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Résultats de la recherche (230 résultats)

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  • Powered by the state or finance? The organization of China’s carbon markets
  • Carbon ; Carbon market ; China ; Energy ; Financing ; Greenhouse effect ; Legislation ; Market ; Non-governmental organization ; Role of the State
  • Carbono ; China ; Efecto invernadero ; Energía ; Financiamiento ; Legislación ; Mercado ; Organización no gubernamental ; Rol del Estado
  • This paper reviews the progress of carbon trading in China and examines the involvement of the state and financial sectors. The results show a hierarchical relationship between the state and finance and a clear asymmetry of power in the organization
  • of China’s carbon markets. It concludes that China has put the market-based policy instrument of carbon trading under a substantial concentration of state power. Also, the findings have important implications for understanding the rise of carbon markets
  • 2013
  • From rural transformation to global integration : comparative analyses of the environmental dimensions of China’s rise
  • China ; Climatic change ; Ecological modernization ; Ecology ; Economic development ; Economic growth ; Economic policy ; Environmental crisis ; Modernization ; Political ecology
  • Cambio climático ; China ; Crecimiento económico ; Desarrollo económico ; Ecología ; Ecología política ; Modernización ; Política económica
  • degradation in China. He argues that the former two approaches limit understanding of (and available solutions to) China’s environmental problems, often framed in environmental crisis narratives. He demonstrates how the third framework (Critical Political
  • Ecology) offers an alternative analysis of the fundamental environmental issues accompanying China’s rise, yielding quite different insights informing policy and practice.
  • 2013
  • The decreasing spring frost risks during the flowering period for woody plants in temperate area of eastern China over past 50 years
  • Bioclimatology ; China ; Climatic change ; Climatic hazard ; Climatic trend ; Frost ; North-Eastern China ; Northern China ; Phenology ; Spring (season) ; Temperate zone
  • Bioclimatología ; Cambio climático ; China ; China del Norte ; Fenología ; Helada ; Primavera ; Riesgo climático ; Tendencia del clima ; Zona templada
  • of frost occurrence were analyzed. Through these analyses, frost risk during the flowering period at each site was estimated. Results suggested that first flowering dates (FFD) in the study area advanced significantly from 1963 to 2009 in North China. Over
  • to frost during the flowering period in spring, exhibited a decreasing trend in Northeast China and in North China, implying that frost risk has reduced over the past half century.
  • 2013
  • Carbon emissions trends with optimal balanced economic growth of China and the USA and some abatement options for China
  • Carbon dioxide ; China ; Climatic change ; Climatic trend ; Comparative study ; Decision making process ; Economic growth ; Energy ; Energy policy ; Model ; United States of America
  • Cambio climático ; China ; Crecimiento económico ; Dióxido de carbono ; Energía ; Estados Unidos ; Estrategia de actores ; Estudio comparativo ; Modelo ; Política energética ; Tendencia del clima
  • This paper presented an approach to project the future CO2 emissions from the perspective of optimal economic growth, and applied this model to the cases of China and the United States, whose CO2 emissions together contributed to more than 40
  • % of the global emissions. The projection results under the balanced and optimal economic growth path reveal that the CO2 emissions will peak in 2029 for China and 2024 for the USA owing to their empirically implied pace of energy efficiency improvement. Moreover
  • , some abatement options are analyzed for China, which indicate that 1) putting up the energy price will decrease the emissions at a high cost; 2) enhancing the decline rate of energy intensity can significantly mitigate the emissions with a modest cost
  • 2013
  • [b2] Key Lab. of Geographical Information Science, East China Normal Univ., Shanghai, Chine
  • The right to the city and critical reflections on China's property rights activism
  • Activism ; China ; Guangdong ; Guangzhou ; Labour migration ; Property right ; Right to the city ; Social geography ; Urban development ; Urban policy
  • Activismo ; China ; Derecho de propiedad ; Desarrollo urbano ; Geografía social ; Guangdong ; Guangzhou ; Migración de trabajo ; Política urbana
  • This paper refers to the perspective of the “right to the city” to examine whose rights count in China's urban development contexts and proposes a cross-class alliance that engages both migrants and local citizens. The alliance itself will have
  • substantial political implications, overcoming the limited level of rights awareness that mainly rests on distributional justice in China. The discussions are supported by an analysis of empirical data from the author's field research in Guangzhou, which
  • 2013
  • ‘Refugee’ or ‘returnee’? The ethnic geopolitics of diasporic resettlement in China and intergenerational change
  • China ; Community ; Diaspora ; Ethnicity ; Farm ; Internal migration ; Migration ; Political geography ; Refugees ; Return migration ; Settlement
  • China ; Comunidad ; Diáspora ; Etnicidad ; Explotación agrícola ; Geografía política ; Migración ; Migración de retorno ; Migración interior ; Poblamiento ; Refugiados
  • By using the case of China’s resettlement policy towards diasporic Chinese descendants expelled from Southeast Asia during 1949–1979 and examining their contemporary situation, this paper highlights the way scholarship on forced migration
  • and ethnically privileged (return) migration can mutually enrich one another. The paper, first, examines the ge-opolitical context of Chinese forced migration and the premises of China’s preferential policy towards co-ethnics, which labelled the ‘refugees
  • 2013
  • Basic features of climate change in North China during 1961-2010
  • China ; Climate ; Climatic change ; Climatic trend ; Climatic warming ; Insolation ; Northern China ; Precipitation ; Temperature ; Wind
  • Cambio climático ; China ; China del Norte ; Clima ; Precipitación ; Recalentamiento climático ; Temperatura ; Tendencia del clima ; Viento
  • 2013
  • Geography and international relations theorizing : their implications for China
  • Applied geography ; China ; Economic growth ; Insularity ; International relations ; Political geography ; Security ; Sovereignty ; Territoriality
  • China ; Crecimiento económico ; Geografía aplicada ; Geografía política ; Insularidad ; Relaciones internacionales ; Seguridad ; Soberanía ; Territorialidad
  • This article has two objectives: it presents and explains those geographic variables with an important role in international relations theo-ries, and it draws out the implications of these general formulations for the specific case of China
  • . It explains that the factors discussed in this essay tend to influence foreign policy conduct regardless of which politicians are in charge of a government. This essay has taken the opposite tack, seeking to set China in the broader context of empirical
  • 2013
  • Cooling effect of agricultural irrigation over Xinjiang, Northwest China from 1959 to 2006
  • Air temperature ; Arid area ; China ; Climatic cooling ; Climatic variation ; Impact ; Irrigation ; Temperature ; Xinjiang
  • Campo árido ; China ; Enfriamiento climático ; Impacto ; Irrigación ; Sinkiang ; Temperatura ; Temperatura del aire ; Variación climática
  • 2013
  • Spatial impacts of high-speed railways in China : a total-travel-time approach
  • Accessibility ; Beijing ; China ; Economic efficiency ; Form of transport ; High speed train ; Northern China ; Origin-destination ; Southern China ; Spatial analysis ; Tianjin ; Transport
  • Accesibilidad ; Análisis espacial ; Beijing ; China ; China del Norte ; China del Sur ; Eficacia económica ; Modo de transporte ; Origen-destino ; Tientsin ; Transporte ; Tren de alta velocidad
  • 2013
  • The spatial dimension of negotiated power relations and social justice in the redevelopment of villages-in-the-city in China
  • China ; Participation ; Power ; Project ; Right to the city ; Social geography ; Social justice ; Urban development ; Urban policy ; Urban renewal ; Village
  • China ; Desarrollo urbano ; Geografía social ; Justicia social ; Participación ; Poder ; Política urbana ; Proyecto ; Pueblo ; Renovación urbana
  • connections which different actors draw from space, be it place or shifting positions. In the context of China’s villages-in-the-city redevelopment, this idea suggests that the dispossessed are not entirely powerless, although their formal rights
  • 2013
  • Underlying motivation for land use change : a case study on the variation of agricultural factor productivity in Xinjiang, China
  • Agricultural land use ; Cereal ; China ; Cotton ; Land use ; Manpower ; Productivity ; Xinjiang
  • Algodón ; Aprovechamiento agrícola del suelo ; Aprovechamiento del suelo ; Cereal ; China ; Mano de obra ; Productividad ; Sinkiang
  • This paper examines the variation of land productivity, capital productivity and labor productivity in agricultural land use in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region of China. It reveals that only labor productivity presents a long-term increasing trend
  • 2013
  • Geographical dynamics and industrial relocation : spatial strategies of apparel firms in Ningbo, China
  • China ; Clothing ; Competition ; Economic geography ; Firm ; Firm strategy ; Globalization ; Industrial cluster ; Regionalization ; Zhejiang
  • Agrupación empresarial ; China ; Competencia ; Confección ; Empresa ; Estrategia de empresa ; Geografía económica ; Mundialización ; Regionalización ; Zhejiang
  • apparel clusters in China. Through an analysis of several case studies, we show the articulation of global, regional, and local factors that are co-shaping apparel firm relocation processes. We also show that the extent to which these factors affect
  • 2013
  • Residential satisfaction in China’s informal settlements. A case study of Beijing, Shanghai, and Guangzhou
  • Beijing ; China ; Guangzhou ; Household ; Housing ; Informality ; Neighbourhood ; Satisfaction ; Sense of belonging ; Settlement ; Shanghai ; Town
  • Barrio ; Beijing ; China ; Ciudad ; Guangzhou ; Poblamiento ; Satisfacción ; Sentimiento de pertenencia ; Unidad familiar ; Vivienda
  • This article analyses residential satisfaction in China’s informal settlements through the examples of Beijing, Shanghai, and Guangzhou. It demonstrates that migrants and low-income groups are not less satisfied than nonmigrants or middle-range
  • 2013
  • Pareto’s law and sample size : a case study of China’s urban system 1984–2008
  • China ; City size ; Methodology ; Population size ; Rank-size distribution ; Sampling ; Threshold ; Town ; Urban population ; Urban system
  • China ; Ciudad ; Distribución rango-tamaño ; Metodología ; Población urbana ; Selección dela muestra ; Sistema urbano ; Tamaño de las ciudades ; Umbral
  • This study tests three existing threshold methods (number threshold, size threshold, and urban pop-ulation percentage threshold) using China’s city system as a case study. In addition, it proposes a new method based upon the percentage threshold
  • with China’s city system, the Pareto exponent presents a turning point in 1996, representing China’s transition from a planned economy to a more market oriented economy during that period.
  • 2013
  • Input–output efficiency of urban agglomerations in China : an application of data envelopment analysis (DEA)
  • China ; Data ; Economic efficiency ; Growth pole ; Urban agglomeration ; Urban economy ; Urban population
  • Aglomeración urbana ; China ; Dato ; Economía urbana ; Eficacia económica ; Población urbana ; Polo de crecimiento
  • This paper investigates the data envelopment efficiency of urban agglomerations in China with different population sizes and geographical locations. It first explores the relationship between the elements that make up a decomposed model
  • of efficiency and compares the efficiency performance of China’s UAs with that of 35 central cities. Moreover, the exogenous factors determining the input–output efficiency of UAs, the question of how to improve UAs’ efficiency performance, as well as the focus
  • 2013
  • [b2] National Academy for Mayors of China, Beijing, Chine
  • Variation in vegetation greenness in spring across eastern China during 1982–2006
  • China ; Eastern China ; Precipitation ; Spring (season) ; Temperature ; Vegetation ; Vegetation dynamics ; Vegetation index
  • China ; China del Este ; Dinámica de la vegetación ; Precipitación ; Primavera ; Temperatura ; Vegetación ; Índice de vegetación
  • Vegetation greenness is a key indicator of terrestrial vegetation activity. To understand the variation in vegetation activity in spring across eastern China (EC), the AA. analysed the variation in the Normalised Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI
  • 2013
  • Variations of temperature and precipitation of snowmelt period and its effect on runoff in the mountainous areas of Northwest China
  • China ; Climate ; Climatic trend ; Impact ; Meltwater ; Mountain ; North-Western China ; Precipitation ; Runoff ; Snow ; Temperature
  • Agua de deshielo ; China ; China del Noroeste ; Clima ; Escorrentía ; Impacto ; Montaña ; Nieve ; Precipitación ; Temperatura ; Tendencia del clima
  • Using daily mean temperature and precipitation from 8 mountainous weather stations over the period 1960–2010 in the arid land of Northwest China, this paper analyzes climate change of snowmelt period and its spatial variations and explores
  • 2013
  • Rice re-cultivation in southern China : An option for enhanced climate change resilience in rice production
  • Adaptation ; Agricultural production ; Agroclimatology ; China ; Climatic change ; Drought ; Resilience ; Rice ; Southern China ; Spatial analysis ; Spatial distribution ; Water resources
  • Adaptación ; Agroclimatología ; Análisis espacial ; Arroz ; Cambio climático ; China ; China del Sur ; Distribución espacial ; Producción agrícola ; Recursos en agua ; Resiliencia ; Sequía
  • rice producing areas tends to alleviate in general, late season rice in particular. Future climate change brings about a significant impact on the spatial/temporal distribution of water resources in rice producing areas in China. Based on pre-designed
  • 2013
  • The influence of geology and land use on the geochemical baselines of the East River basin, China
  • China ; Geochemistry ; Heavy metals ; Human impact ; Land use ; Regional geology ; Sedimentology ; Southern China ; Statistical analysis ; Watershed
  • Acción antrópica ; Análisis estadístico ; Aprovechamiento del suelo ; China ; China del Sur ; Cuenca hidrográfica ; Geología regional ; Geoquímica ; Metales pesados ; Sedimentología
  • In this study, the Tukey boxplot approach was adopted to develop geochemical baselines for 42 analyses in the East River basin, South China. Data subset analyses, change ratios and factor analyses were used to explore the anthropogenic effects
  • 2013