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  • Changement climatique : passé, présent, futur
  • Changement climatique ; Climat ; Holocène ; Hongrie ; Monde ; Recherche
  • Climate ; Climatic change ; Holocene ; Hungary ; Research ; World
  • The aim of the paper is to summarise international and Hungarian findings on climate change and to point to areas of uncertainty in climate research. The author gives an overview of climate changes in the Holocene as global changes without
  • the presence of humans in order to find the answer to one of the fundamental question: does climate change natural or anthropogenic causes ? - (AM)
  • Predicting regional climate change : living with uncertainty
  • Changement global ; Circulation atmosphérique ; Circulation océanique ; Climat régional ; Modèle ; Méthodologie ; Prédiction climatique ; Prévision ; Variation climatique
  • Atmospheric circulation ; Climatic prediction ; Climatic variation ; Forecast ; Global change ; Methodology ; Model ; Ocean circulation ; Regional climate
  • the implications of climatic and global system unpredictability for regional climate prediction. Consequently the AA. regard regional climate prediction as a cascade of uncertainty. They understand regional climate change in terms of changes in the general
  • Regional climate prediction is not an insoluble problem, but it is a problem characterized by inherent uncertainty. There are 2 sources of this uncertainty : the unpredictability of the climatic and global systems. So this review considers
  • Assessing climate change in the contiguous United States using a modified Thornthwaite climate classification scheme
  • Analyse multivariée ; Années 1895-2005 ; Changement climatique ; Classification des climats ; Climat ; Etats-Unis ; Humidité ; Température
  • Climate ; Climate classification ; Climatic change ; Moisture ; Multivariate analysis ; Temperature ; United States of America
  • This new approach allows both moisture and thermal conditions to be examined simultaneously for a better assessment of multivariate climate change. Changes in area of different climate types over time is determined using the climate year approach
  • and the spatial nature of climate change is examined by computing climate types based on averages from three thirty-year periods over the twentieth century. Over the study period from 1895 to 2005, statistically significant changes in areal coverage of different
  • climate types have occurred : changes to moister climate categories and positive temperature trends.
  • The use of GCM scenario output to model effects of future climatic change on the thermal climate of marginal maritime uplands
  • Atmospheric circulation ; Climatic variability ; Climatic warming ; England ; Global change ; Model ; Synoptic climatology ; Temperature ; United Kingdom
  • Changement global ; Circulation atmosphérique ; Climatologie synoptique ; England ; Modèle ; Royaume-Uni ; Réchauffement climatique ; Température ; Variabilité climatique
  • This paper investigates the likely changes in the thermal climate of the Pennine region that would be associated with different climate change scenarios. Estimates of future temperature change are converted into attendant changes in climatic
  • Climate change and ground water
  • Aquifer ; Climatic warming ; Global change ; Hydrogeology ; Natural recharge ; Population growth ; Simulation ; Texas ; United States of America ; Water cycle ; Water use
  • Changement global ; Croissance démographique ; Cycle de l'eau ; Etats-Unis ; Hydrogéologie ; Nappe aquifère ; Recharge naturelle ; Réchauffement climatique ; Simulation ; Texas ; Utilisation de l'eau
  • This article summarizes the theory of climate change and the relationship of climate-change forcing to hydrologic and aquifer processes. It focuses on regional aquifer systems and on the methods to link large-scale climate-change processes to ground
  • -water recharge and to simulate ground-water flow and solute transport in a warmer, 2xCO2 climate. In addition, it outlines the development of a methodology to quantify the effects of climate change and of changes in ground-water use by population growth
  • Climatic change and food problems
  • Extrait des communications présentées au Symposium Climatic change and food production du 24 Congrès géographique international de Tokyo (1980).
  • Climate change, equity and human security
  • Climate change and human security
  • Analyse multicritère ; Changement climatique ; Climat ; Equité ; Relations Nord-Sud ; Sécurité ; Sécurité humaine ; Vulnérabilité
  • Climate ; Climatic change ; Multi-criteria analysis ; North-South relations ; Security ; Vulnerability
  • Cet article se propose d'explorer les relations entre changement climatique, équité et sécurité de l'espèce humaine. La question de l'équité ne doit pas simplement être envisagée à travers le filtre des relations Nord-Sud.
  • Main features of global climate models and the impact of predicted climate changes for agriculture and forestry
  • Papers in global change IGBP, No.6
  • Agroclimatologie ; Changement global ; Climat ; Flux thermique ; Foresterie ; Gel ; Irrigation ; Modèle ; Pologne ; Risque climatique ; Récolte
  • Agroclimatology ; Climate ; Climatic event ; Crop ; Forestry ; Freezing ; Global change ; Heat flow ; Irrigation ; Model ; Poland
  • The atmosphere exchanges heat, moisture and momentum with other climate subsystems. This paper describes some applications of climate models in agriculture and puts forward the argument, that recent climate models are very close to numerical weather
  • prediction models. The physical parameterization approach implemented first in climate models, is now applied in a useful way to everyday agricultural management.
  • The diagnosis of climate change in Cracow against a background of circulation and local conditions
  • Circulation atmosphérique ; Climat local ; Climat urbain ; Kraków ; Pologne ; Radiation ; Réchauffement climatique ; Température ; Urbanisation ; Variation climatique
  • Atmospheric circulation ; Climatic variation ; Climatic warming ; Cracow ; Local climate ; Poland ; Radiation ; Temperature ; Urban climate ; Urbanization
  • The multi-annual variability of thermal, solar and cloudiness conditions in Cracow was examined from the point of view of the impact of natural and anthropogenic factors on the climate change. The analysis concerned the annual air temperature range
  • (RAT) and daily ranges of air temperature (DAT) in january and july. Special attention has been paid to the climatic trends and changes of climatic continuity. Long-term changes of RAT reflect the impact of the circulation factors, these of DAT
  • Analyse du climat aux échelles locales dans le contexte du changement climatique
  • Adaptation au climat et maîtrise de la qualité de l'air
  • Adaptation ; Changement climatique ; Changement global ; Climat ; Climat local ; Echelle multidimensionnelle ; Modélisation
  • Adaptation ; Climate ; Climatic change ; Global change ; Local climate ; Modelling ; Multidimensional scaling
  • Le changement global aura inévitablement des répercussions sur le climat local, ce qui pose bien des questions, ne serait-ce que pour améliorer l'adaptation. Mais aucun modèle n'apporte encore de solution satisfaisante aux échelles fines. - (JPB)
  • Climatic change and freshwater ecosystems
  • Climatic variation ; Ecosystem ; Europe ; Global change ; Swamp;Bog
  • Changement global ; Ecosystème ; Europe ; Marais ; Variation climatique
  • Evaluation of physico-chemical and biotic disturbances in sensitive boglake ecosystems due to climate change in Belgium, the Netherlands, Germany, U. K. and Poland. - (L. W.).
  • Climate change in Ireland - recent trends in temperature and precipitation
  • Changement climatique ; Circulation atmosphérique ; Climat ; Climatologie synoptique ; Donnée climatique ; Interaction océan-atmosphère ; Irlande ; Modèle ; Oscillation climatique ; Précipitation ; Réchauffement climatique ; Siècle 20 ; Température
  • Atmospheric circulation ; Climate ; Climate oscillation ; Climatic change ; Climatic data ; Climatic trend ; Climatic warming ; Ireland ; Model ; Ocean atmosphere interaction ; Precipitation ; Synoptic climatology ; Temperature ; Twentieth Century
  • ; Tendance du climat
  • This paper presents an assessment of indicators of climate change in Ireland over the past century. Trends are examined in order to determine the magnitude and direction of ongoing climate change. Although detection of a trend is difficult due
  • to the influence of the North Atlantic Ocean, it is concluded that Irish climate is following similar trajectories to those predicted by global climate models. Climatic variables investigated included the key temperature and precipitation data series from the Irish
  • synoptic station network. Secondary climate indicators such as frequency of hot and cold days were found to reveal more variable trends.
  • The climate of the Himalaya in The Himalaya. Aspects of change.
  • Action anthropique ; Asie ; Climat ; Déforestation ; Géographie de l'Asie ; Himalaya ; Montagne ; Typologie ; Variation climatique
  • Climat des régions himalayennes en général, temps, saisons, différents types de climats. Influence de l'Himalaya sur le climat du sous-continent indien. Changements survenus au cours des derniers siècles dans le climat de l'Himalaya (déforestation
  • par l'homme comme cause de changement). (CEH).
  • Current shifts in abrupt climate change : the stability of the North Atlantic Conveyor and its influence on future climate
  • Action anthropique ; Carotte de glace ; Changement climatique ; Changement global ; Climat ; Déglaciation ; Interaction océan-atmosphère ; Paléoclimatologie ; Prévision ; Réchauffement climatique ; Scénario ; Température de surface
  • Climate ; Climatic change ; Climatic warming ; Deglaciation ; Forecast ; Global change ; Human impact ; Ice core ; Ocean atmosphere interaction ; Palaeoclimatology ; Scenario ; Surface temperature
  • This article shows that there are many instances of abrupt climate change in the past, especially during the last ice age, but there is much less evidence of even rapid climate change occurring during the last 10,000 years or so in the period known
  • as the Holocene. There are also many unknowns about abrupt climate shifts in the future when the world will be much warmer than today. One favourite climate scenario suggests that cooling by a shut-down of the Gulf Stream at the end of the present century is more
  • than likely to be balanced by global warming. In the final analysis, we cannot be certain about our future climate.
  • Les climats européens
  • Cartographie ; Changement climatique ; Climat ; Climatologie ; Concept ; Europe ; Région climatique
  • Cartography ; Climate ; Climatic change ; Climatic region ; Climatology ; Concept ; Europe
  • Sous un titre plus restrictif que le contenu, présentation abondamment illustrée en couleurs des notions fondamentales de climatologie générale (pp. 7-33), des climats du monde (pp. 34-55) et, enfin, des climats du continent européen (pp. 56-81). La
  • conclusion aborde brièvement la question de l'évolution du climat. - (JPB)
  • Do climate changes increase the threat to rops by pathogens, weeds and pests?
  • Agroclimatology ; Climatic warming ; Crop ; Global change ; Greenhouse effect ; Model ; Pesticide ; Poland ; Water budget
  • Agent pathogène ; Agroclimatologie ; Bilan hydrique ; Changement global ; Effet de serre ; Modèle ; Pesticide ; Pologne ; Réchauffement climatique ; Récolte
  • Two appraisals of the consequences of climate change for Polish agriculture consider 4 possible scenarios based on GISS and GFDL models. The National Study of Climate Change considers that changes will affect about 60% of the country
  • and that their consequences will be relatively great due to changes of the water balance in soils. Possible impacts of global climate change on the occurrence distribution and economic significance of the pests, pathogens and weeds on various continents and in Poland
  • Environnement et climat
  • Action anthropique ; Changement global ; Climat ; Concept ; Environnement ; Ressource naturelle ; Variation climatique
  • Climate ; Climatic variation ; Concept ; Environment ; Global change ; Human impact ; Natural resources
  • Le climat est à la fois un élément de la nature à protéger et un facteur dont il faut tenir compte dans toute question environnementale. - (JPB)
  • Climatic change, ice sheets and sea level in Sea level ice and climatic change.
  • A stochastic weather generator as a tool for the construction of climate change scenarios
  • Hydrological processes and water resources in the face of global climate change
  • Changement global ; Climat régional ; Modèle ; Pologne ; Simulation ; Variation climatique
  • Climatic variation ; Global change ; Model ; Poland ; Regional climate ; Simulation
  • General Circulation Models (GCMs) are now the tools most widely applied in the generation of scenarios for climatic change on the global scale. One of the methods by which to move down from the global to regional scales is application of the LARS-WG
  • weather model, a stochastic weather generator simulating daily values for elements of the climate. An attempt to verify the model was made on the basis of data for the Zamość weather station. Discussion of the results.
  • Aerosol ; Climate fluctuation ; Climatic variation ; Climatic warming ; Global change ; Greenhouse effect ; Human impact ; Impact ; Modelling
  • Action anthropique ; Aérosol ; Changement global ; Effet de serre ; Fluctuation climatique ; Impact ; Modélisation ; Réchauffement climatique ; Variation climatique
  • This review of the recent scientific literature on climate change focuses on one aspect of the issue which has come to the fore over the last three years, the role of atmospheric aerosols in contemporary cimate change. The emergence
  • of these particulates as a significant modifier of the atmospheric and climatic environment has, at the same time, offered new opportunities for detecting human-induced climate change in the observed record and also complicated the prediction of future climate change
  • [b1] Climatic Research Unit, School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, Royaume-Uni
  • Pushkar: prehistory and climatic change in Western India
  • Climat ; Géographie de l'Asie ; Inde ; Oscillation climatique ; Préhistoire ; Pushkar ; Rajasthan
  • Impending climatic change and the fate of glaciers
  • Années 1977-2020 ; Climat ; Fluctuation glaciaire ; Géographie physique ; Prévision ; Réchauffement ; Variation climatique
  • Sea levels : change and variability during warm intervals
  • Changement climatique ; Climat ; Eau de fonte ; Holocène ; Impact ; Interglaciaire ; Niveau marin ; Réchauffement climatique
  • Climate ; Climatic change ; Climatic warming ; Holocene ; Impact ; Interglacial ; Meltwater ; Sea level
  • Niveaux marins élevés : niveaux marins interglaciaires, changements du niveau terrestre. Changements de la glace et des océans : impulsions d'eau de fonte, élévation du niveau marin de l'Holocène moyen au supérieur, changements instrumentaux.
  • Aspects clés du problème des changements du climat global
  • Adaptation ; Climatic change ; Global change ; Handbook ; Regional analysis ; United States of America ; Water resources
  • Adaptation ; Analyse régionale ; Changement climatique ; Changement global ; Date 2004 ; Etats-Unis ; Manuel ; Ressource en eau ; VICTOR (D.G.)
  • Analyse de l'ouvrage de David G. Victor. Climate Change. Debating America's Policy Options // The Council of Foreign Relations. Inc., New York, 2004. 165 p.
  • Effet de serre et changement climatique de la science à la négociation internationale
  • Les relations Climat-Homme-Climat
  • Accord international ; Changement global ; Climat ; Effet de serre ; Politique
  • Climate ; Global change ; Greenhouse effect ; International agreement ; Policy
  • We present the main features of the international agreements on the climate change : the intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) created in 1988 and the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (Rio, 1992). Recent developments
  • Aridisation ; Aridité ; Climat ; Climatologie appliquée ; Concept ; Domaine subaride ; Europe centrale ; Hongrie ; Sécheresse ; Variabilité climatique
  • Applied climatology ; Aridisation ; Aridity ; Central Europe ; Climate ; Climatic variability ; Concept ; Drought ; Hungary
  • Climate change can also be observed in the countries of South-Eastern Central Europe. Author investigates the physical geographical factors which reflect the present climate change in Hungary. According to the author an aridification process can
  • be observed in Hungary and its surrounding as an effect of climate change. Changing precipitation, vegetation and soil profiles of the country are investigated. - (JS)
  • Using climatic change scenarios to estimate ecoclimatic impacts
  • Canada ; Changement global ; Climat ; Ecosystème ; Effet de serre ; Forêt ; Impact ; Limite des arbres ; Modèle ; Réchauffement climatique ; Température ; Variation climatique
  • Canada ; Climate ; Climatic variation ; Climatic warming ; Ecosystem ; Forest ; Global change ; Greenhouse effect ; Impact ; Model ; Temperature ; Tree line
  • Climate change in arid environments : revisiting the past to understand the future
  • Arid area ; Climatic change ; Climatic warming ; Desert ; Forecast ; Global change ; Model ; Palaeo-ecology ; Palaeo-environment ; Quaternary ; Scenario
  • Changement climatique ; Changement global ; Domaine aride ; Désert ; Modèle ; Paléo-environnement ; Paléo-écologie ; Prévision ; Quaternaire ; Réchauffement climatique ; Scénario
  • Arid regions are expected to undergo significant changes under a scenario of climate warming, but there is considerable variability and uncertainty in these estimates between different scenarios. The A. discusses the results of palaeoecological
  • reconstructions and model scenarios for 4 major arid regions (the Saharo-Arabian, Australian, Turanian and the US deserts and semi-deserts). Although palaeodata provide valuable information about possible past changes in the vegetation-climate system
  • Climatic Change and Potential Agricultural Productivity in China
  • Agricultural production ; Agriculture ; Cereal ; China ; Climatic change ; Modelling
  • Agriculture ; Changement climatique ; Chine ; Céréale ; Modélisation ; Production agricole
  • L'A. modélise les conséquences d'un changement climatique sur la production céréalière chinoise.
  • Mountain climatology and past and potential future climatic changes in mountain regions : a review
  • Climat ; Echelle ; Fluctuation du glacier ; Montagne ; Neige ; Paléoclimatologie ; Prévision ; Température ; Variation climatique
  • Climate ; Climatic variation ; Forecast;Prediction ; Glacier fluctuation ; Mountain ; Paleoclimatology ; Scale ; Snow ; Temperature
  • Using mountain regions from around the world, the A. discusses controls of mountain climate and scales of climate features, and evaluates evidence of past climatic conditions.―(DWG)
  • Climate change in Eurasia : perspectives over space and time : Symposium on climate change
  • Action anthropique ; Changement climatique ; Climat ; Cycle climatique ; Eurasie ; Interaction océan-atmosphère ; Paléoclimat ; Prévision ; Réchauffement climatique ; Tectonique
  • Climate ; Climatic change ; Climatic cycle ; Climatic warming ; Eurasia ; Forecast ; Human impact ; Ocean atmosphere interaction ; Palaeoclimate ; Tectonics
  • The A., a physical geographer, addresses climate change and feedbacks for Eurasia over longer (tectonic forcing, intermediate (Earth's orbital relations) and shorter timeframes, emphasizing that climates change more or less continuously in response
  • Recent climate variability and future climate change scenarios for Great Britain
  • Atmospheric circulation ; Climatic anomaly ; Climatic variability ; Climatic variation ; Climatic warming ; Global change ; Great Britain ; Impact ; Model ; Precipitation ; Temperature ; United Kingdom
  • Anomalie climatique ; Changement global ; Circulation atmosphérique ; Great Britain ; Impact ; Modèle ; Précipitation ; Royaume-Uni ; Réchauffement climatique ; Température ; Variabilité climatique ; Variation climatique
  • This article reviews recent climatically extreme periods in Great Britain and presents results from the latest general circulation model (GCM) experiments showing the possible spatial patterns and magnitude of future climate change for this region
  • . Results from recent ensemble GCM experiments with and without the effects of sulphate aerosols are presented. These show broadly similar changes in temperature and precipitation to previous climate change scenarios prepared for Great Britain. These changes
  • Possible impact of climatic change on forested landscapes in Central Europe: a review
  • Greenhouse impact on cold-climate ecosystems and landscapes
  • Central Europe ; Climatic variability ; Climatic variation ; Climatic warming ; Ecosystem ; Europe ; Forest ; Forestry ; Impact ; Landscape ; Palynology
  • This paper briefly reviews and tentatively discusses 1) former climatic changes and their impact on forests, 2) the impact of climatic warming on the genetic constitution of forest trees, their physiological processes, and the possible alteration
  • of forest environments, 3) the changes in the latitudinal and altitudinal zonation of forests, 4) the repercussions of possible diseases and pests on the vitality of forests, and 5) changes in the function of forests in Central European landscapes.
  • Climatic variability, climatic change, runoff, and suspended sediment regimes in northern Canada
  • Canada ; Carrying capacity ; Climatic variability ; Climatic variation ; Cold area ; Glacier ; Global change ; Northwest Territories ; Periglacial features ; Permafrost ; Rill wash ; Stream flow ; Suspended load
  • Canada ; Capacité de charge ; Changement global ; Charge en suspension ; Ecoulement fluvial ; Glacier ; Northwest Territories ; Pergélisol ; Périglaciaire ; Ruissellement ; Variabilité climatique ; Variation climatique ; Zone froide
  • This paper examines some likely consequences of climatic warming on the runoff and sediment regimes of a very diverse group of fluvial systems. It is suggested that research on climatic change impacts should focus on the ware and sediments
  • On relationships between climate variability and change, and societies
  • Climates and societies. A climatological perspective
  • Adaptation ; Changement social ; Climat ; Impact ; Modélisation ; Prévision ; Société ; Variabilité climatique ; Variation climatique
  • Adaptation ; Climate ; Climatic variability ; Climatic variation ; Forecast ; Impact ; Modelling ; Social change ; Society
  • Après s'être interrogée sur le rôle du climat dans la structuration de l'espace et dans l'organisation spatio-temporelle des sociétés, l'A. détaille les principales méthodes et techniques de recherche utilisées pour mesurer, modéliser et prévoir la
  • variabilité du climat, afin d'estimer son impact sur les sociétés. - (JPB)
  • Hydrological processes and water resources in the face of global climate change
  • Regional climate scenarios and their applications
  • Bassin-versant ; Bilan hydrologique ; Changement global ; Circulation atmosphérique ; Climat régional ; Impact ; Modèle ; Pologne ; Précipitation ; Variation climatique
  • Atmospheric circulation ; Climatic variation ; Global change ; Impact ; Model ; Poland ; Precipitation ; Regional climate ; Water balance ; Watershed
  • , and some results of the hydrological assessments of the responses of Polish catchments to climate change. Some of the results are discussed.
  • The first part of this paper presents a review of methods used in the formulation of regional climate scenarios, while the next two parts contain an example of a regional climate scenario for Poland based on the output of the ECHAM1/LSG model
  • Changes of crop climate risk degree : a case study on cotton in Henan Province
  • Applied climatology ; China ; Climatic change ; Climatic event ; Cotton ; Crop ; Henan ; Model ; Precipitation
  • Années 1965-2005 ; Changement climatique ; Chine ; Climatologie appliquée ; Coton ; Henan ; Modèle ; Précipitation ; Risque climatique ; Récolte
  • Based on previous researches, this article established the cotton climate suitability model and the risk index to analyze the cotton climate risk degree in Henan Province. The result shows that, in the last 40 years, the cotton climate risk degree
  • has a gradual increasing trend in which the precipitation plays a very important role. Abrupt change is an important characteristic in eastern Henan where this sudden change type has notable latitudinal difference.
  • Changement climatique, réchauffement global, effet de serre : exagération, erreur, imposture ?
  • Changement climatique ; Changement global ; Climat ; Effet de serre ; Monde ; Réchauffement climatique
  • Climate ; Climatic change ; Climatic warming ; Global change ; Greenhouse effect ; World
  • Un large panorama des opinions concernant le problème du changement climatique de notre planète. - (MZ)
  • Linking sustenable livelihoods and global climate change in vulnerable food systems.
  • Adaptation ; Alimentation ; Changement global ; Climat ; Société ; Sécurité alimentaire ; Vulnérabilité
  • Adaptation ; Climate ; Food ; Food security ; Global change ; Society ; Vulnerability
  • Les changements climatiques ont des conséquences directes sur le système alimentaire et la vulnérabilité des moyens de subsistance. Un projet pilote tente de déterminer l'adaptabilité des sociétés et les répercussions économiques des changements
  • Implications of the secondary role of carbon dioxide and methane forcing in climate change : past, present, and future
  • Changement climatique ; Changement global ; Climat ; Dioxyde de carbone ; Effet de serre ; Glaciaire ; Inlandsis ; Insolation ; Interglaciaire ; Méthane ; Paléoclimat ; Prévision ; Simulation ; Température
  • Carbon dioxide ; Climate ; Climatic change ; Forecast ; Glacial features ; Global change ; Greenhouse effect ; Inland ice ; Insolation ; Interglacial ; Palaeoclimate ; Simulation ; Temperature
  • change. In conclusion, the paper stresses that changes in insolation in climatically sensitive zones exceed several-fold the global radiative forcing of climate change by CO2 and CH4, and that local and regional responses to insolation forcing decide
  • the primary climatic feedbacks and changes observed from past glacial-interglacial cycles, and likely to be observed in the future.
  • This paper addresses 4 issues that are fundamental to the debate concerning the role of CO2 and CH4 greenhouse gases in the forcing of past glacial-interglacial cycles and the role of such forcing for present and future considerations of climate
  • Hydrological processes and water resources in the face of global climate change
  • Physical principles of climate mathematical modelling
  • Action anthropique ; Changement global ; Circulation atmosphérique ; Climat ; Modèle ; Modèle mathématique ; Prévision ; Variabilité climatique
  • Atmospheric circulation ; Climate ; Climatic variability ; Forecast ; Global change ; Human impact ; Mathematical model ; Model
  • In this paper the nature, state and variability of the climate system are described briefly. Of particular importance in open systems such as components of the climatic system is feedback. Mathematical models provide a new way to not only understand
  • the climate's behaviour, but also to explore the possibility of future climate developments being predicted.
  • Poland's water resources in the face of climatic change
  • Hydrological processes and water resources in the face of global climate change
  • Climatic variation ; Flood ; Global change ; Hydrology ; Meltwater ; Model ; Poland ; Water balance ; Water resources
  • Bilan hydrologique ; Changement global ; Crue ; Eau de fonte ; Hydrologie ; Modèle ; Pologne ; Ressource en eau ; Variation climatique
  • The issue of the influence of climatic change on water management is a source of controversy. Changes in Poland's water resources calculated with the aid of the CLIRUN-3 model differ in relation to the given climate scenario in terms of both
  • Progress in modeling the impact of land cover change on the global climate
  • Changement climatique ; Changement global ; Circulation atmosphérique ; Climat ; Impact ; Interaction terre-atmosphère ; Modélisation ; Utilisation du sol
  • Atmospheric circulation ; Climate ; Climatic change ; Global change ; Impact ; Land atmosphere interaction ; Land use ; Modelling
  • Etudes des modèles de circulation générale des effets du changement de l'utilisation des sols : paramétrisation du couplage terre-atmosphère, consensus des résultats de ces études. Un développement récent - 'la mosaïque étendue' : limitations des
  • techniques antérirures, l'algorithme de mosaïque étendue et son impact sur le climat modélisé.
  • Les changements du climat global : résultats et perspectives
  • Changement global ; Climat ; Congrès ; Météorologie ; Variation climatique
  • Climate ; Climatic variation ; Congress ; Global change ; Meteorology
  • Security implications of a worst-case scenario of climate change in the South-west Pacific
  • Agricultural productivity ; Climatic variation ; Climatic warming ; Forecast ; Global change ; Inundation ; Island ; Land tenure system ; Migration ; Model ; Pacific Region ; Sea level ; Security
  • Changement global ; Ile ; Inondation ; Migration ; Modèle ; Niveau marin ; Pacifique ; Pacifique Sud-Ouest ; Productivité agricole ; Prévision ; Réchauffement climatique ; Structure foncière ; Sécurité ; Variation climatique
  • This paper examines the links between climate change and security in the island states of the South-west Pacific. A worst-case scenario of climate change is presented which suggests that land will be lost or rendered uninhabitable in all Pacific
  • Island states as a result of climate-change impacts. Loss of land is the focus of this paper. The A. demonstrates clearly how an environmental threat such as climate change can undermine economic, societal, political and military security in the island
  • states of the South-west Pacific. Clearly, climate change is an important threat to human security.
  • Thinking through climate change : an introduction
  • Action anthropique ; Changement climatique ; Changement global ; Climat ; Ecosystème ; Impact ; Interaction océan-atmosphère ; Niveau marin ; Paléoclimat ; Recherche géographique ; Variabilité climatique
  • Climate ; Climatic change ; Climatic variability ; Ecosystem ; Geographic research ; Global change ; Human impact ; Impact ; Ocean atmosphere interaction ; Palaeoclimate ; Sea level
  • Introduction à une série d'articles sur le rôle critique de l'interprétation géographique dans les débats d'actualité, en particulier celui du changement climatique. L'A. distingue 5 thèmes : le climat et le changement global; l'action anthropique
  • et le changement climatique; les impacts du changement climatique sur les processus environnementaux; l'impact du changement climatique sur des écosystèmes déjà dégradés; les relations entre le changement climatique, la consommation d'énergie et le
  • Climate change impacts on soil erosion in Midwest United States with changes in crop management
  • Soil erosion under climate change : rates, implications and feedbacks
  • Agricultural land use ; Agricultural practice ; Climatic change ; Forecast ; Impact ; Midwest ; Model ; Runoff ; Soil erosion ; United States of America ; Water erosion
  • Changement climatique ; Ecoulement ; Erosion des sols ; Erosion hydrique ; Etats-Unis ; Impact ; Midwest ; Modèle ; Pratique culturale ; Prévision ; Utilisation agricole du sol
  • In this study, changes in management were assigned based on previous studies of crop yield, optimal planting date, and most profitable rotations under climate change in the Midwestern United States. The soil erosion model appeared to underestimate
  • the impact of change in crop type, particularly to soybeans. This research shows that future crop management changes due to climate and economics can affect the magnitude of erosional impacts beyond that which would be predicted from direct climate change
  • Climate, greenhouse warming and the quality of life
  • Bioclimatology ; Climatic variation ; Climatic warming ; Environment ; Global change ; Greenhouse effect ; Quality of life
  • Bioclimatologie ; Changement global ; Effet de serre ; Environnement ; Qualité de la vie ; Réchauffement climatique ; Variation climatique
  • The A. starts with the question of the atmospheric environment and quality of life and then studies the quality of climate and population response. He concludes with the implications of climate change for both environmental quality and quality
  • Climate literacy and a national climate service
  • Changement climatique ; Climat ; Education ; Enseignement ; Etats-Unis ; Information ; Service climatique ; Stratégie d'acteurs ; Vulnérabilité
  • Climate ; Climatic change ; Decision making process ; Education ; Information ; Teaching ; United States of America ; Vulnerability
  • The prospect of climate change is driving a renewed effort within the scientific community to develop a system of climate services to inform decision-makers about the potential impacts of climate change. Climate literacy is part of a coordinated
  • effort to make people more aware of their natural environment and factors, both natural and anthropogenic, that cause disruptions to that environment. A more informed user is a more effective user; this concept lies at the heart of climate services
  • . This paper concludes with an examintion of the importance of climate literacy as a component of a U.S. National Climate Service.
  • Global climate change and fish and fisheries : what might happen in a temperate oceanic archipelago like New Zealand
  • Biogeography ; Climatic variation ; Fish ; Fresh water ; Global change ; Human impact ; Natural resources ; New Zealand ; Temperature
  • Action anthropique ; Biogéographie ; Changement global ; Eau douce ; Nouvelle-Zélande ; Poisson ; Ressource naturelle ; Température ; Variation climatique
  • If predicted global climatic changes occur, New Zealand is likely to experience changes in temperature along the north-south axis, but changes in rainfall across this axis, with more rain in the west and less in the east. Such climate changes
  • Late Quaternary environmental and climatic changes in Central Brazil
  • Brazil ; Climatic variation ; Palaeo-environment ; Palynology ; Pollen diagram ; Quaternary
  • Paleoenvironmental changes dating back to 30,000 yr B.P. documented in a pollen record from central Brazil (lat. 19o S) permit the reconstruction of climatic changes related to shifts of the Antarctic polar fronts. The paleoclimatic inferences were
  • obtained by a study of modern vegetation and pollen distribution, taking into account present-day climatic parameters.
  • A 2000- year context for modern climate change
  • Climate change and variability. Special issue
  • Atmospheric circulation ; Climatic change ; Climatic variability ; Global change ; Greenhouse effect ; Hydrology ; Intertropical convergence ; Palaeoclimatology ; Present time ; Radiation
  • Actuel ; Changement climatique ; Changement global ; Circulation atmosphérique ; Convergence intertropicale ; Effet de serre ; Hydrologie ; Paléoclimatologie ; Radiation ; Variabilité climatique
  • The AA. concentrate on hydrologic and atmospheric circulation changes occurring over the last 2000 years. Here, 8 latitudinally well distributed (pole-equator-pole), highly resolved (annual to decadal) climate poxy records are presented
  • that demonstrate major changes in these variables over the last 2000 years. A comparison between atmospheric C 14 and these changes in climate demonstrates a first-order relationship between a variable Sun and climate. The relationship is seen on a global scale.
  • Climate as a changing component of landscape : recent evidence and projections for Hungary
  • Geomorphology and changing environments in Central Europe
  • Cartographie thématique ; Changement global ; Climat ; Hongrie ; Modèle ; Précipitation ; Réchauffement climatique ; Série chronologique ; Température ; Variation climatique
  • Climate ; Climatic variation ; Climatic warming ; Global change ; Hungary ; Model ; Precipitation ; Temperature ; Thematic mapping ; Time series
  • In this paper long-term means of monthly temperatures and precipitations in Hungary from 50- and 40-year periods on the one hand and 30- and 10-year intervals of the latter 40-year period are compared. Maps of expected future climates are analysed
  • Changes in climatic variability and maize yield in Northeast China
  • Agroclimatology ; Atmospheric circulation ; China ; Climatic variability ; Crop ; Maize ; Model ; Stochastic model
  • A dynamic simulation model for maize growth and development, MZMOD, was used to assess the potential implication of the changes in both climatic means and variability, and the impacts of crop management in changing climate on maize production
  • in Northeast China. The impacts of the diverse distributions of climatic factors determined by multiple changes in climatic variability on maize production and its variation, however, are not identical and have distinct regional disparities.
  • Key factors in african climate change evaluated by a regional climate model
  • Afrique ; Changement climatique ; Climat ; Dégradation de l'environnement ; Effet de serre ; Modèle ; Sol ; Température de surface ; Végétation
  • Africa ; Climate ; Climatic change ; Environmental degradation ; Greenhouse effect ; Model ; Soil ; Surface temperature ; Vegetation
  • L'A. s'intéresse aux principaux facteurs de variabilité climatique et cherche à identifier les futurs changements climatiques en Afrique grâce à l'élaboration d'un modèle. Sont prises en compte les données concernant les températures de surface de
  • Climate variability and climatic change : potential implications for Hudson Bay coastal communities
  • Bay ; Canada ; Climatic change ; Climatic variability ; Coastal environment ; Community ; Hudson ; Impact ; Land use ; Quebec ; Sea ice ; Wildlife
  • Baie ; Canada ; Changement climatique ; Communauté ; Glace de mer ; Hudson ; Impact ; Littoral ; Québec ; Utilisation du sol ; Variabilité climatique ; Vie sauvage
  • Revue de l'utilisation du sol passée et actuelle et des pratiques de récolte des ressources des communautés littorales (Cree et Inuit) en fonction de la variabilité du climat et /ou du changement climatique.
  • The impact of climate on the discharge of the River Rhine
  • Bilan hydrologique ; Climat ; Cours d'eau ; Débit ; Europe ; Impact ; Modèle ; Rhin ; Variabilité climatique
  • Climate ; Climatic variability ; Discharge ; Europe ; Impact ; Model ; Rhine ; Stream ; Water balance
  • In this book a first attempt has been made to provide a more detailed, quantitative assessment of the sensitivity of the River Rhine discharge to climate change. The attempt indicates the order of magnitude of the effect of a climatic change
  • Carbon dioxide, climatic change and agriculture
  • Agriculture ; Atmosphère ; Changement climatique ; Climat ; Dioxyde de carbone ; Effet de serre ; Etude d'impact ; Géographie humaine ; Pollution ; Réchauffement
  • L'a. étudie les effets sur l'agriculture d'une haute concentration de dioxyde de carbone d'une part, des changements climatiques d'autre part| 3 analyses d'impact sont présentées.
  • Les relations Climat-Homme-Climat
  • Brésil ; Changement global ; Climat ; Climat local ; Climat régional ; Paraná ; Réchauffement climatique
  • Brazil ; Climate ; Climatic warming ; Global change ; Local climate ; Paraná ; Regional climate
  • This analyse focus the global change and its regional and local manifestations on the south of Brazil, on the Parana's State. Dates from eight places-cities were analysed and has shown an increase in air temperature, notably on the last decade
  • L'Arctique face au changement climatique
  • Arctic Region ; Climatic change ; Climatic variation ; Cryosphere ; Fast ice ; Impact ; Sea ice ; Twentieth Century ; Twenty-first century
  • Arctique ; Banquise ; Changement climatique ; Cryosphère ; Glace de mer ; Impact ; Siècle 20 ; Siècle 21 ; Variation climatique
  • Un siècle de variation des températures dans l'Arctique. La cryosphère, indicateur du changement climatique ? La variabilité du climat de l'Arctique : nouvelles conceptions. Quel climat pour l'Arctique au XXIème siècle ?
  • Global climate changes and the tourism of China
  • China ; Climatic warming ; Forecast ; Global change ; Impact ; Model ; Precipitation ; Sea level ; Tourism ; Tropical cyclone
  • Changement global ; Chine ; Cyclone tropical ; Impact ; Modèle ; Niveau marin ; Précipitation ; Prévision ; Réchauffement climatique ; Tourisme
  • Model simulations and paleoclimatic data studies show an evident change in temperature and precipitation over China will occur under conditions of the global warming. Possible scenarios of the future climates are given here for China on the basis
  • of synthesizing model simulations and paleoclimatic data. Most parts of China will experience an increase in temperature, but the warming may be more remarkable in winter in the northern half of the country. Some regions will benefit from the climate change
  • [b1] National Climate Center, Beijing, Chine
  • Climate change and agricultural production: an extensive averaged spatial-ecologic approach
  • Agricultural production ; Cereal ; Climatic variation ; Cultivated plants ; Global change ; Impact study ; Scenario ; Simulation
  • Changement global ; Céréale ; Etude d'impact ; Plante cultivée ; Production agricole ; Scénario ; Simulation ; Variation climatique
  • The approach allows the temporal impacts of climate change to be determined, measured in terms of the degree of adaptation of the agricultural sector to climate change. Use is made of a world agricultural commodity markets model, constructed
  • with the static World Policy Simulation modelling framework, to determine the combined direct and indirect temporal impacts of an enhanced greenhouse effect climate scenario.
  • Le changement climatique en Afrique du Sud au 20e siècle.
  • Changement climatique
  • Afrique ; Afrique australe ; Aridité ; Changement global ; Classification des climats ; Climat ; Réchauffement climatique ; Siècle 20
  • Africa ; Aridity ; Climate ; Climate classification ; Climatic warming ; Global change ; Southern Africa ; Twentieth Century
  • Les régions arides du sud de l'Afrique réagissent rapidement aux changements climatiques. Les AA. étudient l'impact respectif des changements de températures et de précipitations. A l'aide de la classification climatique de Köppen, l'application de
  • méthodes statistiques multivariées conduit à différencier un climat particulier au sud de l'Afrique au 20e siècle.
  • Are we there yet? NSW local governments’ progress on climate change
  • Adaptation ; Australie ; Changement climatique ; Climat ; Gas à effet de serre ; Gouvernement local ; New South Wales ; Réduction des émissions
  • Adaptation ; Australia ; Climate ; Climatic change ; Green house effect ; New South Wales
  • This article examines New South Wales local governments’ progress on climate change. It is found that councils are responding to any potential impacts of climate change and that they are abating significant quantities of emissions. Adaptation
  • is progressing through the development of risk-based climate change adaptation plans. Councils are addressing particular areas of management, such as water management, assisted by guidelines which incorporate consideration for climate change as part of best
  • Advancing our understanding of the vulnerability of farming to climate change
  • Climate change and human security
  • Adaptation ; Agriculture ; Canada ; Climatic change ; Farm ; Ontario ; Ottawa ; Social change ; Vulnerability
  • Adaptation ; Agriculture ; Canada ; Changement climatique ; Changement social ; Exploitation agricole ; Ontario ; Ottawa ; Vulnérabilité
  • L'évaluation de la vulnérabilité des systèmes agricoles se doit de considérer non seulement l'exposition aux changements et aux stresseurs, tels la sècheresse et la mondialisation, mais également la capacité des exploitations agricoles d'y faire
  • face et si nécessaire de s'y adapter, en tenant compte des facteurs de changement social.
  • Climate change : what do we know about the IPCC ?
  • Années 1990 ; Années 2000 ; Changement climatique ; Changement global ; Climat ; Evaluation des connaissances ; Gouvernance ; IPCC ; Impact ; Institution ; Recherche ; Situation d'incertitude
  • Climate ; Climatic change ; Global change ; Governance ; Impact ; Institution ; Knowledge evaluation ; Research ; The 1990's ; The 2000's ; Uncertainty
  • The research that has been conducted on the IPCC (United nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) as an institution has come mostly from science and technology studies scholars and a small number of critical social scientists. The IPCC’s
  • influence on the construction, mobilization and consumption of climate change knowledge is considerable. The review therefore ends by encouraging geographers of science to turn their research and scholarship to understanding the roles played by the IPCC
  • , and equivalent institutional processes of climate change knowledge assessment, in the contemporary world.
  • Adapting to climate change in South Africa: commercial farmers’ perception of and response to changing climate
  • Adaptation ; Agriculture ; Climatic change ; Farmer behaviour ; Perception ; South Africa
  • Adaptation ; Afrique du Sud ; Agriculture ; Changement climatique ; Comportement des agriculteurs ; Perception
  • Understanding how and why farmers have responded to past climate change is a necessary step to informing how to support current and future adaptation. This paper explores commercial farmers’ perceptions and responses to shifting climates
  • in the Little Brak River area along South Africa’s south coast. It evaluates changes in climate experienced in the area by comparing quantitative statistical analyses of temperature, rainfall and wind data recorded from 1967 to 2009, with qualitative historical
  • narratives and formulated perceptions of change for the same period. - (AJC)
  • Progress in global climate change politics ? Reasserting national state territoriality in a 'post-political' world
  • Climatic change ; Global change ; Globalization ; Nation-state ; Policy ; Post-political consensus ; Territoriality
  • Changement climatique ; Changement global ; Consensus post-politique ; Etat-nation ; Mondialisation ; Politique ; Territorialité
  • This paper builds on previous geographical and social science work at the boundaries of climate change by(re)asserting the significance of the territoriality of the national state in global climate negotiations. Using post-political consensus
  • as a theoretical framework and drawing upon examples from climate change negotiations like Kyoto and Copenhagen, it argues that it is too premature to fetishize the consensus of, and collectivism between national states in global climate politics. As geographers
  • , ‘territoriality’, both as a material and discursive device, is fundamental in, and constitutive of, how we interpret and understand climate change and the politics thereof.
  • The hydrological regime of rivers in the light of scenarios of global climatic change
  • Hydrological processes and water resources in the face of global climate change
  • Changement global ; Cours d'eau ; Débit ; Modèle ; Pologne ; Régime hydrologique ; Saison ; Système d'information géographique
  • Discharge ; Geographical information system ; Global change ; Hydrological regime ; Model ; Poland ; Season ; Stream
  • This article seeks to achieve 2 aims : - to classify the hydrological regimes of the rivers Rega, Utrata and Soła, representing different climatic and physio-geographical regions of Poland, and - to assess changes in their regimes following
  • the adopted scenarios of global climatic change.
  • The global climate
  • Le climat de la Terre
  • Action homme ; Circulation climatique ; Climat ; Monographie ; Paléoclimat ; Planète Terre
  • Climate ; Climate-induced circulation ; Earth ; Human activity ; Monographs ; Paleoclimate ; Paleoclimatology
  • A partir des données obtenues lors du World Climate Research Programme, on décrit le climat de la Terre et les processus et interactions complexes qui déterminent les changements climatiques. Toutes les variables climatiques: atmosphère, océans
  • , terre et calottes glaciaires, sont examinées, et un certain nombre de problèmes sont passés en revue, notamment la prévision des changements de climat et l'influence des activités de l'homme sur le climat lui-même.
  • Recent forest limit changes in south-east Norway : effects of climate change or regrowth after abandoned utilisation ?
  • Biogeography ; Climatic change ; Forest ; Human impact ; Norway ; Scenario ; Tree line ; Vegetation dynamics ; Vegetation map
  • Action anthropique ; Années 1959-2006 ; Biogéographie ; Carte de la végétation ; Changement climatique ; Dynamique de la végétation ; Forêt ; Limite supérieure de la forêt ; Norvège ; Scénario
  • The forest limits of south-east Norway have expanded to higher altitudes. Two main processes are believed to cause these changes : regrowth after abandonment of human utilisation and recent climate changes. To separate the effects of these 2
  • processes, 4 datasets have been used : climate data, downscaled climate change scenario data, forest height growth, and 4 vegetation maps. The maps represent the years 1959 and 2001, potential natural vegetation (PNV), and a climate change scenario (CCS
  • of recent climate change. The results show that raised forest limits and forest range expansion often attributed to recent climate change is rather the product of regrowth, a process that was climatically retarded from 1959 to 1995. For the period 1995-2006
  • , the data indicate a preliminary effect of climate change escalating the regrowth and probably pushing the future forest limits to higher altitudes.
  • ). The recent upper potential climatic and edaphic forest limit (UPCEFL) was used to define the potential for forest regrowth after the abandonment of human utilisation. Forest height growth and climate data were then used to analyse any supplementary effect
  • Meso- und micro-climatic aspects of Berlin's urban climate
  • Berlin's changing geography
  • Allemagne ; Berlin ; Biodiversité ; Chaleur ; Climat ; Climat régional ; Climat urbain ; Faune ; Flore
  • Berlin ; Biodiversity ; Climate ; Fauna ; Flora ; Germany ; Heat ; Regional climate ; Urban climate
  • Comme toutes les grandes villes, Berlin possède un climat urbain spécifique. Il dépend en partie d'une localisation de la ville au centre d'une grande vallée constituée de dépôts morainiques. Pour mesurer l'influence du climat urbain sur la faune et
  • Introduction - Climate science literacy : a state of the knowledge overview
  • Changement climatique ; Climat ; Concept ; Connaissance ; Enseignement ; Etats-Unis ; Perception ; Variabilité climatique
  • Climate ; Climatic change ; Climatic variability ; Concept ; Knowledge ; Perception ; Teaching ; United States of America
  • to climate literacy lies in the understanding or perceived understanding of the term climate. In recent times, the subtle distinction between weather vs. climate, climate variability vs. change, and natural vs. anthropogenic forcings appears to have been lost
  • This special issue stems from the need to highlight the widespread misconceptions about climate science in general, and to present successful strategies from which we can learn as we strive toward a climate-literate citizenry. One of the challenges
  • . The disconnect between actual climate science knowledge and perceived knowledge is pervasive in nature and global in extent. This special issue is a timely one that captures the state of knowledge concerning climate literacy at a critical watershed moment.
  • Basin hydrologic response to changes in climate and land use : the Conestoga river basin, Pennsylvania
  • Climatic variation ; Geographical information system ; Hydrology ; Land use ; Pennsylvania ; Scenario ; Stream flow ; United States of America ; Urbanization ; Watershed
  • This paper examines, by developping climate change and land-use change scenarios combined with a hydrologic simulation model, how streamflow will change in a basin that is expected to experience both climate and land-use changes. It will also
  • examine how changes in the amount of mean annual and monthly streamflow differ across watersheds of different size under various scenarios. To estimate the hydrologic effect of climate change and land-use change, a GIS-based conceptual hydrochemical model
  • (AVGWLF) is applied for a medium-sized watershed in the humid temperate climate of the northeastern United States.
  • CHANG, H.
  • Establishing research objectives to address issues of climate change
  • Changement global ; Effet de serre ; Programme de recherche ; Recherche
  • Global change ; Greenhouse effect ; Research ; Research programme
  • There are numerous possible expensive research projects that could address each of the many facets of the implications of global climate change. The paper describes a systematic process to identify and the structure the objectives of research
  • on global change. The result is a hierarchy of 81 important research objectives.
  • Climate change in the northeastern US : regional climate model validation and climate change projections
  • Changement climatique ; Différenciation spatiale ; Etats Unis du Nord-Est ; Etats-Unis ; Modèle ; Modèle de climat régional ; Précipitation ; Réchauffement climatique ; Siècles 20-21 ; Température
  • Climatic change ; Climatic warming ; Model ; Precipitation ; Spatial differentiation ; Temperature ; United States of America
  • Un modèle de climat régional à haute résolution permet de diviser le Nord-Est des États-Unis en quatre régions homogènes quant à l'évolution récente des températures de l'air en surface et à celle de la variabilité pluviométrique. Un découpage très
  • Public targets, private choices : urban climate governance in the Pacific Northwest
  • Changement climatique ; Climat urbain ; Effet de serre ; Empreinte écologique ; Etats-Unis ; Gouvernance ; Northwest Pacific ; Politique climatique ; Politique des transports ; Politique urbaine ; Secteur privé ; Secteur public
  • Climate policy ; Climatic change ; Ecological footprint ; Governance ; Greenhouse effect ; Private sector ; Public sector ; Transport policy ; United States of America ; Urban climate ; Urban policy
  • This article explores two interrelated research objectives. First, it seeks to understand how local governments regulate climate change. Second, it examines the motivations for participation in urban climate change programs. Results show
  • a preference for policies that rely on changes in individual behavior, economic incentives, and federal inaction on local government justification for climate-related policies. It concludes with a discussion of urban climate governance as part of a wider sys
  • -tem of neoliberal climate governance in Alaska, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, and Washington.
  • Climatic trends over the Tibetan Plateau during 1971-2000
  • Années 1971-2000 ; Changement global ; Chine ; Climat ; Donnée climatique ; Evapotranspiration ; Modèle ; Plateau ; Tendance du climat ; Tibet
  • China ; Climate ; Climatic data ; Climatic trend ; Evapotranspiration ; Global change ; Model ; Plateau ; Tibet
  • Trends of annual and monthly temperature, precipitation, potential evapotranspiration and aridity index were analyzed to understand climate change during the period 1971-2000 over the Tibetan Plateau which is one of the most special regions
  • sensitive to global climate change. FAO56-Penmen-Monteith model was modified to calculate potential evapotranspiration which integrated many climatic elements including maximum and minimum temperatures, solar radiation, relative humidity and wind speed
  • . The results would enhance the understanding of the potential impact of climate change on environment in the Tibetan Plateau.
  • Recent and future climate change in northwest China
  • Changement climatique ; Chine ; Climat ; Evaporation ; Précipitation ; Siècle 19 ; Siècle 20 ; Température ; Tendance du climat ; Variation climatique ; Xinjiang
  • China ; Climate ; Climatic change ; Climatic trend ; Climatic variation ; Evaporation ; Nineteenth Century ; Precipitation ; Temperature ; Twentieth Century ; Xinjiang
  • Au cours des dernières décennies, et surtout depuis 1987, le climat a fortement évolué, notamment dans le Xinjiang. La région est ainsi passé d'un climat tiède et sec (à la fin du XIXème siècle) à un climat chaud et humide. Le rapport entre
  • précipitations et évaporation permet néanmoins de distinguer des régions où le changement a été plus ou moins marqué. - (JPB)
  • Climate change in Mt. Qomolangma region since 1971
  • Années 1970 ; Années 1980 ; Années 1990 ; Années 2000 ; Anomalie climatique ; Changement climatique ; Changement global ; Chine ; Climat ; Donnée climatique ; Précipitation ; Température ; Tibet
  • China ; Climate ; Climatic anomaly ; Climatic change ; Climatic data ; Global change ; Precipitation ; Temperature ; Tibet ; Years 1970-79 ; Years 1980-89 ; Years 1990-99 ; Years 2000-2009
  • of the climatic change in this region were analyzed. Discussion of the results.
  • Using monthly average, maximum, minimum air temperature and monthly precipitation data from 5 weather stations, climatic linear trend, moving average, low-pass filter and accumulated variance analysis methods, the spatial and temporal patterns
  • Sudden climate transitions during the Quaternary
  • Climatic event ; Climatic variability ; Climatic variation ; Forecast ; Global change ; Greenhouse effect ; Human impact ; Interglacial ; Little ice age ; Quaternary
  • Action anthropique ; Changement global ; Effet de serre ; Interglaciaire ; Petit âge glaciaire ; Prévision ; Quaternaire ; Risque climatique ; Variabilité climatique ; Variation climatique
  • at which a dramatic change in the climate system will occur over just a decade or two, as a result of seemingly innocuous trigger. The evidence for dramatic past changes on the timescales of centuries to decades will be the subject of this review.
  • The time span of the past few million years has been punctuated by many rapid climate transitions, most of them on timescales of centuries to decades. Judging by what is seen from the past, conditions might gradually be building up to a break point
  • Climate change, biodiversity and the urban environment : a critical review based on London, UK
  • Biodiversité ; Changement climatique ; Climat urbain ; England ; Environnement urbain ; Espace vert ; Habitat ; Ilot de chaleur ; London ; Royaume-Uni ; Urbanisation ; Ville
  • Biodiversity ; Climatic change ; England ; Green space ; Habitat ; Heat island ; London ; Town ; United Kingdom ; Urban climate ; Urban environment ; Urbanization
  • This article reviews the range of climate-related threats to biodiversity in the aquatic, intertidal and terrestrial habitats of urban-areas. London is used as a case study to illustrate potential impacts, and to contend that green spaces in cities
  • could be used by planners to counter climate-related threats to biodiversity, as well as to improve flood control and air quality, and reduce urban heat island effects.
  • Simulating present and future climates of southern Africa using general circulation models
  • Afrique du Sud ; Changement global ; Circulation atmosphérique ; Climat ; Climat régional ; Modèle ; Précipitation ; Réchauffement climatique ; Simulation ; Variation climatique
  • Atmospheric circulation ; Climate ; Climatic variation ; Climatic warming ; Global change ; Model ; Precipitation ; Regional climate ; Simulation ; South Africa
  • This article provides a critical assessment of the techniques and approaches to modelling regional climate and climate change and their application in southern Africa. Particular attention will be given to addressing uncertainties associated
  • with modelling regional climate and their effect on developing regional climate change scenarios.
  • Détection des changements du climat : état, variabilité et phénomène extrême du climat
  • Climatic index ; Climatic variability ; Climatic variation ; Climatic warming ; Concept ; Exceptional event ; Northern hemisphere ; Russia ; Time series
  • Programme climatique mondial et suivi du système climatique. Détermination du concept de climat. Le réchauffement global. Le suivi du climat de la Russie : buts, problèmes, réalisation pratique. Estimations des changements du climat de la Russie
  • dans la seconde moitié du XXème siècle. Evaluations des changements de la variabilité du climat au-dessus des continents de l'hémisphère nord au 20ème siècle.
  • Le réchauffement du globe : changement climatique ou partie intégrante du climat?
  • Analyse de système ; Changement global ; Climat ; Concept ; Système ; Variation climatique
  • Climate ; Climatic variation ; Concept ; Global change ; System ; Systems analysis
  • Il existe tant de définitions divergentes du climat, du changement climatique et des variations climatiques qu'il serait utopique de prétendre apporter à la question posée une réponse définitive et susceptible de rallier tous les suffrages.―(JPB)
  • Contemporary changes of Baltic Sea ice
  • Global change: polish perspectives 2
  • Baltique mer ; Changement global ; Cycle climatique ; Glace ; Glace de mer ; Littoral ; Pologne ; Réchauffement climatique ; Statistique ; Tendance du climat ; Variation climatique
  • Baltic Sea ; Climatic cycle ; Climatic trend ; Climatic variation ; Climatic warming ; Coastal environment ; Global change ; Ice ; Poland ; Sea ice ; Statistics
  • . This research may be used to examine the effect of climatic warming on ice conditions in the Baltic Sea.
  • Changing regional climatic gradients in the United Kingdom
  • Atmospheric circulation ; Climate oscillation ; Climatic variation ; England ; Global change ; Impact ; United Kingdom ; Water resources ; Weather type
  • Changement global ; Circulation atmosphérique ; England ; Impact ; Oscillation climatique ; Ressource en eau ; Royaume-Uni ; Type de temps ; Variation climatique
  • The aim of this investigation is to examine past variations of this climatic gradient and their congruence with scenarios of future climatic change in the context of the synoptic climatology of northern Europe. The study period comprises the mid
  • Tools for assessing the impact of climate change on freshwater fish populations
  • Biogeography ; Climatic variation ; Ecosystem ; Fish ; Fresh water ; Model ; North America ; Temperature
  • The AA. examine the use of bioenergetic models to predict the impact of climate change on the growth of individual fish and the use of thermal habitat models to assess the impact of climate change on population abundance. They examine also the use
  • of life cycle models to assess the impact of climate change on the zoogeographic distribution of species. Finally, they identify new research required to further develop these methods.
  • Review of the studies on climate change since the last inter-glacial period on the Tibetan Plateau
  • Carotte de glace ; Changement climatique ; Chine ; Climat ; Dendrologie ; Holocène ; Oxygène 18 ; Précipitation ; Quaternaire ; Sédiment lacustre ; Température ; Tibet ; Variation climatique
  • China ; Climate ; Climatic change ; Climatic variation ; Dendrology ; Holocene ; Ice core ; Lacustrine sediment ; Oxygen 18 ; Precipitation ; Quaternary ; Temperature ; Tibet
  • Le point sur les études concernant le changement climatique, depuis le dernier interglaciaire, sur le Plateau tibétain : dendrologie, sédimentologie, carotte de glace.
  • Eustasy, palaeogeodesy and glacial volume changes in Sea level ice and climatic change.
  • Influence des changements paléogéodésiques sur l'eustatisme, le volume glaciaire et le paléoclimat.
  • Climatic change.
  • Are solar spectral variations a drive for climatic change?
  • The equity aspects of carbon dioxyde-induced climate change
  • Current regional climate change studies in Hungary : a review
  • Global change issues
  • Changement global ; Climat ; Dioxyde de carbone ; Effet de serre ; Hongrie ; Modèle stochastique ; Précipitation ; Prévision ; Réchauffement climatique ; Température
  • Carbon dioxide ; Climate ; Climatic warming ; Forecast ; Global change ; Greenhouse effect ; Hungary ; Precipitation ; Stochastic model ; Temperature
  • Dans la 1ère partie de cet article, étude des changements de température et de précipitation pendant le 20e siècle en Hongrie. Ensuite, récapitulation des conséquences possibles d'un futur changement de climat du point de vue hydrologique, agricole
  • et écologique. Finalement, présentation de l'évolution de la température et des changements de précipitation obtenus avec une méthode de downscaling stochastique. Le climat de la Hongrie a déjà connu un réchauffement et un déssèchement dans ce siècle
  • . Dans un climat influencé par une hausse de la teneur atmosphérique des gaz à effet de serre, cette tendance ira en s'accentuant.
  • Modes de variabilité et changement climatique
  • Changement climatique ; Changement global ; Climat ; Climat moyen ; Fluctuation climatique ; Tendance du climat ; Variabilité climatique ; Variation spatiale
  • Climate ; Climate fluctuation ; Climatic change ; Climatic trend ; Climatic variability ; Global change ; Spatial variation
  • Contrairement à ce que pourraient suggérer les tendances globales observées sur la fin du XXème siècle et leur projection pour le XXIème, le changement climatique représente l'intégration dans le temps d'une multitude de fluctuations, de plus ou
  • moins grande échelle spatiale et temporelle. Le changement moyen ne serait ainsi que le signal intégrateur dans le temps d'une réorganisation des modes antérieurs de variabilité ou l'excitation privilégiée d'une de leurs phases. - (JPB)
  • Should Quaternary sea-level changes be used to correct glacier ELAs, vegetation belt altitudes and sea level temperatures for inferring climate changes ?
  • Altitudinal zonation ; Climatic change ; Glacier ; Quaternary ; Sea level ; Snow line ; Vegetation
  • Changement climatique ; Glacier ; Limite d'enneigement ; Niveau marin ; Quaternaire ; Végétation ; Zonation altitudinale
  • Changes in the altitudes of glacier snowlines (ELAs) and the altitudes of montane vegetation belts (VBAs) measure Quaternary climatic change. Here, the A. shows that a recently proposed correction for these and other similar approaches is faulty
  • Abrupt climate change : an alternative view
  • Climatic change ; Geochemistry ; Global change ; Ice core ; Isotope analysis ; Ocean atmosphere interaction ; Ocean circulation ; Oxygen 18
  • Analyse isotopique ; Carotte de glace ; Changement climatique ; Changement global ; Circulation océanique ; Géochimie ; Interaction océan-atmosphère ; Oxygène 18
  • Hypotheses and inferences concerning the nature of abrupt climate change, exemplified by the Dansgaard-Oeschger (D-O) events, are reviewed. There is little concrete evidence that these events are more than a regional Greenland phenomenon
  • . The partial coherence of ice core δO 18 and CH4 is a possible exception. A likely scenario is that changes in the ocean circulation are a consequence of wind shifts. The disappearance of D-O events in the Holocene coincides with the diappearance also
  • Nouvelles connaissances sur l'évolution du climat
  • Action anthropique ; Changement global ; Climat ; France ; Siècle 20 ; Variabilité climatique ; Variation climatique
  • Climate ; Climatic variability ; Climatic variation ; France ; Global change ; Human impact ; Twentieth Century
  • Après quelques rappels sur la variabilité du climat, les AA. présentent les principales caractéristiques du changement climatique enregistré du début de l'ère industrielle à nos jours, en s'efforçant de séparer la composante naturelle et la
  • composante anthropique. L'accent est mis sur le cas de la France. L'ensemble se termine par quelques réflexions sur le climat du futur. - (JPB)
  • Histoire du climat
  • Changement global ; Climat ; Déterminisme ; Histoire ; Histoire du climat ; Variation climatique
  • Climate ; Climatic variation ; Determinism ; Global change ; History
  • climat et de l'histoire de l'humanité devient patent, même si la notion de déterminisme climatique doit être abordée avec une extrême prudence. La dernière partie traite des éventuels changements à venir. - (JPB)
  • Après une première partie qui retrace l'évolution du climat de la formation de la terre à l'apparition des êtres humains, en insistant sur l'incertitude des datations lointaines, la deuxième est consacrée à la période historique, où le couplage du
  • Bibliography ; Climatic variation ; Climatic warming ; Global change ; Greenhouse effect ; Palaeoclimatology
  • Bibliographie ; Changement global ; Effet de serre ; Paléoclimatologie ; Réchauffement climatique ; Variation climatique
  • This 1992 progress report will concentrate on summarizing developments in the science of global climate change and will address three aspects of this science : developments in palaeoclimatology as providing a context for interpreting
  • the instrumental temperature record; climate change detection; and scenarios of future greenhouse gas emissions and their associated global warming projections.