Pollution ; Statistics ; United States ; Weather type
  • This paper examines links between climate and ozone pollution using a synoptic classification scheme, which enables the holistic treatment of complicated relationships between precursors and meteorological factors. The classification is applied
  • to daily maximum ozone concentration in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania for the period 1978-1987. Basic climatological relationships are analyzed, and a new sequencing technique is presented that increases information content and distinguishes additional spatial
  • Synoptic and surface climatology interactions in the Central Canadian Subarctic : normal and El Niño seasons
  • Canada ; Classification ; Cold area ; El Niño ; Evaporation ; Precipitation ; Seasonal variation ; Snow ; Subarctic zone ; Synoptic climatology ; Thematic mapping ; Vegetation dynamics ; Weather type ; Years 1990-99
  • An objective hybrid classification of daily surface weather maps for Churchill, Manitoba, was used to determine the dominant synoptic conditions during the snowmelt and snow-free periods for the Canadian central subarctic. This classification
  • yielded different dominant synoptic types for the two normal (1996, 1997) and one El Niño (EN), (1998), seasons. The synoptic patterns that emerged were then related to the precipitation and surface evaporation regimes of a subarctic sedge fen typical
  • A synoptic climatology of cool-season derecho events
  • This paper examines synoptic environments associated with cool-season derechos, 1986 to 1995, those events occurring between September and February. Commonalities within the synoptic environments of these events are identified and illustrated
  • Synoptic-scale atmospheric circulation over British Columbia in relation to the mass balance of sentinel glacier
  • An objective synoptic climatology of daily 500 mb pressure patterns for the International Hydrological Decade (1965-1974) for southwestern Canada is presented. The climatological characteristics of the synoptic types are examined in terms
  • Relationship between synoptic climatology and pollution events in Sydney
  • Atmospheric circulation ; Atmospheric pollution ; Australia ; New South Wales ; Pollution ; Sydney ; Synoptic climatology ; Weather type
  • A synoptic climatological analysis of summertime precipitation intensity in the eastern United States
  • Air mass ; Atmospheric dynamics ; Classification ; Discriminant analysis ; Precipitation ; Summer ; Synoptic climatology ; United States of America ; Weather type ; Years 1960-69 ; Years 1970-79 ; Years 1980-89
  • This paper proposes to use a newly developed synoptic classification system (the spatial synoptic classification, or SSC, Kalkstein et al., 1996) to examine the spatial variability and trends in intensity of summertime precipitation in the eastern
  • Synoptic-scale variability in the probability of precipitation from thunderstorms in the United States
  • A synoptic-scale climatology of precipitation amounts from thunderstorms is developed by analysis of amounts from individual storms for 220 stations in the conterminous United States for the period 1948-1977. The probability of having a thunderstorm
  • Daily precipitation patterns over Wales: towards a detailed precipitation climatology
  • Atmospheric circulation ; Cluster analysis ; Methodology ; Orographic effect ; Precipitation ; Synoptic climatology ; United Kingdom ; Wales
  • -surface airflows and significant synoptic situations yields a detailed synoptic precipitation climatology which clearly relates daily precipitation pattern to a limited number of specific synoptic situations and their associated airflows. Tthe limitations