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Formation mechanisms and control factors of vesicular soil structure

Auteur(s) et Affiliation(s)

DIETZE, M.
Inst. of Geography, Technische Univ., Dresden, Allemagne
BARTEL, S.
Inst. of Geography, Technische Univ., Dresden, Allemagne
LINDNER, M.
Inst. of Geography, Univ., Innsbruck, Autriche
KLEBER, A.
Inst. of Geography, Technische Univ., Dresden, Allemagne


Description :
Vesicular structure is a widespread feature of soils in arid environments. To test existing models, to infer plausible mechanisms of vesicular structure formation and to unveil controlling environmental and sedimentological parameters, the AA. present quantitative data of vesicle properties of artificial and natural vesicles. They form due to surface sealing by puddling and by a wetting front, which advances downward, thereby elevating gas pressure within the sediment matrix. Translocation of clay or precipitation of calcium carbonate support vesicle stabilisation. The main limiting factor for vesicle formation in natural environments is root activity. The type and density of surface cover determine fine material fluxes into the aggregates of vesicular horizons. The shape of vesicles may be related to dust influx intensity.


Type de document :
Article de périodique

Source :
Catena (Giessen), issn : 0341-8162, 2012, vol. 99, p. 83-96, nombre de pages : 14, Références bibliographiques : 1 p.

Date :
2012

Editeur :
Pays édition : Allemagne, Cremlingen-Destedt, Catena

Langue :
Anglais
Droits :
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