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Influence of bedrock structures on the spatial pattern of erosional landforms in small alpine catchments

Auteur(s) et Affiliation(s)

LOYE, A.
Inst. of Geomatics and Risk Analysis, Univ., Lausanne, Suisse
Inst. of Geomatics and Risk Analysis, Univ., Lausanne, Suisse
THEULE, J.I.
IRSTEA Grenoble, Unité de Recherche ETNA, Saint-Martin d'Hères, France
Inst. of Geomatics and Risk Analysis, Univ., Lausanne, Suisse
LIÉBAULT, F.
IRSTEA Grenoble, Unité de Recherche ETNA, Saint-Martin d'Hères, France
METZGER, R.
Inst. of Geomatics and Risk Analysis, Univ., Lausanne, Suisse


Description :
The structural control of erosion of 2 small alpine catchments of distinctive rock types is evaluated by comparing the correspondences between the orientations of their gullies and rock couloirs with (1) the sliding orientations of potential slope failures mechanisms, and (2) the orientation of the maximum joint frequency, this latter being considered as the direction exploited primarily by erosion and mass wasting processes. The morphostructural analysis was performed using digital elevation models and field observations. The orientations of the maximum joint frequency are clearly associated with the gully network, suggesting that its development is governed by anisotropy in rock strength. These 2 catchments are typical of bedrock-dominated basins prone to intense processes of debris supply. This study suggests a quantitative approach for describing the relationship between bedrock jointing and geomorphic features geometry.


Type de document :
Article de périodique

Source :
Earth surface processes and landforms, issn : 0197-9337, 2012, vol. 37, n°. 13, p. 1407-1423, nombre de pages : 17, Références bibliographiques : 2 p.

Date :
2012

Editeur :
Pays édition : Royaume-Uni, Chichester, Wiley

Langue :
Anglais
Droits :
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