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Designing Farmland for Multifunctionality

Auteur(s) et Affiliation(s)

Haaland, Christine
Landscape Architecture, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Alnarp, Sweden
Fry, Gary
Department of Landscape Architecture and Spatial Planning, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Ås, Norway
Peterson, Anna
Landscape Architecture, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Alnarp, Sweden


Description :
Multifunctionality has become a major objective of European agricultural policy. However, recent research concerning the multifunctionality of agriculture has focused on economic, production or abiotic factors and has paid less attention to biotic, landscape and social aspects. In addition, relationships in the form of trade-offs between different landscape values such as biodiversity, cultural heritage, recreation and aesthetics have been little studied. This case study of a farm in southern Sweden explores the synergies and conflicts that can arise between these landscape values when planning at the farm scale. The results demonstrated that it was not easy to integrate the considered landscape values in practice, though we are often asked for them in policy documents. From the case study, we developed some general relationships—synergies and conflicts—between biodiversity, cultural heritage, recreation and aesthetics that can occur when improving multifunctionality on farmland. We combined methods originating from the natural sciences and the design traditions of landscape architecture to analyse and develop assessments of landscape values with the aim of improving multifunctionality by integrating these values. Finally, we discuss how the design approach of landscape architects can contribute to developing multifunctional farm plans and how the design process results in farm-specific solutions.


Type de document :
Article de périodique

Source :
Landscape research (Online), issn : 1469-9710, 2011, vol. 36, n°. 1, p. 41-62, nombre de pages : 22

Date :
2011

Identifiants :
doi : http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01426397.2010.536202

Editeur :
Pays édition : Royaume-Uni, Abingdon, Taylor and Francis

Langue :
Anglais
Droits :
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