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  • Climatic reconstruction in historical times based on weather records
  • This paper tries to review the recent studies on the climatic reconstruction of Japan in historical times using weather records. Also it discusses the possibility and effectiveness of the quantification of historical data sources. An attempt is also
  • made to summarize future prospects in the field of historical climatology of Japan in comparison with that of other countries. - (SGA)
  • Ground-based remote sensing for archaeological information recovery in historic buildings
  • A database of historical earthquake activity in the Middle East
  • Asia ; Data base ; Documentation ; Earthquakes ; Historical geography ; Middle East ; Natural hazards ; Statistics
  • Asie ; Base de données ; Documentation ; Géographie historique ; Histogramme ; Moyen-Orient ; Risque naturel ; Statistique ; Séisme
  • Historical predecessors and current geographical possibilities of ethnic based territorial autonomies in the Carpathian Basin
  • Autonomy ; Carpathian Basin ; Ethnic community ; Ethnic minority ; Europe ; Historical geography ; Region ; Spatial distribution ; Territoriality
  • of collective rights of national minorities, the A. tries to outline the geographic background of existing (and missing) territorial autonomies in Europe and, in more details, the historical predecessors and the geographical possibilities of ethnic based
  • territorial autonomies in the Carpathian Basin. Although the emphasis is largely laid on the contemporary situation, there are important sections devoted to the historical development of the ethnic based territorial autonomies in the paper as well. - (AM)
  • Flood frequency and seasonality in the Sázava river catchment based on historical cases
  • Czech Republic ; Flood ; Historical account ; Nineteenth Century ; Seasonality ; Sixteenth Century
  • The paper gives an overall report on historical floods in the Sázava River Basin, focused on the pre-instrumental period in particular. The paper presents the first more detailed chronology of flood events on the Sázava River within the time limits
  • Agent-based simulation of the spatial evolution of the historical population in China
  • China ; Historical geography ; Model ; Population distribution ; Simulation ; Spatial dynamics
  • Modèle qui associe une simulation à base d'agents et des automates cellulaires afin de représenter la dynamique spatiale de la population chinoise au cours des deux derniers millénaires. La décision de migration est influencée par le changement dans
  • Die Berücksichtigung des historischen Aspekts bei der Analyse von Geosystemen. (Consideration of the historical aspect in the analysis of geosystems)
  • Based on the principle of systematic analysis, the peculiarities in analysing geographical objects regarded as geosystems are described and the historical aspects are taken into consideration. These peculiarities consist of aspects of limitation
  • The effects of timber haulage improvements on mahogany extraction in Belize : an historical geography
  • Belize ; Forest ; Historical geography ; Logging ; Wood
  • The economy of Belize, which occurs at very low densities in the rainforest, was based on the extraction of mahogany from the late 1700s to the mid-1900s. During this times, exploitation moved into the interior, particularly immediately after
  • A dinamikus gazdasagfoldrajz torténelmi elozményei. (Historical background of the dynamic economic geography)
  • (1633-1972) ; Base historique ; Ecole hongroise ; Géographie humaine ; Géographie économique ; Théorie
  • A provisional historical schema for Western Africa based on seven climate periods (ca. 9 000 B.C. to the 19th century)
  • The historical transformation of the urban structure of Akita
  • reconstructed based on various historical maps and writings. - (KA)
  • lord to the structure which has grown in a piecemeal and unplanned manner under a variety of influences. Attention is focused on the historic core of today's Akita, the original castle town site, and then the changes of land use of the city have been
  • The use of historical data and artifacts in geomorphology
  • Aerial photography ; Archaeology ; Climatic data ; Geomorphology ; Historical geography ; Hydraulic works ; Land use ; Litter ; Topographic map
  • Investigations in geomorphology and environmental management can be greatly enhanced by the use of of historical techniques. The approach is useful for tracing human-induced changes as well as for those occurring naturally. Several primary
  • techniques are introduced in this essay : Instrumented topographic surveys; Stream and sediment discharge records; Permanent landscape features; Land (cadastral) surveys; Aerial photographs; Ground-based oblique photography; Litter; Contemporary descriptions
  • Weather pattern in winter from 1800 to 1870 in Japan based on the historical documents
  • Climatic variation ; Historical geography ; Japan ; Temperature ; Winter
  • Historical GIS : structuring, mapping and analysing geographies of the past
  • Data base ; Geographical information system ; Historical geography ; Space time
  • Base de données ; Espace-temps ; Géographie historique ; Système d'information géographique
  • Research of historical landscape by using old maps with focus to its positional accuracy
  • Cartography ; Comparative study ; Czech Republic ; Geographical information system ; Historical mapping ; Landscape ; Landscape analysis ; Landscape structure ; Old map ; Středočeský
  • Old maps are an important historical source for exploring historical landscapes. They are often used as cartographic bases for studying structural changes and reconstruction of land use. This study is concerned with comparison of positional accuracy
  • of a set of 'old maps' as compared to present-day maps. Determination of positional deviations defines the degree of precision of the old map and its potential for its use in GIS applications. The total of ten unique historical maps in different scales
  • A 1,000-year history of typhoon landfalls in Guangdong, Southern China, reconstructed from chinese historical documentary records
  • Atmospheric dynamics ; China ; Climatic cycle ; Climatic variability ; Guangdong ; Historical geography ; Ocean atmosphere interaction ; Palaeoclimatology ; Periodicity ; Time series ; Tropical cyclone
  • The AA. have reconstructed a 1,000-year time series of typhoon landfalls in the Guangdong Province, since AD 975 based on data compiled from Fang Zhi (semi-official local gazettes). Even though the 571 typhoon strikes recorded in the historical
  • documents probably underrepresent the total number of typhoon landfalls in Guangdong, calibration of the historical data against the observations during the instrumental period 1884-1909 suggests that the trends of the 2 datasets are significantly correlated
  • , confirming that the time series reconstructed from historical documentary evidence contains a reliable record of variability in typhoon landfalls. Spectral analysis of the Guangdong time series reveals a 50-year cycle in typhoon landfall frequency.
  • The dead, place/space, and social activism : constructing the nationscape in historic Melaka
  • of cultural identity and representations of state nationalism to halt development plans for a historic landscape. These issues are examined by negociating the relationship between locally based cultures of place, and political and economic forces seeking
  • The A. examines a major land-use conflict, between economic development interests and a grass-roots preservation movement with links to the national opposition party, to assess how preservation activists mobilised place-based constructions
  • to appropriate space, in a piece of historic land in Melaka.
  • Tourist impact in the historic centre of Prague : resident and visitor perceptions of the historic built environment
  • Czech Republic ; Historic centre ; Impact ; Inner city ; Perception ; Prague ; Retail trade ; Site preservation ; Socialism ; Tourism ; Urban development ; Urban renewal
  • A Prague, comme dans les autres villes historiques européennes, la croissance du tourisme a changé les perceptions des espaces culturels urbains du centre-ville ancien. Selon l'A. qui se base sur des études statistiques, le tourisme génère nombre de
  • Analysis of daily and monthly spatial variance components in historical temperature records
  • Climatic variation ; Forecast ; Greenhouse effect ; Historical climate ; Model ; Spatial variation ; Temperature
  • The purpose of this paper is to examine changes in the spatial variance of mean monthly and daily temperatures that may have occurred during the period of historical records. The northern hemispheric lower-tropospheric satellite-based temperature
  • declined during the period of historical records and spatial variance is negatively related to mean hemispheric temperature. These results are consistent with model predictions.
  • River channel planform change : software for historical analysis
  • Cartography ; Channel geometry ; Flood ; Fluvial dynamics ; Historical geography ; Nineteenth Century ; Research technique ; Scotland ; Software ; Stream ; Twentieth Century ; United Kingdom
  • ER MAPPER TM, an image processing system, was used to manipulate scanned maps, plans and aerial photographs to enable detailed analysis of historical river channel planform change. It offers the opportunity to spatially reference each item
  • of planform data into the same scale and co-ordinate space as a base map, using a warping algorithm and operator selected ground control points. Results obtained for the Cleekhimin Burn, a site in southern Scotland, are briefly presented and discussed
  • , and the advantages of the package and the limitations of the historical database are also outlined.