inscription
PORTAIL D'INFORMATION GÉOGRAPHIQUE

Résultats de la recherche (343 résultats)

Affinez votre recherche

Par Collection Par Auteur Par Date Par Sujet Par Titre
  • Competing interests and the political market for smart growth policy
  • Land policy ; Land use ; Massachusetts ; United States of America ; Urban policy ; Zoning
  • Based on the political market framework, this study specifically examines the influence of pro-growth and smart-growth interest groups on smart growth policies adopted by local governments in the state of Massachusetts, USA. The results suggest both
  • real estate interests and environmental groups influence local policy decisions, and depending on the policy, the characteristics of local political institutions mediate these influences.
  • 2014
  • Immigration, local policy, and national identity in the suburban United States
  • Chicago ; Ethnic minority ; Illinois ; Immigration policy ; International migration ; National identity ; Suburbs ; United States of America ; Urban policy ; Washington D.C.
  • This article examines four local immigration policies in the Chicago and Washington DC metropolitan areas to explain how suburbs justify their policy positions. It shows that these suburban communities rely on conceptions of American identity
  • and the ‘American Dream’ in support of their policies, but leverage these tropes in vastly different ways depending on the broader strategic purposes of the policies. These divergent suburban immigration policies both challenge traditional notions of suburban
  • political and cultural homogeneity and reveal how such heterogeneity has produced a distinct unevenness in contemporary local policy responses to undocumented immigration within metropolitan regions.
  • 2014
  • Agglomeration and regional growth policy: externalities versus comparative advantages
  • Cluster ; Depressed region ; Externalities ; Regional economy ; Regional policy
  • This paper explores the existence of different types of static and dynamic externalities and shows the relationship between externalities, interregional trade, and cluster policy. First, it contributes to a better characterization of dynamic
  • to the clustering mode of production in the regional context. Third, the paper contributes to give a more accurate theoretic basis to the regional cluster policy and to help policy-makers in choosing the right policy for increasing the well-being of depressed
  • regions. The major conclusion is that policy must pursue a combination of the comparative advantage principle with one type of dynamic externalities un-covered in this paper: the “related variety benefits” of agglomeration.
  • 2014
  • Institutional conditions and innovation systems : on the impact of regional policy on firms in different sectors
  • Agribusiness ; Chemical industry ; Economic sector ; Firm ; Industrial cluster ; Innovation ; Regional economy ; Regional policy ; Scania ; Sweden
  • This paper deals with institutional conditions in regional innovation systems: how institutions affect the organization of innovation activities among firms; and in what ways regional policy initiatives can be supportive. The analysis draws on data
  • on innovation networks, activities, and regional policies targeting the life science, media and food industries in Scania, Sweden. The study takes account of the ways in which regional policies can impact individuals' and organizations' action in relation
  • to each other by being internalized. It is argued that such ability is decisive for the success or failure of the policy initiative.
  • 2014
  • Agricultural Landscape Sustainability under Pressure : Policy Developments and Landscape Change
  • Pathways towards Local Scale Policy Integration in Agricultural Landscapes
  • Agricultural landscape ; Agricultural policy ; Agriculture ; Counterurbanization ; Denmark ; Farmer ; Planning ; Sustainable development ; Urbanization
  • Agricultural landscape sustainability is affected by combinations of agricultural developments and various forms of urbanisation. This paper analyses how public policy, including spatial planning, has responded over time and affected these two
  • differently to full-time farmers, while they also affect demand for land and thus price levels. Furthermore, long-term and recent developments in public policy as responses to changing agricultural landscapes are analysed and discussed. With a focus on counter
  • -urbanisation, the paper discusses how agricultural policies, environmental policies and spatial planning policies are poorly integrated and—when viewed together—fail to respond to the intersecting dynamics of agricultural developments and urbanisation
  • . The paper proposes a collaborative landscape planning approach to ensure policy integration and to promote agricultural landscape sustainability.
  • 2014
  • Seeds for change? Attaining the benefits of community gardens through council policies in Sydney, Australia
  • Agriculture ; Australia ; Community ; Food production ; Garden ; Land use ; Neighbourhood ; New South Wales ; Spatial distribution ; Sydney ; Urban policy
  • This research looks at the elements that community garden policies should contain in order to best promote community gardens and attain their benefits. Focusing on Sydney, the research evaluates and compares the quality of the community garden
  • policies with the distribution of community gardens in local councils and across broader geographic regions. Councils or regions that might benefit from greater access to community gardens are identified and ways in which councils, and the Sydney Region
  • as a whole, might improve their community garden policies are discussed.
  • 2014
  • Urban growth and climate adaptation in Australia : divergent discourses and implications for policy-making
  • Adaptation ; Australia ; Climate ; Climatic change ; Discourse ; Governance ; Private sector ; Public sector ; Queensland ; Urban growth ; Urban policy
  • employed by different actors and the way their arguments have been consolidated in the practices of urban policy-making. It suggests a divergence of growth and adaptation storylines, contributing to maintaining the gap between these policy agendas. Progress
  • may be made, however, in the pragmatic discourses of actual policy implementation.
  • 2014
  • Measurementality’ in biodiversity governance : knowledge, transparency, and the Intergovernmental Science–Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES)
  • This article examines measurementality’ in biodiversity governance through knowledge, transparency, and the Intergovernmental Science–Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES). It suggests that this approach aims to coordinate
  • the science–policy interface in order to optimize the generation of user-friendly knowledge of those elements of biodiversity that are considered politically and economically relevant. It concludes that measurementality is part and parcel of the neoliberal
  • paradigm in which science produces the raw materials for subsequent control and exchange and that, as a result, the intersection of science, discourse, policy, and economics within these governance systems requires sustained critical scrutiny.
  • 2014
  • [b1] Forest and Nature Conservation Policy Group, Univ. and Research Centre, Wageningen, Pays-Bas
  • Stuck in transition : Russian regional planning policy between spatial polarization and equalization
  • Core-periphery ; Economic policy ; Planning ; Polarization ; Regional development ; Regional policy ; Russia
  • policy, caused by fundamental contradictions between authoritarian centralization and the need to stimulate growth; (2) that in the absence of coherent regional policy, the government and other actors employ ad hoc “unguided” approaches to regional
  • 2014
  • Nested methodological approaches for cluster policy evaluation : an application to the Basque Country
  • Basque Country ; Competitiveness ; Economic sector ; Firm ; Firm strategy ; Industrial cluster ; Industrial policy ; Productivity ; Regional economy ; Spain
  • This paper explores the evaluation of cluster policies designed to support cooperation and networking. It examines the case of the long-running Basque policy, where support is provided for ‘cluster associations’. It first examines empirical-ly
  • with the policy. This empirical work is complemented with context-specific knowledge of the policy in question to show that the nesting of both empirical and contextual approaches is crucial for effectively evaluating such policies.
  • 2014
  • Policy Integration for Sustainable Agricultural Landscapes : Taking Stock of UK Policy and Practice
  • Pathways towards Local Scale Policy Integration in Agricultural Landscapes
  • This paper examines English experience with agri-environment schemes as a tool to promote sustainable landscapes. Evidence is drawn from policy and academic literature and selected recent research. Performance is assessed by reference to key notions
  • insensitivity to the evolving needs and concerns of farming businesses, the wider policy context, and thereby to the integrity of the landscape. An upland case study illustrates problems of poor communication and advice, narrow and inconsistent delivery
  • with farmers, is needed. Emerging non-policy innovations and new initiatives may offer lessons for an improved approach.
  • 2014
  • Landscapes of Intersecting Trade and Environmental Policies : Intensive Canadian and American Farmlands
  • Pathways towards Local Scale Policy Integration in Agricultural Landscapes
  • Agricultural landscape ; Agriculture ; Canada ; Environment ; Environmental change ; Farm ; Great Lakes ; Iowa ; Management ; Ontario ; Trade policy ; United States of America
  • , this paper provides a retrospective review of the landscape effects of policies and practices related to environmental stewardship and agricultural trade. Conservation policies and typical farm practices are described and compared for the two regions
  • with an emphasis on lasting beneficial environmental outcomes. Connections among land cover changes, environmental consequences, and changes in environmental and trade policies and programs are considered along with future changes in farm management, trade
  • liberalisation, and farm revenue sources. The paper concludes with prospective ideas of how policies and practices can maintain or enhance environmental benefits within intensively farmed landscapes as best approaches for agriculture.
  • 2014
  • Housing policy and housing transformation in Post-Socialist cities
  • Acquiring property ; Adults ; Bucharest ; Credit ; House building ; Housing ; Housing market ; Housing policy ; Liberalisation ; Lithuania ; Owner-occupier ; Poland ; Romania ; Russia ; Saint Petersburg ; Social housing ; Sweden ; Urban renewal
  • Dans ce numéro spécial consacré à la politique du logement et à la transformation du logement dans les villes post-socialites, on trouvera les articles suivants : 1-Between state and market: housing policy and housing transformation in post
  • -socialist cities ; 2-Urban policy and the rise of gated housing in post-socialist Poland ; 3-Housing policy regime in Lithuania: towards liberalization and marketization ; 4-The social housing sector in Prague and Warsaw: trends and future prospects ; 5
  • in St. Petersburg, Russia ; 7-Policy discourse and biography: scripting adulthood into housing policies in comparative perspective.
  • 2014
  • Explaining Policy Outcomes in Federal Contexts: The Politics of Reproductive Rights in Argentina and Mexico
  • Abortion ; Argentina ; Health ; Ideology ; Institution ; Legislation ; Mexico ; Political geography ; Political party ; Woman ; federalism ; policy outcomes ; reproductive rights ; women and parties
  • This article explains the political and institutional factors that affect reproductive rights policies in Argentina and Mexico. It explains that women's positions towards abortion and contraception was greatly shaped by partisanship and ideology
  • , and the relevance of links between women's groups outside legislature and political parties for the success of gender equality policies.
  • 2014
  • Women, communities, neighbourhoods : approaching gender and feminism within UK urban policy
  • Children ; Community ; Gender ; Neighbourhood ; Role of the State ; Social geography ; Social policy ; United Kingdom ; Urban policy ; Woman
  • The paper seeks to make a practical as well as theoretical intervention in relation to gender and feminist perspectives on UK urban policy. It shows that For example, forms of women-centred organising have been relied on in a range of government
  • 2014
  • (Re)making heritage policy in Hong Kong : a relational politics of global knowledge and local innovation
  • Cultural patrimony ; Cultural studies ; Governance ; Hong Kong ; Innovation ; Knowledge ; Neo liberalism ; Patrimony ; Urban policy
  • This article applies the global-relational conceptual frame developed in recent work on urban policy mobilities to heritage in Hong Kong. Using as a case study a tertiary education programme that is a key node of heritage policy learning, it shows
  • 2014
  • Climate policy ; Climatic change ; Ecological footprint ; Governance ; Greenhouse effect ; Private sector ; Public sector ; Transport policy ; United States of America ; Urban climate ; Urban policy
  • a preference for policies that rely on changes in individual behavior, economic incentives, and federal inaction on local government justification for climate-related policies. It concludes with a discussion of urban climate governance as part of a wider sys
  • 2014
  • Decayed neighbourhood ; Gentrification ; Housing policy ; Marginality ; Poverty ; Role of the State ; Scotland ; Social geography ; Territorial stigma ; United Kingdom ; Urban policy ; Urban renewal
  • conceptual and policy coin: the “blemish of place” becomes a target and rationale for ‘fixing’ the area, thus obviating and obstructing policies aimed at attacking deprivation, inequality, or the structural problems of advanced marginality. The state’s role
  • in creating the very stigma it then insists on scrubbing highlights a major contradiction in contemporary urban policy.
  • 2014
  • Alcoholism ; Consumption ; Enquiry ; Governance ; Health ; Regulation ; South Africa ; Urban policy ; Western Cape
  • upon the problem of drinking. As a result, the paper exposes the discrepancies between what is said (of alcohol by policy makers) and what is done (about alcohol within policy, as an original contribution to the multidisciplinary field of critical
  • 2014
  • Children ; Legislation ; Lima ; Peru ; Public policy ; Public space ; Social geography ; Street ; Urban policy ; Urban renewal
  • the removal of street children from public space, as is most evident through Peru’s Law to Protect Minors from Situations of Begging. In the second part of this article, it examines the uneven implementation of policy: street children themselves resist
  • and rework policies “on the ground,” and children’s rights frameworks may offer possibilities for rupture of formal regulation. It concludes that these overlapping and competing dynamics sustain an uneven and contingent geography of urban regulation.
  • 2014