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Palaeogeographical reconstruction of the battle terrain in Ancient Thermopylae, Greece

Geomorphology and geoarchaeology : cross-contribution. Geoarcheological session

Auteur(s) et Affiliation(s)

Dep. of Physical and Environmental Geography, School of Geology, Aristotle Univ., Thessaloniki, Grece
SYRIDES, G.
Dep. of Geology, School of Geology, Aristotle Univ., Thessaloniki, Grece
Dep. of Geography, Harokopio Univ., Athinai, Grece
Dep. of Physical and Environmental Geography, School of Geology, Aristotle Univ., Thessaloniki, Grece
TSOURLOS, P.
Dep. of Geophysics, School of Geology, Aristotle Univ., Thessaloniki, Grece
IΔ' Ephorate of Prehistorical and Classical Antiquities, Lamia, Grece
FOUACHE, E.
Univ. Paris 10, Inst. Univ. de France, EA 375 Gecko, UMR 8591, Nanterre, France
Fac. of Geography, Harokopio Univ., Athènes, Grece
FANNING, P.
Macquarie Univ., Sydney, Australie


Description :
Geomorphological data in combination with geological, stratigraphical, paleontological data of an extensive drilling project supported by electrical resistivity tomography led to the determination of the palaeoenvironmental changes in the area of the Thermopylae Pass and for the palaeogeographical reconstruction of the battle terrain in ancient Thermopylae. The results showed that in the “middle gate” of the Thermopylae Pass between the land and the sea there was a freshwater marsh supplied with large quantities of warm water coming from the thermal springs. The chronostratigraphical and sea level data confirmed its existence when the battle had taken place in 480 BC. This also confirms Herodotus’ description that the road eastwards of Thermopylae was shut in by the sea and by marshes.


Type de document :
Congrès

Source :
International Conference on Geomorphology : Ancient landscapes, modern perspectives, 7, Melbourne, Australie, 2009-07-06/2009-07-11, Geodinamica acta, issn : 0985-3111, 2010, vol. 23, n°. 5-6, p. 241-253, nombre de pages : 13, Références bibliographiques : 26 ref.

Date :
2010

Editeur :
Pays édition : Royaume-Uni, Abingdon, Taylor and Francis

Langue :
Anglais
Droits :
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