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Biotic controls on shallow translational landslides

Auteur(s) et Affiliation(s)

VORPAHL, P.
Inst. of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Univ., Potsdam, Allemagne
Technische Univ., Landscape Ecology, Freising Weihenstephan, München, Allemagne
DISLICH, C.
Helmholtz Center for Environmental Research, Dept. of Ecological Modelling, Leipzig, Allemagne
ELSENBEER, H.
Inst. of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Univ., Potsdam, Allemagne
MÄRKER, M.
Heidelberger Akademie der Wissenschaften, c/o Geographisches Inst. der Eberhard Karls Univ., Tübingen, Allemagne
SCHRÖDER, B.
Inst. of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Univ., Potsdam, Allemagne
Technische Univ., Landscape Ecology, Freising Weihenstephan, München, Allemagne


Description :
In undisturbed tropical montane rainforests massive organic layers accommodate the majority of roots and only a small fraction of roots penetrate the mineral soil. The AA. investigated the contribution of vegetation to slope stability in such environments by modifying a standard model for slope stability to include an organic layer with distinct mechanical properties. The importance of individual model parameters was evaluated using detailed measurements of soil and vegetation properties to reproduce the observed depth of 11 shallow landslides in the Andes of southern Ecuador. By distinguishing mineral soil, organic layer and above-ground biomass, it is shown that in this environment vegetation provides a destabilizing effect mainly due to its contribution to the mass of the organic layer. Sensitivity analysis shows that the destabilizing effect of the mass of soil and vegetation can only be effective on slopes steeper than 37.9°. Thus, on the steep slopes of this megadiverse ecosystem, the mass of the growing forest promotes landsliding, which in turn promotes a new cycle of succession.


Type de document :
Article de périodique

Source :
Earth surface processes and landforms, issn : 0197-9337, 2013, vol. 38, n°. 2, p. 198-212, nombre de pages : 15, Références bibliographiques : 1 p.

Date :
2013

Editeur :
Pays édition : Royaume-Uni, Chichester, Wiley

Langue :
Anglais
Droits :
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