The validity of the monocentric city model in a polycentric age: US metropolitan areas in 1990, 2000 and 2010

Auteur(s) et Affiliation(s)

School of Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, Royaume-Uni
Dept. of Economic Analysis, University of Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Espagne

Description :
This article uses local indicators of spatial association (LISA) and other spatial analysis techniques to analyze the distribution of centers with high employment density within metropolitan areas. It examines the 359 metropolitan areas across the United States at three points in time (1990, 2000, and 2010) to provide a spatio-temporal panoramic of urban spatial structure. Our analysis highlights three key findings. (1) The monocentric structure persists in a majority of metropolitan areas: 56.5% in 1990, 64.1% in 2000, and 57.7% in 2010. (2) The pattern of employment centers remains stable for most metropolitan areas: the number of centers remained the same for 74.9% of metropolitan areas between 1990 and 2000 and for 85.2% between 2000 and 2010. (3) Compared with monocen-tric metropolitan areas, polycentric metros are larger and moredense, with higher per-capita incomes and lower poverty rates.

Type de document :
Article de périodique

Source :
Urban geography, issn : 0272-3638, 2014, vol. 35, n°. 7, p. 980-997, nombre de pages : 18, Références bibliographiques : 3 p.

Date :

Editeur :
Pays édition : Etats-Unis, Silver Spring, MD, Winston

Langue :
Droits :
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