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  • A new history of cave development at Bungonia, N.S.W.
  • This paper presents a new developmental history of Bungonia caves based on cave morphology, clastic sediments in the caves and geological observations in the caves and their surroundings. Karst development at Bungonia can be traced back to at least
  • Permian times, but this account concentrates on development since the Late Mesozoic.
  • Eogenetic caves in Pleistocene carbonate in Slovenia
  • Cave ; Cave development ; Classification ; Conglomerate ; Diagenesis ; Karst ; Pleistocene ; Slovenia ; Speleology
  • This paper focuses on caves in Pleistocene carbonate conglomerates in Slovenia and for the first time defines them as eogenetic. The conglomerates show no deep burial that would resemble the mezogenetic stage of diagenesis and are still in the phase
  • of early diagenesis (i.e. eogenetic stage). Based on speleological analysis the eogenetic caves were grouped into four types; (1) linear stream caves, (2) shelter caves, (3) breakdown caves, and (4) vadose shafts. - (IKR)
  • Cave ; Cave development ; Erosion ; Karst ; Slovenia
  • The paper presents a denuded cave in the area of Podbojev laz, on the NW side of the Rakov Škocjan. The morphological properties of several sections of the denuded cave and its surroundings are described. It developed from an epiphreatic cave system
  • which used to function as an outflow cave system from the Rak valley. Morphometrical analysis of the slopes show that the denuded cave was developed in stages. As the surrounding surface is not flattened, the cave roof has been denuded gradually. - (L'A.).
  • Cave development under the influence of Pleistocene glaciation in the Dinarides - an example from Štirovača Ice Cave (Velebit Mt., Croatia)
  • Cave development ; Croatia ; Glacial features ; Glaciation ; Karst ; Karstification ; Palaeo-environment ; Pleistocene ; Records
  • The aim of this study is to examine the effect of Pleistocene glaciations on the speleogenesis of Štirovača Ice Cave, based on analyses of surface and cave morphology and of cave sediments, since it is well known that caves, and particularly clastic
  • sediments in caves, contain abundant information on speleogenesis and on the conditions of karstification. The AA. assume that Štirovača Ice Cave represents an important archive in regard to tha glacial history of the Velebit Mt.
  • The influence of sea-level change and geologic structure on cave development in west-central Florida
  • Carbonate dissolution ; Carbonate rock ; Cave development ; Florida ; Karst ; Karst filling ; Sea level ; Tectonics ; United States ; Vertical movement
  • The formation of caves in a portion of Citrus County, Florida is controlled structurally by northwest-southeast-trending joints that formed in the Suwannee Limestone during the uplift of Ocala Arch in the Miocene Epoch. The caves developed in a zone
  • where saline water from the Gulf of Mexico and fresh water from the Ocala uplift mixed. Further uplift elevated the caves above the mixing zone. Erosion caused sections of caves passages to collapse and/or be filled with sediment. The caves are fossil
  • segments of a formerly larger, interconnected cave system.
  • Cave levels and cave development in the Mitchell Plain following base-level lowering
  • The response of two adjacent cave systems to a single phase of valley entrenchment is examined here. The caves developed at different distances from the East Fork of the White River, the principal drainage and control on base level in the central
  • The case study on the effect of CO2 in cave atmosphere on stability of speleothem scenery in Yaolin cave, Zhejiang Province, China
  • Carbon dioxide ; Carbonate rock ; Cave ; China ; Human impact ; Karst ; Moisture ; Temperature ; Tourism ; Tourist flow ; Weathering
  • Because of the development of tourist activities and the facilities in the show cave, the closed system of show cave has been changed into the complicated open system. The great number of the visitors and the landscape lights give great deal
  • of thermoenergy to the show cave system, especially the high intensive lights make the temperature nearby goes up very fast and reduce the humidity. Under the function of artificial readjustment, the humidity of Yaolin cave atmosphere reaches to 97-100 percent
  • Effects of tourist development on caves and karst
  • . A determination of the limits of acceptable change may be a more useful guideline for evaluating cave development and visitor impacts.
  • This paper reviews some of the most common problems in cave and karst parks. Evidence from research on karst parks and tourist caves shows a decline over time in the diversity biota and a general degradation of the park experience for more tourists
  • Reconstruction of Alpine Cenozoic paleorelief through the analysis of caves at Siebenhengste (BE, Switzerland)
  • Bern ; Cave ; Cave development ; Cenozoic ; Glacial erosion ; Karst ; Palaeogeography ; Palaeogeomorphology ; Springs ; Switzerland ; Th/U dating ; Valley
  • The cave region of Siebenhengste, situated north of Lake Thun, contains one of the most important cave systems in the world, which extends from 500 to 2000 m a.s.l. It has a complex multiphase history. The recognized speleogenetic phases are related
  • to spring level and to old valley floors. The results lead to the hypothesis that the uppermost (oldest) cave parts were already created in the Miocene, during and after the last deposition of the Molasse. Ideas about the evolution of the paleorelief suggest
  • Salt cave cross-sections and their paleoenvironmental implications
  • Canyon ; Cave ; Diapir ; Holocene ; Israel ; Karst ; Neotectonics ; Palaeo-environment ; Salt
  • Salt caves respond rapidly to environmental changes. Direct measurement and C 14 dating show that complex cross-sections may develop in a few hundred years. Two basic forms are discussed : 1) ingrowing vadose canyons where changing width may
  • correspond to changing discharge; 2) wide low passages with flat ceilings, developed by upward dissolution, which may indicate rising base level. Some cross-sections are deformed by Holocene tectonics.
  • Regularities in cave development in Wangchuan, North Qinling mountains.
  • In this region, NE and NW trending shearing fractures combined with E-W running faults form a tectonic system which is still active. It controls the level, extent, and direction of the karstic caves. Level caves at three different elevations reflect
  • Origin and developments of limestone cave
  • Infiltration processes and flow rates in developed karst vadose zone using tracers in cave drips
  • Nine different cave drips were monitored and sampled for three hydrological years in fractured karst lithology on Mount Carmel, Israel. At three drips, discharge was measured continuously by tipping buckets. Rainfall and soil water content were
  • recorded above the cave. An artificial tracer experiment was conducted using uranine placed in a joint and at the soil-rock interface at soil pockets, both above the cave. Four hydrological types of drips: post-storm, seasonal, perennial, and overflow, were
  • Rates of cave and landform development in the Yorkshire dales from speleothem age data
  • Uranium-series ages have been obtained for 87 speleothems collected from nine major cave systems in the Craven district of northern England. Large systems such as Ease Gill Caverns, the West Kingsdale caves, and Gaping Gill-Ingleborough Cave, which
  • Lithological and structural guidance on speleogenesis in Spluga della Preta cave, Lessini Mountains (Veneto, Italy)
  • Applied geomorphology ; Aquifer ; Cave ; Cave development ; Italy ; Karst ; Lithology ; Stream ; Veneto
  • lithological guidance of the horizontal levels is demonstrated, considering only the deepest passages to be palaeo-phreatic. The main tectonic structures guide the oldest and inactive parts of the cave, developed mostly within weakly cohesive fault breccias
  • Spluga della Preta is one of the first caves in Italy to be well studied and described from a geological and morphological point of view. Eighty years after its first exploration a large amount of lithological and structural data has been collected
  • in the whole karst system and detailed surface geological surveys were carried out. The step-like profile of the cave was initially considered as a consequence of base-level lowering stages related to the entrenchment of the nearby Adige River. In this work
  • , whereas the active streams are now deepened along secondary joints. Morphological analysis allows inference of a hypothesis concerning the speleogenetic evolution of the cave and its relationship with an upper perched aquifer hosted in the Cretaceous
  • Granite caves in the north-east of the Iberian Peninsula: Artificial hypogea versus tafoni
  • Archaeology ; Catalonia ; Cave ; Crystalline rocks ; Geomorphogenesis ; Geomorphometry ; Granite ; Human impact ; Lithology ; Spain ; Taffoni ; Weathering
  • The origin of eight supposedly artificial caves in granite rocks located in the north-east of the Iberian Peninsula is revised in this work. Although human features are present in four of the caves, they have little morphological significance
  • , and therefore their attribution is re-evaluated on the basis of geomorphological analysis and tafoni genesis theories. In fact, these cavities are tafoni developed in bornhardts, castle koppjes, tors and corestones.
  • The flank margin model for dissolution cave development in carbonate platforms
  • The flank margin model presented here invokes a water-mixing mechanism to explain rapid development of caves of unusual morphology in the Bahama Islands. The mixing of discharging freshwater with tide-pulsed incoming marine water under the flank
  • Genesis and evolution of the caves in the Naica Mine (Chihuahua, Mexico)
  • Carbonate dissolution ; Cave ; Cave development ; Chihuahua ; Diagenesis ; Environmental degradation ; Geochemistry ; Gypsum ; Human impact ; Karst ; Mexico ; Mining activity ; Site preservation
  • . The anthropogenic processes induced by the mine depression cone had relevant consequences on the cave development giving rise to the evolution of several new diagenetic minerals, but also greatly enhancing the condensation corrosion and dissolution processes which
  • In this paper, after a short geologic outline of the Naica area, the mechanisms responsible for the genesis and the evolutionary steps of the Naica cave are discussed in detail mainly on the basis of the chemical deposits hosted inside the cavities
  • [a5] Natural History Museum, Karst and Cave, Vienna, Autriche
  • Rapid entrenchment of stream profiles in the salt caves of Mount Sedom, Israel
  • This paper focuses on downcutting rates and stream profile development measured in rock salt cave stream passages in the Mount Sedom salt diapir, Dead Sea rift valley, Israel. Although the area is very arid, the diapir contains extensive karst
  • This paper explores the possibilities of dating landform exposure by determining the timing of karst initiation across the region. The extensive salt karst system developed in Mount Sedom salt diapir, Israel, during the Holocene, is used. Multilevel
  • vadose caves were C 14 dated using wood fragments embedded in alluvial deposits. The oldest date of each cave is used to constrain the age of the salt exposure.
  • [b1] Cave Research Section, Dept. of Geography, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem, Israel