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Potential of palaeosols, sediments and archaeological features to reconstruct Late Glacial fire regimes in northern Central Europe ? case study Grabow site and overview

Climatic signals in geomorphological systems

Auteur(s) et Affiliation(s)

TOLKSDORF, J.F.
Archaeological Heritage Office in Saxony with State Museum of Prehistory, Dresden, Allemagne
TURNER, F.
Inst. of Geobotany, Hannover, Allemagne
KAISER, K.
GFZ, German Research Centre for Geosciences, Postdam, Allemagne
ECKMEIER, E.
RWTH, Aachen Univ., Dept. of Geography, Aachen, Allemagne
BITTMANN, F.
Lower Saxony Inst. for Historical Coastal Research, Wilhemshaven, Allemagne
VEIL, S.
State Museum of Lower Saxony, Hannover, Allemagne


Description :
The AA. examine on-site and off-site archives in the Jeetzel valley at the Late Palaeolithic site Grabow 15 (N-Germany). The spatial analysis of the charcoal distribution and biomarkers (black carbon) in an on-site test area enabled a detailed reconstruction of human burning activities during the early Allerød. A determination of the charred wood taxa allowed a reconstruction of the local vegetation pattern during the time of human occupation. The evidence of man-made fire was compared to the general occurrence of charcoal particles in two palaeochannels that provided archives for palynological and sedimentological analysis for the time span from the Allerød to the early Holocene. Based on the reconstructed local vegetation patterns, human occupation phases and water levels the AA. conclude that human presence during the early Allerød must have increased the input of charcoal and biomarkers into the local sediments. During the Younger Dryas no human contribution to the local charcoal influx was detected. Therefore, future studies must considerate the very local impact of man-made fires in much greater detail.


Type de document :
Article de monographie

Source :
Zeitschrift für Geomorphologie, issn : 0372-8854, 2014, vol. 58, n°. 1, Supl., p. 211-232, nombre de pages : 22, Références bibliographiques : 85 ref.

Date :
2014

Editeur :
Pays édition : Allemagne, Stuttgart, Gebruder Borntraeger

Langue :
Anglais
Droits :
Tous droits réservés © Prodig - Bibliographie Géographique Internationale (BGI)