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  • Changement climatique : passé, présent, futur
  • Changement climatique ; Climat ; Holocène ; Hongrie ; Monde ; Recherche
  • Climate ; Climatic change ; Holocene ; Hungary ; Research ; World
  • The aim of the paper is to summarise international and Hungarian findings on climate change and to point to areas of uncertainty in climate research. The author gives an overview of climate changes in the Holocene as global changes without
  • the presence of humans in order to find the answer to one of the fundamental question: does climate change natural or anthropogenic causes ? - (AM)
  • Predicting regional climate change : living with uncertainty
  • Changement global ; Circulation atmosphérique ; Circulation océanique ; Climat régional ; Modèle ; Méthodologie ; Prédiction climatique ; Prévision ; Variation climatique
  • Atmospheric circulation ; Climatic prediction ; Climatic variation ; Forecast ; Global change ; Methodology ; Model ; Ocean circulation ; Regional climate
  • the implications of climatic and global system unpredictability for regional climate prediction. Consequently the AA. regard regional climate prediction as a cascade of uncertainty. They understand regional climate change in terms of changes in the general
  • Regional climate prediction is not an insoluble problem, but it is a problem characterized by inherent uncertainty. There are 2 sources of this uncertainty : the unpredictability of the climatic and global systems. So this review considers
  • Assessing climate change in the contiguous United States using a modified Thornthwaite climate classification scheme
  • Analyse multivariée ; Années 1895-2005 ; Changement climatique ; Classification des climats ; Climat ; Etats-Unis ; Humidité ; Température
  • Climate ; Climate classification ; Climatic change ; Moisture ; Multivariate analysis ; Temperature ; United States of America
  • This new approach allows both moisture and thermal conditions to be examined simultaneously for a better assessment of multivariate climate change. Changes in area of different climate types over time is determined using the climate year approach
  • and the spatial nature of climate change is examined by computing climate types based on averages from three thirty-year periods over the twentieth century. Over the study period from 1895 to 2005, statistically significant changes in areal coverage of different
  • climate types have occurred : changes to moister climate categories and positive temperature trends.
  • The use of GCM scenario output to model effects of future climatic change on the thermal climate of marginal maritime uplands
  • Atmospheric circulation ; Climatic variability ; Climatic warming ; England ; Global change ; Model ; Synoptic climatology ; Temperature ; United Kingdom
  • Changement global ; Circulation atmosphérique ; Climatologie synoptique ; England ; Modèle ; Royaume-Uni ; Réchauffement climatique ; Température ; Variabilité climatique
  • This paper investigates the likely changes in the thermal climate of the Pennine region that would be associated with different climate change scenarios. Estimates of future temperature change are converted into attendant changes in climatic
  • Climate change and ground water
  • Aquifer ; Climatic warming ; Global change ; Hydrogeology ; Natural recharge ; Population growth ; Simulation ; Texas ; United States of America ; Water cycle ; Water use
  • Changement global ; Croissance démographique ; Cycle de l'eau ; Etats-Unis ; Hydrogéologie ; Nappe aquifère ; Recharge naturelle ; Réchauffement climatique ; Simulation ; Texas ; Utilisation de l'eau
  • This article summarizes the theory of climate change and the relationship of climate-change forcing to hydrologic and aquifer processes. It focuses on regional aquifer systems and on the methods to link large-scale climate-change processes to ground
  • -water recharge and to simulate ground-water flow and solute transport in a warmer, 2xCO2 climate. In addition, it outlines the development of a methodology to quantify the effects of climate change and of changes in ground-water use by population growth
  • Climatic change and food problems
  • Extrait des communications présentées au Symposium Climatic change and food production du 24 Congrès géographique international de Tokyo (1980).
  • Climate change, equity and human security
  • Climate change and human security
  • Analyse multicritère ; Changement climatique ; Climat ; Equité ; Relations Nord-Sud ; Sécurité ; Sécurité humaine ; Vulnérabilité
  • Climate ; Climatic change ; Multi-criteria analysis ; North-South relations ; Security ; Vulnerability
  • Cet article se propose d'explorer les relations entre changement climatique, équité et sécurité de l'espèce humaine. La question de l'équité ne doit pas simplement être envisagée à travers le filtre des relations Nord-Sud.
  • Main features of global climate models and the impact of predicted climate changes for agriculture and forestry
  • Papers in global change IGBP, No.6
  • Agroclimatologie ; Changement global ; Climat ; Flux thermique ; Foresterie ; Gel ; Irrigation ; Modèle ; Pologne ; Risque climatique ; Récolte
  • Agroclimatology ; Climate ; Climatic event ; Crop ; Forestry ; Freezing ; Global change ; Heat flow ; Irrigation ; Model ; Poland
  • The atmosphere exchanges heat, moisture and momentum with other climate subsystems. This paper describes some applications of climate models in agriculture and puts forward the argument, that recent climate models are very close to numerical weather
  • prediction models. The physical parameterization approach implemented first in climate models, is now applied in a useful way to everyday agricultural management.
  • The diagnosis of climate change in Cracow against a background of circulation and local conditions
  • Circulation atmosphérique ; Climat local ; Climat urbain ; Kraków ; Pologne ; Radiation ; Réchauffement climatique ; Température ; Urbanisation ; Variation climatique
  • Atmospheric circulation ; Climatic variation ; Climatic warming ; Cracow ; Local climate ; Poland ; Radiation ; Temperature ; Urban climate ; Urbanization
  • The multi-annual variability of thermal, solar and cloudiness conditions in Cracow was examined from the point of view of the impact of natural and anthropogenic factors on the climate change. The analysis concerned the annual air temperature range
  • (RAT) and daily ranges of air temperature (DAT) in january and july. Special attention has been paid to the climatic trends and changes of climatic continuity. Long-term changes of RAT reflect the impact of the circulation factors, these of DAT
  • Analyse du climat aux échelles locales dans le contexte du changement climatique
  • Adaptation au climat et maîtrise de la qualité de l'air
  • Adaptation ; Changement climatique ; Changement global ; Climat ; Climat local ; Echelle multidimensionnelle ; Modélisation
  • Adaptation ; Climate ; Climatic change ; Global change ; Local climate ; Modelling ; Multidimensional scaling
  • Le changement global aura inévitablement des répercussions sur le climat local, ce qui pose bien des questions, ne serait-ce que pour améliorer l'adaptation. Mais aucun modèle n'apporte encore de solution satisfaisante aux échelles fines. - (JPB)
  • Climatic change and freshwater ecosystems
  • Climatic variation ; Ecosystem ; Europe ; Global change ; Swamp;Bog
  • Changement global ; Ecosystème ; Europe ; Marais ; Variation climatique
  • Evaluation of physico-chemical and biotic disturbances in sensitive boglake ecosystems due to climate change in Belgium, the Netherlands, Germany, U. K. and Poland. - (L. W.).
  • Climate change in Ireland - recent trends in temperature and precipitation
  • Changement climatique ; Circulation atmosphérique ; Climat ; Climatologie synoptique ; Donnée climatique ; Interaction océan-atmosphère ; Irlande ; Modèle ; Oscillation climatique ; Précipitation ; Réchauffement climatique ; Siècle 20 ; Température
  • Atmospheric circulation ; Climate ; Climate oscillation ; Climatic change ; Climatic data ; Climatic trend ; Climatic warming ; Ireland ; Model ; Ocean atmosphere interaction ; Precipitation ; Synoptic climatology ; Temperature ; Twentieth Century
  • ; Tendance du climat
  • This paper presents an assessment of indicators of climate change in Ireland over the past century. Trends are examined in order to determine the magnitude and direction of ongoing climate change. Although detection of a trend is difficult due
  • to the influence of the North Atlantic Ocean, it is concluded that Irish climate is following similar trajectories to those predicted by global climate models. Climatic variables investigated included the key temperature and precipitation data series from the Irish
  • synoptic station network. Secondary climate indicators such as frequency of hot and cold days were found to reveal more variable trends.
  • The climate of the Himalaya in The Himalaya. Aspects of change.
  • Action anthropique ; Asie ; Climat ; Déforestation ; Géographie de l'Asie ; Himalaya ; Montagne ; Typologie ; Variation climatique
  • Climat des régions himalayennes en général, temps, saisons, différents types de climats. Influence de l'Himalaya sur le climat du sous-continent indien. Changements survenus au cours des derniers siècles dans le climat de l'Himalaya (déforestation
  • par l'homme comme cause de changement). (CEH).
  • Current shifts in abrupt climate change : the stability of the North Atlantic Conveyor and its influence on future climate
  • Action anthropique ; Carotte de glace ; Changement climatique ; Changement global ; Climat ; Déglaciation ; Interaction océan-atmosphère ; Paléoclimatologie ; Prévision ; Réchauffement climatique ; Scénario ; Température de surface
  • Climate ; Climatic change ; Climatic warming ; Deglaciation ; Forecast ; Global change ; Human impact ; Ice core ; Ocean atmosphere interaction ; Palaeoclimatology ; Scenario ; Surface temperature
  • This article shows that there are many instances of abrupt climate change in the past, especially during the last ice age, but there is much less evidence of even rapid climate change occurring during the last 10,000 years or so in the period known
  • as the Holocene. There are also many unknowns about abrupt climate shifts in the future when the world will be much warmer than today. One favourite climate scenario suggests that cooling by a shut-down of the Gulf Stream at the end of the present century is more
  • than likely to be balanced by global warming. In the final analysis, we cannot be certain about our future climate.
  • Les climats européens
  • Cartographie ; Changement climatique ; Climat ; Climatologie ; Concept ; Europe ; Région climatique
  • Cartography ; Climate ; Climatic change ; Climatic region ; Climatology ; Concept ; Europe
  • Sous un titre plus restrictif que le contenu, présentation abondamment illustrée en couleurs des notions fondamentales de climatologie générale (pp. 7-33), des climats du monde (pp. 34-55) et, enfin, des climats du continent européen (pp. 56-81). La
  • conclusion aborde brièvement la question de l'évolution du climat. - (JPB)
  • Do climate changes increase the threat to rops by pathogens, weeds and pests?
  • Agroclimatology ; Climatic warming ; Crop ; Global change ; Greenhouse effect ; Model ; Pesticide ; Poland ; Water budget
  • Agent pathogène ; Agroclimatologie ; Bilan hydrique ; Changement global ; Effet de serre ; Modèle ; Pesticide ; Pologne ; Réchauffement climatique ; Récolte
  • Two appraisals of the consequences of climate change for Polish agriculture consider 4 possible scenarios based on GISS and GFDL models. The National Study of Climate Change considers that changes will affect about 60% of the country
  • and that their consequences will be relatively great due to changes of the water balance in soils. Possible impacts of global climate change on the occurrence distribution and economic significance of the pests, pathogens and weeds on various continents and in Poland
  • Environnement et climat
  • Action anthropique ; Changement global ; Climat ; Concept ; Environnement ; Ressource naturelle ; Variation climatique
  • Climate ; Climatic variation ; Concept ; Environment ; Global change ; Human impact ; Natural resources
  • Le climat est à la fois un élément de la nature à protéger et un facteur dont il faut tenir compte dans toute question environnementale. - (JPB)
  • Climatic change, ice sheets and sea level in Sea level ice and climatic change.
  • A stochastic weather generator as a tool for the construction of climate change scenarios
  • Hydrological processes and water resources in the face of global climate change
  • Changement global ; Climat régional ; Modèle ; Pologne ; Simulation ; Variation climatique
  • Climatic variation ; Global change ; Model ; Poland ; Regional climate ; Simulation
  • General Circulation Models (GCMs) are now the tools most widely applied in the generation of scenarios for climatic change on the global scale. One of the methods by which to move down from the global to regional scales is application of the LARS-WG
  • weather model, a stochastic weather generator simulating daily values for elements of the climate. An attempt to verify the model was made on the basis of data for the Zamość weather station. Discussion of the results.
  • Aerosol ; Climate fluctuation ; Climatic variation ; Climatic warming ; Global change ; Greenhouse effect ; Human impact ; Impact ; Modelling
  • Action anthropique ; Aérosol ; Changement global ; Effet de serre ; Fluctuation climatique ; Impact ; Modélisation ; Réchauffement climatique ; Variation climatique
  • This review of the recent scientific literature on climate change focuses on one aspect of the issue which has come to the fore over the last three years, the role of atmospheric aerosols in contemporary cimate change. The emergence
  • of these particulates as a significant modifier of the atmospheric and climatic environment has, at the same time, offered new opportunities for detecting human-induced climate change in the observed record and also complicated the prediction of future climate change
  • [b1] Climatic Research Unit, School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, Royaume-Uni