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PORTAIL D'INFORMATION GÉOGRAPHIQUE

Digital elevation models derived from airborne laser scanning point clouds : appropriate spatial resolutions for multi-temporal characterization and quantification of geomorphological processes

Auteur(s) et Affiliation(s)

SAILER, R.
Inst. of Geography, Univ., Innsbruck, Autriche
alpS - Centre for Climate Change Adaptation Technologies, Innsbruck, Autriche
RUTZINGER, M.
Inst. of Geography, Univ., Innsbruck, Autriche
Inst. for Interdisciplinary Mountain Research, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Innsbruck, Autriche
RIEG, L.
Inst. of Geography, Univ., Innsbruck, Autriche
WICHMANN, V.
alpS - Centre for Climate Change Adaptation Technologies, Innsbruck, Autriche


Description :
In this study, an extensive, multi-temporal set of airborne laser scanning (ALS) data is used to investigate the accuracy of topographic change calculations in a high alpine environment, caused by different geomorphic processes. Differences from digital terrain models (DTMs) with cell sizes ranging from 0.25 m to 10 m were calculated and compared to very accurate point-to-point calculations for a variety of processes and in nearby stable areas which show no significant surface changes. The representativeness of the DTM differences is then compared to the terrain slope and surface roughness of the investigated areas to show the influence of these parameters on the errors in the differences. Those errors are then taken into account for analyses of the applicability of different cell sizes for the investigation of geomorphic processes with different magnitudes and over different time periods. The analyses show that the error of DTM differences increases with lower point densities and higher roughness and slope values.


Type de document :
Article de périodique

Source :
Earth surface processes and landforms, issn : 0197-9337, 2014, vol. 39, n°. 2, p. 272-284, nombre de pages : 13, Références bibliographiques : 1 p.

Date :
2014

Editeur :
Pays édition : Royaume-Uni, Chichester, Wiley

Langue :
Anglais
Droits :
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