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Large floods, alluvial overprint, and bedrock erosion

Auteur(s) et Affiliation(s)

TUROWSKI, J.M.
Swiss Federal Research Inst. WSL, Birmensdorf, Suisse
BADOUX, A.
Swiss Federal Research Inst. WSL, Birmensdorf, Suisse
LEUZINGER, J.
Swiss Federal Research Inst. WSL, Birmensdorf, Suisse
Marty Ingenieure AG, Schwändi, Suisse
HEGGLIN, R.
Swiss Federal Research Inst. WSL, Birmensdorf, Suisse
Emch+Berger Holding AG, Bern, Suisse


Description :
Depending on their behaviour during extreme floods, streams can be divided into 2 distinct classes, which derive from a simple threshold model of transport dynamics. Flood-cleaning streams erode during high flows and deposit during small and medium flows. Flood-depositing streams deposit during high flows and erode during small and medium flows. Using published descriptions of the geomorphic effects of large floods, rivers with a wide range of drainage areas are classified as either flood-cleaning or flood-depositing. In bedrock channels, this behaviour can lead to a feedback effect, the overprint effect, between sediment transport processes and bedrock erosion, which can modulate long-term bedrock erosion rates. The overprint effect arises when alluvium covers the bedrock and typical alluvial channel forms (meandering or braiding patterns, armour layers or bedforms) develop, which influence sediment transport rates. The overprint effect is illustrated using field data from the Erlenbach, Switzerland, and its implications for channel dynamics and bedrock erosion are discussed.


Type de document :
Article de périodique

Source :
Earth surface processes and landforms, issn : 0197-9337, 2013, vol. 38, n°. 9, p. 947-958, nombre de pages : 12, Références bibliographiques : 2 p.

Date :
2013

Editeur :
Pays édition : Royaume-Uni, Chichester, Wiley

Langue :
Anglais
Droits :
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